跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.204.180.223) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/01 15:47
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:高東榆
研究生(外文):Tung-yu Kao
論文名稱:篇章連接副詞使用:建構中文母語者英語學術寫作語料庫
論文名稱(外文):Conjunctive Adverbials: Compiling a Learner Corpus of English Academic Writing by Chinese Speakers
指導教授:陳麗美陳麗美引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-mei Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系碩博士班
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:115
中文關鍵詞:篇章關係篇章連接副詞英語學術寫作文體錯誤類型語料庫設計
外文關鍵詞:conjunctive adverbialgenreEnglish academic writingmisuse patterntextual relationcorpus design
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:445
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:38
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究旨於調查篇章連接副詞在中文母語者書寫的英語學術文章中之使用情形及其錯誤類型。研究發軔於建構一超過百萬字的學習者語料庫,其中包括規範語料庫格式和儲存規格以利追蹤語料來源、架設網路介面用以蒐集和分析語料、並開發數據統計工具作為推論統計之依據。接著,挑選出由五位大學生、在三年內、一人提供九篇文體各異、一共四十五篇的英語學術文章,進行研究。其方式是利用所開發的標記工具,針對七種篇章關係及六種錯誤類型進行分析。結果顯示,不同的文體及時間點並不會影響藉由篇章連接副詞所表達的篇章關係分布。相反地,篇章連接副詞所表達的篇章關係分布情形是一種固定的分布。這意味著邏輯性思考構思是一種與認知相關的能力,一旦認知發展成熟,其表現不易受其它因素,像是不同文體和時間,所影響。然而,不同時間確實會影響語域的表現。隨著時間,書面性篇章連接副詞會增加,而口語式篇章連接副詞會減少。除此之外,研究結果亦指出,設計的錯誤類型分類系統能藉由錯誤的來源清楚地分辨篇章連接副詞的錯誤類型。本研究的貢獻可分語料庫應用及教學教材設計兩點討論。就語料庫應用而言,所蒐集及分析標記過的語料可作為開發自動化篇章診斷系統的訓練語料,而本研究架設的網路介面亦可應用於不同目的的語言學研究。就教學教材設計而言,本研究建構的學習者語料庫可提供真實語料供學習者參考,而研究結果能作為新的觀點依據,進而設計出不同的寫作教學教材。
The present study aims to investigate the use and misuse patterns of conjunctive adverbials in the English writing by Chinese speakers across different genres and time periods. To this end, an over-one-million-word learner corpus is first compiled, which involves specifying corpus formation for keeping trace of data sources, constructing a web-based interface for data collection and analysis, and developing frequency calculating tools for further statistical analysis. Later, forty-five pieces of articles, written by 5 college students, with each student contributing 9 articles of different genres in three years, were selected and analyzed with a tagger in terms of the seven textual relations and six misuse patterns of conjunctive adverbials. The result shows that, for the textual relations performed by the conjunctive adverbials, neither genre nor time influences the distribution. In other words, there exists a preferred distribution of textual relations signaled by conjunctive adverbials. This might suggest that the ability to think logically for composing an article is in relation to cognition development, and that once the ability reaches its maturation it would not be subject to other factors, such as genre and time. On the other hand, time is proven a factor impacting performance in register. It is found that, over time, the use of conjunctive adverbials in written register increases while that of conjunctive adverbials in spoken register decreases. In addition to the use of conjunctive adverbials, the results also show that the misuse patterns of conjunctive adverbials could be differentiated by the developed classification based on the misuse origin. The contribution of this study lies in both corpus application and teaching material. For corpus application, the data collected and annotated could serve as training data for developing a computerized diagnosis of Chinese students’ English writing while the developed tools are applicable to versatile linguistic research. For teaching material, the compiled corpus can provide authentic data for learners’ reference while the findings regarding the use of conjunctive adverbials could offer a new perspective for teachers to arrange their teaching materials.
ABSTRACT (Chinese) .......................................................................................................... i
ABSTRACT (English) ......................................................................................................... ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS .......................................................................................................... iv
LIST OF TABLES ............................................................................................................. vi
LIST OF FIGURES ............................................................................................................ ix

CHAPTER ONE INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1
Motivation and Background ........................................................................................... 1
Purposes and Research Questions ..................................................................................... 5
Significance of the Study............................................................................................ 6
Structure of the Study .............................................................................................. 7

CHAPTER TWO LITERATURE REVIEW .............................................................................................. 8
Stages of Corpus Building ........................................................................................... 8
Definition of Conjunctive Adverbials................................................................................ 14
Textual Relations and Misuse Patterns of Conjunctive Adverbials .................................................... 19

