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研究生:陳克昌
研究生(外文):Ko-Chang Chen
論文名稱:高科技工廠自動化系統之災難復原研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on Disaster Recovery for Automation System of Hi-Tech Manufacturing Factory
指導教授:邵揮洲邵揮洲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Heiu-Jou Shaw
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工學院工程管理專班
學門:工程學門
學類:綜合工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:156
中文關鍵詞:工廠自動化系統災難復原電腦整合製造異地備援高可靠度叢集系統備援資料庫複製
外文關鍵詞:Remote BackupCIMDisaster RecoveryFactory Automation SystemHA Cluster SystemStandby Database Replication
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本研究旨在探討高科技工廠自動化系統的災難復原機制,而一個可以符合工廠自動化持續營運需求的災難復原系統並非是一蹴可及,所以從自動化系統的風險評估與災難復原等級的選定、災難復原系統的規劃設計與建置以至於系統復原機制的驗證都必須要經過有效的過程才能使得工廠自動化系統的災難復原機制更為完善。

所以我們也探討了災難復原機制規劃的相關過程並且驗證了本研究中的災難復原系統設計概念,以下呈現的研究成果是有關於高科技工廠自動化系統的災難復原機制:1. 建置電腦機房內的防火牆概念以降低火災災難所造成的影響程度。2. 建置分
散式的高可靠度叢集系統以分散災難所造成的系統停機風險,以加速目標系統的回復時間指標(RTO)。3. 建置分散式的備援資料庫來重置生產資料庫的資料,並且有效改善資料庫資料復原的時間。4. 建置分散式的資料庫交易紀錄檔映射來確實保護備援資料庫資料的完整性,以縮減目標資料的回復時間指標(RPO)。5. 建置資料庫快速復原機制以避免資料庫系統遭遇邏輯上的錯誤或是系統缺陷而造成的資料庫系統停機。6. 大規模自動化系統災難發生時,啟動遠端階層式的備援資料庫機制以降低企業對於災難復原系統的投資成本。7. 建置遠端交互式備援機制來善加利用近端備援系統資源,並提昇大規模災難發生時的系統可靠度。

以上這些在本研究中被驗證的系統架構概念是可以供學術界進一步的研究基礎,並以本研究成果為基礎推廣至其它研究領域;或是提供產業界在災難復原系統建置上的應用,而進一步的目的是期望本研究在災難復原系統的設計上也可以不止侷限
於高科技工廠的自動化系統的應用而已。
The majority of this dissertation is to carry out extensive research into the disaster recovery mechanism for automation system of Hi-tech manufacturing factory; it's hard to come up with a robust disaster recovery system to meet the production needs. As a result, a comprehensive processes including the risk assessment of automation system along with the decided disaster recovery level, the design planning and implementation of disaster
recovery and the verification and validation of disaster recovery system should be went through to deliver a total solution for the disaster recovery mechanism for automation system of Hi-tech manufacturing factory.

In addition, the related process of planning the disaster recovery mechanism is one of the topics in this study, and the deliverables of designing the disaster recovery architecture also has been verified and validated during the planning process, following are the research results regarding the disaster recovery mechanism for factory automation system: 1. Adopt the firebreak concept for implementing the computer data center to mitigate the impact scope in fire disaster. 2. Implement the distributed cluster system to separate the server from cluster members in different data center for enhancing the cluster availability and speeding up RTO. 3. Implement the distributed standby database to replicate the production data and improve the recovery time of database. 4. Implement the transaction log mirror of database to ensure the data integrity of standby database for reducing RPO. 5. Implement the fast-recovery mechanism to prevent the database from being unavailable as database system encountered the logical error or product defect. 6. Enable the disaster recovery mechanism of remote-hierarchical standby database to reduce total cost investment as the large scale of disaster occurred at local site. 7. Implement remote-cross-backup standby database by leveraging the redundant resource at local site.

All the research results including the planning process and the proposed architecture of disaster recovery system in this dissertation can be applied to the industrial practice and the academia for further research on disaster recovery or the related study fields, and the deliverable of designing the disaster recovery architecture also can be effectively applied to the manufacturing production for building up the robust disaster recovery mechanism of factory automation system. Furthermore, it's expected to have much more practical applications to out of factory automation system by using the disaster recovery technology in this research result.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 研究背景 1
1-2 研究動機 2
1-3 研究範圍與目的 4
1-4 研究步驟 5
第二章 文獻探討 8
2-1 台灣高科技製造業 8
2-1-1 台灣產業發展軌跡 8
2-1-2 台灣高科技製造業近況 9
2-2 工廠自動化系統在高科技產業之應用 9
2-2-1 CIM 在生產部門中的角色 10
2-2-2 CIM 系統提供的生產應用 13
2-3 工廠自動化系統架構 14
2-3-1 資訊自動化 15
2-3-2 物料搬運自動化 26
2-4 災難復原計劃 32
2-4-1 何謂災難/災難復原計劃 32
2-4-2 研擬災難復原計劃的好處與成本 33
2-4-3 研擬災難復原計劃的流程 34
2-4-4 災難復原計畫的成功因素 38
2-5 災難復原的建置策略 40
2-5-1 災難復原管理 40
2-5-2 災難復原的時間指標 42
2-5-3 企業系統的災難復原需求 43
2-5-4 災難復原機制的分級 44
2-6 災難復原的建置技術 49
2-6-1 災難復原的解決方案 49
2-6-2 資料庫叢集的設計 53
2-6-3 作業系統叢集的設計 57
2-6-4 資料複製的架構 60
2-6-5 災難備援地的選擇 64
第三章 系統規劃與設計 67
3-1 系統架構的設計流程 67
3-1-1 工廠自動化系統的風險評估 67
3-1-2 選擇災難復原方案 78
3-2 系統架構的細部設計 81
3-2-1 近端備援機制 81
3-2-2 遠端備援機制 93
第四章 系統實作與結果分析 104
4-1 近端備援系統實作分析 104
4-1-1 系統架構的實作 104
4-1-2 實作系統的驗證結果 109
4-2 遠端備援系統實作分析 133
4-2-1 系統架構的實作 134
4-2-2 實作系統的驗證結果 139
第五章 結論與建議 145
5-1 研究結論 145
5-2 研究建議 149
5-3 研究限制及未來研究方向 151
參考文獻 152
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