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研究生:陳彥儒
研究生(外文):Yan-Ru Chen
論文名稱:以動力圓錐貫入試驗進行土層貫入阻抗調查與土壤分類之研究
論文名稱(外文):Ground Resistance Investigations and Soil Classification Using Dynamic Cone Penetration Test
指導教授:李德河李德河引用關係吳建宏吳建宏引用關係
指導教授(外文):Der-her LeeJian-Hong Wu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:土木工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:169
中文關鍵詞:圓錐貫入試驗標準貫入試驗動力圓錐貫入試驗土壤分類貫入阻抗
外文關鍵詞:Dynamic Cone Penetration TestCone Penetration TestStandard Penetration TestPenetration ResistanceSoil Classification
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目前國內外較為常用之貫入試驗方法以標準貫入試驗(SPT)及圓錐貫入試驗(CPT)為主,也累積了許多的應用經驗,但使用儀器均屬大型設備,投資成本較高,因此本研究發展一套其試驗時間快速、設備輕便、成本便宜之動力圓錐貫入試驗(DCPT),其試驗所得DCPT-Nd值可改善SPT資料缺乏連續性之問題;同時可藉由可以使用取樣器進行現地取樣,以改善CPT無法進行現地取樣之缺點,故針對大規模且較為淺層之地質鑽探,將有相當程度之助益。
此外,土壤分類為提供大地工程設計之基本參考資料,因此本文以DCPT進行土壤分類之研究,藉由DCPT與CPT之平行孔比對結果,找出DCPT-Nd值與CPT-qc、CPT-fs等貫入阻抗之相對關係,進而利用CPT土壤分類法來進行土壤分類,並配合平行鑽探孔取樣試驗結果進行比對,以確認調查之土壤種類及組成。
本研究以台南縣市、成功大學、彰濱工業區現有14孔SPT與CPT之孔位,取平行孔進行現地DCPT貫入試驗,由各孔位DCPT-Nd值之分佈情形,以DCPT試驗時地下水位為分界可發現,在地下水位以上,DCPT-Nd值隨著深度增加有略為下降之趨勢,在地下水位以下,DCPT-Nd值則是隨著深度增加而有變大之趨勢。
以估算所得DCPT-qc、DCPT- fs進行CPT土壤分類法之Robertson分類法,於DCPT調查點土壤主要屬於第6區間(sands)、第5區間(sand mixtures),而配合平行鑽探孔取樣試驗結果在統一土壤分類(USCS)中砂性土壤(SP-SM及SM)主要對應到Robertson分類法的第6、5區間,顯示比對結果ㄧ致。
SPT and CPT are typical penetrating techniques that have been widely used. However, those tests must be associated with large facilities and high costs. Therefore, DCPT is a testing technique with short test period, light weight of equipments, and low cost. The DCPT-Nd obtained during the DCPT test is a continuous data to improve the discontinuous SPT-N. Meanwhile, a specified sampler can be applied to have in-situ soil samples and is different from the CPT that unable to have in-situ sample. Thus, the DCPT can be a useful tool for the numerous geologic detections at the shallow depths.
In addition, soil classification provides a fundamental data for the design in geotechnical engineering. Therefore, in this study, the DCPT-based soil classification is conducted by point out the relationship between DCPT-Nd and the CPT-qc and CPT-fs at the adjoining CPT borehole. The CPT-based soil classification is used for soil classification and is verified by the sampled soils at the adjoining borehole.
The investigated data come from the DCPT boreholes adjoining to each of the 14 SPT and CPT boreholes in Tainan, National Cheng Kung University campuses, and the Changhua coastal industrial park. The DCPT-Nd decreases as the increasing depth above the ground water table. Oppositely, DCPT-Nd increases as the increasing depth below the ground water table.
Then, we found that the DCPT investigated soils are classified in the 6th zone (sands) and 5th zone (sand mixtures) based on applying the DCPT-qc and DCPT-fs to the Robertson soil classification method. In addition, the soils taken from the adjoining borehole are identified to be SP-SM and SM based on the USCS. The classification results correlate well with the soil in the zones of 6th and 5th of the Robertson soil classifications.
摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 X
第一章、緒論 1
1-1 研究動機與目的 1
1-2 論文內容 3
1-3 研究流程 4
第二章、文獻回顧 6
2-1現地貫入試驗 6
2-1-1 標準貫入試驗 6
2-1-2 圓錐貫入試驗 11
2-1-3 GCO貫入試驗 15
2-2土壤分類 19
2-2-1統一土壤分類 19
2-2-2 CPT之土壤分類 23
2-3室內模型槽之貫入試驗 35
2-3-1 模型槽試驗之發展與應用 35
2-3-2 模型槽之影響與評估 37
2-3-3 重模試體製作之評估 40
第三章、研究方法 41
3-1 鑽孔資料蒐集 41
3-2 DCPT儀器及取樣器介紹 43
3-2-1 DCPT儀器 43
3-2-2取樣器 44
3-3 現地DCPT貫入試驗 51
3-4 現地取樣試驗 55
3-5土層之DCPT貫入阻抗變化情況分析 57
3-6 DCPT與SPT、CPT之關係比對 58
3-6-1 DCPT-Nd値與SPT-N值於各深度之比對 59
3-6-2 DCPT與CPT於各深度之比對 60
3-7 DCPT之土壤分類 61
3-8基本物理性質試驗 62
3-9靜態三軸試驗 62
3-10室內模型槽之貫入試驗 69
第四章、分析結果與討論 77
4-1以三種不同鑽頭進行DCPT試驗之比對結果 77
4-2土層之DCPT貫入阻抗變化情況分析結果 79
4-3 DCPT與SPT、CPT之關係比對結果 93
4-3-1 DCPT-Nd値與SPT-N值於各深度之比對結果 93
4-3-2 DCPT與CPT於各深度之比對結果 109
4-4 DCPT之土壤分類結果 128
4-5室內模型槽之貫入試驗 148
4-5-1 應變控制之靜態三軸試驗結果 148
4-6-2 模型槽邊界效應之影響 152
4-6-3 乾燥與飽和試體之試驗結果 154
4-6-4 不同相對密度試體之試驗結果 156
4-5-5 不同貫入錐頭之試驗結果 158
第五章、結論與建議 162
5-1 結論 162
5-2 建議 164
參考文獻 165
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