CHAPTER THREE CORPUS BUILDING ..............................................................................................27
Specifications and Design .......................................................................................... 27
Hardware and Software .............................................................................................. 31
Data Capture and Mark-up ........................................................................................... 36
Corpus Processing .................................................................................................. 38

CHAPTER FOUR METHODOLOGY .................................................................................................. 43
Data Selection .....................................................................................................43
Coding Scheme ...................................................................................................... 45
Textual Relations Performed by Conjunctive Adverbials ...................................................... 45
Misuse Patterns of Conjunctive Adverbials ................................................................. 48
Coding Scheme in Electronic Format ......................................................................... 50
Coding Procedure ................................................................................................... 52
Statistical Analysis ............................................................................................... 56

CHAPTER FIVE RESULTS ...................................................................................................... 58
The Compiled Learner Corpus .........................................................................................58
Distribution of Textual Relations Performed by Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres .................................59
Distribution of Textual Relations of all Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres .............................. 60
Distribution of Textual Relations of Written-register Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres ..................66
Distribution of Textual Relations of Spoken-register Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres .................. 72
Distribution of Textual Relations Performed by Conjunctive Adverbials Across Time ...................................75
Distribution of Textual Relations of all Conjunctive Adverbials Across Time ................................ 75
Distribution of Textual Relations of Written-register Conjunctive Adverbials Across Time ....................79
Distribution of Textual Relations of Spoken-register Conjunctive Adverbials Across Time .................... 85
Distribution of Misuse Patterns of Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres and Time ....................................86
Distribution of Misuse Patterns of Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres .....................................87
Distribution of Misuse Patterns of Conjunctive Adverbials Across Time ...................................... 92

CHAPTER SIX DISCUSSION .................................................................................................... 95
Corpus Growth and Feedback ......................................................................................... 95
Discussion on Conjunctive Adverbials ................................................................................97
Discussion on the Distribution of Textual Relations Performed by Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres ...... 97
Discussion on the Distribution of Textual Relations Performed by Conjunctive Adverbials Across Time ........101
Discussion on the Distribution of Misuse Patterns of Conjunctive Adverbials Across Genres and Time .........102
General Discussion .........................................................................................105
Implications of the Study ......................................................................................... 106
Limitation and Suggestions for Future Research .................................................................... 107

