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研究生:張琮珣
研究生(外文):Tsung-hsun Chang
論文名稱:以螯合性高分子模板製備硫化鋅奈米結構材料之研究
論文名稱(外文):Preparation of Zinc Sulfide Nanostructures by Using Chelating Polymer Templates
指導教授:黃耀輝黃耀輝引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yao-hui Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:硫化鋅螯合性高分子II-VI族半導體材料
外文關鍵詞:II-VI semiconductorchelating polymer templateszinc sulfide
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  本文以螯合性高分子模板作為製備硫化鋅奈米微粒的成長基板,其高分子模板係利用無乳化劑乳化共聚合法(emulsion-free polymerization)合成乳液後,再將其成膜而得到高分子薄膜基板。其特徵在於高分子基板表面具有強螯合金屬離子的官能基,在高分子基板螯合金屬離子後,可用二次水清洗多餘未螯合之金屬離子,並利用液相或氣相還原法製備硫化鋅奈米結構於高分子基材上。
  本研究以縮水甘油甲基丙烯酸酯(GMA)和亞胺乙二酸(IDA)反應得到側鏈具螯合官能基的乙烯系單體,簡稱為GMA-IDA,並使之與丙烯酸正丁酯(BA)及縮水甘油甲基丙烯酸酯(GMA)進行無乳化劑乳化共聚合反應製備得到Poly(BA-co-GMA-co-GMA-IDA) (PBGG-I)高分子乳液,再將乳液成膜製得高分子PBGG-I薄膜基板。PBGG-I薄膜螯合Zn2+離子後,以二次水清洗薄膜上未螯合金屬離子,分別以液相法(Na2S)及氣相法(H2S)製備得到PBGG-I-ZnS奈米複合薄膜材料。探討不同螯合基含量和不同還原方法對於硫化鋅奈米結構的影響。利用SEM可觀察到液相法可製備出不同長度的硫化鋅奈米棒或成束狀的奈米棒;氣相法則可以得到硫化新的奈米粒或奈米棒。
A simple synthetic route for preparation of luminescent and magnetic nanocomposite materials is disclosed. This method comprises providing chelating group-containing polymer templates, and producing nanoparticles on the surface of said polymer template. Various kinds of nanoparticles can be synthesized on polymer templates with electroless plating, ultraviolet irradiation, gas phase and liquid phase chemical precipitation methods. This approach is suitable not only for the preparation of semiconductor nanoparticles but also other nanoparticles, especially those that can be prepared from the reduction of an appropriate metal ion-polymer complex.
In this study, ZnS nanostructures were prepared by using poly(BA-co- GMA-co-GMA-IDA) (PBGG-I) copolymer membranes as template. PBGG-I membranes were synthesized by soap-free emulsion copolymerization of n-butylacrylate (BA), glycidyl methacrylate (GMA) and 2-methacrylic acid 3-(bis-carboxymethylamino)-2-hydroxy-propyl ester (GMA-IDA). GMA-IDA chelating groups within the copolymer were the coordination sites for chelating Zn2+, at which nanosized ZnS nanocrystals were grown by the wet method (Na2S) and the dry method (H2S). The morphology of ZnS nanocrystals were observed by SEM. By the wet method, ZnS nanorods or nanorod-bundles were prepared. On the other hand, ZnS nanoparticles or nanorods were observed by using the dry method.
中文摘要 --------------------------------------------- I
英文摘要 --------------------------------------------- II
致謝 --------------------------------------------- III
目 錄 --------------------------------------------- IV
表目錄 --------------------------------------------- VI
圖目錄 --------------------------------------------- VII

第一章 緒 論---------------------------------------- 1

第二章 文獻回顧------------------------------------- 5
2-1 硫化鋅奈米材料的應用與製備------------------- 5
2-1-1以硬模板製備硫化鋅奈米材料的技術-------- 5
2-1-2以軟模板製備硫化鋅奈米材料的技術-------- 6
2-1-3以高分子模板製備零維硫化鋅奈米材料------ 7 2-1-4以高分子模板製備一維硫化鋅奈米材料------ 8
2-1-5以高分子模板製備二維硫化鋅奈米材料------ 9
2-2 螯合性高分子模板的製備方法------------------- 10
2-3 奈米材料的特殊性質--------------------------- 13
2-4 研究動機------------------------------------- 16

第三章 實驗部分------------------------------------- 18
3-1 藥 品 --------------------------------------- 18
3-2 儀器設備------------------------------------- 18
3-3 實驗步驟------------------------------------- 19
3-3-1 GMA-IDA單體的合成---------------------- 19
3-3-2高分子薄膜基板製備---------------------- 20
3-3-3奈米粒子製備---------------------------- 21
3-4 分析方法------------------------------------- 22
3-4-1高分子基材之成分分析-------------------- 22
3-4-2高分子奈米複合材料性質分析-------------- 22

第四章 結果與討論----------------------------------- 23
4-1 製備PBGG-I基板------------------------------- 23
4-1-1 PBGG-I的EA鑑定------------------------- 23
4-1-2 PBGG-I的ATR-FTIR鑑定------------------- 23
4-1-3 PBGG-I的DSC鑑定------------------------ 24
4-1-4 PBGG-I薄膜螯合吸附曲線----------------- 25
4-1-5 PBGG-I薄膜之SEM鑑定-------------------- 25
4-2 PBGG-I-ZnS奈米複合薄膜----------------------- 26
4-2-1液相法製備ZnS奈米結構------------------- 26
4-2-1-1 不同GMA-IDA含量之高分子薄膜的比較-- 26
4-2-1-2 不同濃度之Na2S水溶液還原的比較----- 27
4-2-2氣相法製備ZnS奈米粒子------------------- 29

第五章 結論----------------------------------------- 31

第六章 參考文獻------------------------------------- 32
自 述 --------------------------------------------- 58
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