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研究生:張駿淵
研究生(外文):Jun-Yuan Chang
論文名稱:導入知識地圖於試題評量系統
論文名稱(外文):Knowledge Map for Educational Assessment System
指導教授:王宗一王宗一引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tzone-i Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工程科學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:知識地圖自然語言處理教育評量
外文關鍵詞:natural language processingknowledge mapeducational assessment
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:5
  • 點閱點閱:328
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:66
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
目前中小學教育環境中,教師常會利用教材出版商所附上的題庫光碟或線上題庫來進行教育評量的編制。然而,經由此方法來出題,容易造成試題比重難以拿捏或遺漏了檢核學生某些概念的試題內容,為此,本研究提出導入知識地圖和學習概念能量計算的設計想法,開發一個能幫助中小學教師出題的教育評量工具,讓教師能依照選定的教學範圍,建構具學習概念權重及概念間關連強度的知識地圖,進一步來輔助教師進行出題。
該評量工具結合了文字探勘和知識地圖,透過中文斷詞系統萃取,取出評量範圍內的學習概念,並透過系統計算後,把學習概念以知識地圖形式呈現,進一步連結到概念所屬的試題內容,教師將可依據自身經驗或課程教學目標進行試題挑選。
本研究除了針對系統所擷取出的重要學習概念進行評估外,並進一步透過問卷方式來進行教師對該系統工具使用後的實用性評估,以實際印證並提高該系統工具的開發價值。
At present, in the elementary or junior high schools in Taiwan, most teachers use test items from test banks on CDs or online test banks to compile assessments for pupils. However, instructors may fail to observe some important course concepts or the balance among tested concepts when compiling an assessment or examination. This thesis proposes a new methodology and builds a system that uses knowledge map and text mining for assisting teachers in compiling their assessments. The system extracts learning concepts from text books for selected course units by using CKIP (Chinese Knowledge and Information Processing), automatically computes weights of these concepts, and generates a knowledge map with energy appraisal of concepts. A test item, before put into the bank, will be analyzed to figure out the relationship between the test item and learning concepts. Knowledge maps are displayed while teachers are compiling their assessments, and based on which, teachers can select appropriate test items from test banks.
The performance of the system has been evaluated on both precision and recall rates of learning concepts extraction and the practicality of the system is also identify by the questionnaire from several teachers after they actually use it in compiling several assessments.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌謝 III
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1. 研究背景與動機 1
1.2. 研究目的 3
1.3. 論文架構 4
第二章 相關研究 5
2.1 中小學的教育評量現況 5
2.2 學習概念與試題關係 7
2.3 知識地圖 8
2.4 中文斷詞系統 11
2.5 Graphviz 13
第三章 系統架構與相關模組 15
3.1 系統設計 15
3.2 系統架構 16
3.3 教材與試題前處理模組 18
3.2.1 教材處理 18
3.2.2 中文斷詞與詞性過濾模組模組 19
3.4 學習概念萃取模組 20
3.5 學習概念關係計算模組 21
3.6 學習概念能量計算模組 23
3.7 試題選取處理模組 25
3.8 知識地圖產生處理模組 26
第四章 系統實作 28
4.1 系統開發環境介紹 28
4.2 系統實作介面 28
4.2.1 使用者登入和註冊介面 29
4.2.2 試題輸入介面 31
4.2.3 課文輸入介面 32
4.2.4 資料檢視畫面 33
4.2.5 出題導引介面 34
4.2.6 相關記錄 39
第五章 實驗設計與結果 40
5.1 實驗設計 40
5.2 TAM問卷設計 41
5.2.1 評估結果 46
5.2.2 問卷結果分析 47
5.3 概念萃取的準確性評估 49
5.3.1 評估結果 50
5.3.2 結果分析 52
第六章 結論與建議 53
6.1 結論 53
6.2 建議 53
參考文獻 55
自述 59
附錄 60
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