REFERENCES ................................................................................................................ 110
Altenberg, B. & Tapper, M. (1998). The use of adverbial connectors in advanced Swedish learners' written English. In S. Granger (Ed.), Learner English on Computer (pp. 80-93). London: Longman.
Atkins, S., Clear, J. & Ostler, N. (1992). Corpus design criteria. Literary and Linguistic Computing, 7(1), 1-16.
Barrett, N. (2009). A corpus analysis of English article use in Chinese student’s EFL writing. Paper to be presented at the corpus Linguistic conference, Liverpool University, July 2009.
Bell, D. M. (2004). Correlative and non-correlative “on the other hand”. Journal of Pragmatics, 36, 2179-2184.
Biber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E. (1999). Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Harlow: Pearson Education.
Bolton, K., Nelson, G. & Hung, J. (2002). A corpus-based study of connectors in student writing: Research from the International Corpus of English in Hong Kong (ICE-HK). International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 7(2), 165-182.
Celce-Murcia, M. & Larsen-Freeman, D. (1999). The Grammar Book: An ESL/EFL Teacher's Course. Boston: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
Chen, Cheryl Wei-yu. (2006). The use of conjunctive adverbials in the academic papers of advanced Taiwanese EFL learners. International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, 11(1), 113-130.
Connelly, M. (2006). Get writing: Sentences and paragraphs. Australia: Thomson Higher Education.
Crewe, W. J. (1990). The illogic of logical connectives. ELT Journal, 44(4), 316-325.
Danielsson, P. (2004). Simple Perl programming for corpus work. In Sinclair, J. M. (Ed.), How to Use Corpora in Language Teaching (pp. 225-246). Amsterdam: John Benjamins B. V.
Field, Y. & Yip, L. (1992). A comparison of Internal conjunctive cohesion in the English essay writing of Cantonese speakers and native speakers of English. RELC Journal, 23, 15-28.
Garside, R., Fligelstone, S. & Botley, S. (1997). Discourse annotation: Anaphoric relations in corpora. In Garside, R., Leech, G. and McEnery, T. (Eds.), Corpus Annotation: Linguistic Information from Computer Text Corpora (pp. 66-84). New York: Longman.
Granger, S. & Tyson, S. (1996). Connector usage in the English essay writing of native and non-native EFL speakers of English. World Englishes, 15, 17-27.
Granger, S. (1990). International Corpus of Learner English - ICLE. Retrieved November 23, 2008, from http://www.fltr.ucl.ac.be/fltr/germ/etan/cecl/Cecl-Projects/Icle/icle.htm#heading1
Granger, S. (2003). Error-tagged learner corpora and CALL: A promising synergy. CALICO Journal, 20(3), 465-480.
Gui, S.-C. & Yang, H.-Z. (2003). Chinese Learner English Corpus. Shanghai: Shanghai Foreign Language Education Press.
Halliday, R. & Hasan, D. (1976). Cohesion in English. New York: Longman.
Hunston, S. (2002). Corpora in Applied Linguistics. UK: Cambridge University Press.
Inhelder, B. & Piaget, J. (1999). The Growth of Logical Thinking from Childhood to Adolescence. UK: Routledge.
Kao, T.-Y. & Chen, L.-M. (2008). Coherence in Chinese students' English writing: An initiative to a learners' corpus. In Selected Papers from the Seventeenth International Symposium on English Teaching (pp. 167-174). Taipei: Crane.
Lannon, J. M. (2007). The writing process: A concise rhetoric, reader, and handbook. New York: Longman.
Leech, G. (1997). Grammatical tagging. In Garside, R., Leech, G. and McEnery, T. (Eds.), Corpus Annotation: Linguistic Information from Computer Text Corpora (pp. 19-33). New York: Longman.
Liu, M. & Braine, G. (2005) Cohesive features in argumentative writing produced by Chinese undergraduates. System, 33, 623-636.
McCarthy, M. (1991) Discourse Analysis for Language Teachers. UK: Cambridge University Press.
McEnery, T. & Rayson, P. (1997). A corpus/annotation toolbox. In Garside, R., Leech, G. and McEnery, T. (Eds.), Corpus Annotation: Linguistic Information from Computer Text Corpora (pp. 194-208). New York: Longman.
Meunier, F. (1998). Computer tools for the analysis of learner corpora. In S. Granger (Ed.), Learner English on Computer (pp. 19-37). London: Longman.
Møller, A. & Schwartzbach, M. I. (2006). An introduction to XML and Web technologies. New York: Addison-Wesley.
Morenberg, M. & Sommers, J. (2008). The writer's options: Lessons in style and arrangement. New York: Pearson Longman.
Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G. & Svartvik, J. (1985). A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.
Reid, J. M. (1994). The process of paragraph writing. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall Regents.
Reid, J. M. (2000). The process of composition. White Plains, NY: Longman.
Shen, T.-C. (2006). Advanced EFL Learners’ Use of Conjunctive Adverbials in Academic Writing. MA Thesis, Taiwan: National Taiwan Normal University.
Shih, H.-H. (2000). Compiling Taiwanese Learner Corpus of English. Computational Linguistics and Chinese Language Processing, 5(2), 87-100.
Simons, G. & Bird, S. (2008, May 31). OLAC Metadata. OLAC: Open Language Archives Community. Retrieved February 24, 2009, from http://www.language-archives.org/OLAC/metadata.html
Smalley, R. L., Ruetten, M. K. & Kozyrev, J. R. (2001). Refining composition skills: Rhetoric and grammar. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.
Suehring, S. (2006). Beginning web development with Perl: from novice to professional. Berkeley, CA: Springer.
Tankó, G. (2004). The use of adverbial connectors in Hungarian university students' argumentative essays. In Sinclair, J. M. (Ed.), How to Use Corpora in Language Teaching (pp. 157-181). Amsterdam: John Benjamins B. V.
Tseng, Yen-Chu. & Liou, Hsien-Chin. (2006). The effects of online conjunction materials on college EFL students' writing. System, 34(2), 270-283.
Ungerer, F. & Schmid, Hans-Jörg. (2006). An Introduction To Cognitive Linguistics. UK: Pearson Education Limited.
Winter, E. O. (1977). A clause-relational approach to Eenglish texts: A study of some predictive lexical items in written discourse. Instructional Science, 6, 1-92.
Yang, Z.-J., Kao, T.-Y., Chen, L.-M. & Wang, Y.-W. (2009). Coherence breaks in Chinese students’ English writing: A corpus-based analysis. Paper presented at the 11th International Conference and Workshop on TEFL & Applied Linguistics. March 13-14. Taoyuan, Taiwan: Ming Chuan University.
Yu, Hsueh-ying. (2007). Discourse grammar for academic reading: Textual relationships. English Teaching & Learning, 31(2), 159-197.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top