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研究生:何岱杰
研究生(外文):Dia-jie Ho
論文名稱:台灣中部西部麓山帶中油公司粗坑一號井有孔蟲化石層序及附近地表地質
論文名稱(外文):Foraminiferal stratigraphy of CPC Well TSK-1 and the surface geology in the vicinity, Western Foothills,central Taiwan
指導教授:黃奇瑜黃奇瑜引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chi-Yue Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:地球科學系碩博士班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:平林凝灰岩始新世粗坑背斜大型有孔蟲
外文關鍵詞:Large foraminiferaPinglin TuffEoceneTsuken
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本研究與台灣石油公司合作,取得粗坑一號井13個岩心及125個岩屑標本,重新建立粗坑一號井地層層序,希望可以加以釐清在粗坑背斜因凝灰岩及始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina引起的層序爭議。
根據在粗坑背斜地表地質研究及粗坑一號井的研究得到下列幾點結果:
一、 根據生物型態及參數測量與Less(2008)地中海地區始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina對照後,認為粗坑始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina為D. dispansa ex. interc. Sella,為晚中始新世化石。且由埋藏學的觀點,認為粗坑大型有孔蟲Discocyclin化石為原地堆積。
二、 覆蓋在粗坑新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina化石的砂頁互層,含Globorotalia bullbrooki Bolli、Globorotalia spinulosa Cushman等始新世化石,地層年代約晚中始新世。
三、 由化石內容、岩石組成及地表地質認為粗坑一號井井下0到-350 m為斷層帶;-350 m到-500 m為早中新世碳寮地層;-500 m到-864 m為晚漸新世木山層、-864 m到-1300m為晚漸新世五指山層、-1300m到-1740m始新世中寮層。-1740 m為雙冬斷層,之下為更新世頭嵙山層。
四、 粗坑一號井研究結果與Huang(2008,2009)一致,皆存在一早漸新世到晚始新世不整合面。平林凝灰岩及中寮層含許多來自北港高區的白堊紀到早始新世二次堆積鈣質超微化石,顯示粗坑地區過去為北港高區旁的小張裂盆地。

關鍵字:始新世、平林凝灰岩、大型有孔蟲、粗坑背斜
Foraminiferal stratigraphy of CPC Well TSK-1 and the surface geology in the vicinity, Western Foothills, central Taiwan

Dia Jia Ho
Chi Yue Huang
Abstract
In this study, we gained the 13 core samples and the 125 drilling cutting samples of Well TSK-1 from CPC, and restructured the stratigraphic sequence of Well TSK-1 to clear the argument on the stratigraphic sequence of the Tsukeng anticline.
From the surface geological studying and the Eocene foraminifera Discocyclina exposed on Tsukeng surface and the samples of Well TSK-1, we got the several following results:
1、 By the morphometric measurement of the Eocene foraminifera Discocyclina fossils in Tsukeng area, this study refers to the Eocene Discocyclina in the Mediterranean area (Less, 2008), and assumes its age is late Mid-Eocene. In the view of Taphonomy, we believe the the Eocene foraminifera Discocyclina fossils are in-situ.
2、 The bedding above the Eocene foraminifera Discocyclina fossils containing the Eocene foraminifera , such as Globorotalia bullbrooki Bolli、Globorotalia spinulosa Cushman et al., is late Middle Eocene.
3、 Base on the fossils and the petrographic compositions of the Well TSK-1, we believes that there is a fault zone between 0 m to -350 m;the early Miocene Taliao Formation is between -350 m to -500 m;the late Oligocene Mushan Formation is between -500 m to -864 m; the late Oligocene Wuchihshan Formation is between -864 m to -1300 m; the formation between -1300 m to -1740 m is t the Eocene Chungliao Formation。The depth of -1740 m is Shuangtung fault, the formation under Shuangtung fault is Toukoshan Formation.
4、 The studying results of the TSK Well-1 as the same as the results of Huang et al. (2008,2009) are that there is a unconformity from Early Oligocene to Late Eocene. The Pinglin Tuff and the Chungliao Formation contain many reworking calcareous Nannoplanton fossils from Cretaceous to early Eocene, it represents that the Tsukeng area was a rifting basin near the Paikeng basement high in the past.

Key Words: Eocene、Pinglin Tuff、Large foraminifera、Tsukeng anticline
第一章 緒論.....................................................................................1
1.1 前言..........................................................................................................1
1.2 台灣西部麓山帶地體構..........................................................................4
1.3 張裂盆地..................................................................................................7
1.4 大型有孔蟲Discocyclina........................................................................8
1.5 粗坑地區地理及地質背景.....................................................................13
1.6 前人研究.................................................................................................14
第二章 研究動機與目的...............................................................22
第三章 研究方法...........................................................................24
3.1.1 野外地質調查....................................................................................24
3.1.2 粗坑一號井........................................................................................24
3.2.1 微體化石標本處理方法....................................................................25
3.2.2 大型有孔蟲Discocyclina標本及測量處理方法.............................27
第四章 研究結果...........................................................................28
4.1.1粗坑溪地表地質...................................................................................28
4.1.2 粗坑溪支流Location1.........................................................................29
4.2.1 始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina........................................................30
4.2.2含始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina地層............................................34
4.3粗坑一號井岩心及岩屑岩石組成分析結果..........................................35
4.4粗坑一號井岩心及岩屑化石組成分析結果..........................................37
第五章討論.....................................................................................49
5.1.1粗坑始新世大型有孔蟲化石...............................................................50
5.1.2大型有孔蟲Discocyclina是否為二次堆積化石................................50
5.2. 粗坑一號井層序....................................................................................51
5.3白堊紀到早始新世二次堆積鈣質超微化石意義..................................54
5.4. 平林凝灰岩及中寮層分佈範圍及意義................................................54
5.5 粗坑地區地底構造解釋剖面.................................................................55
第六章結論.....................................................................................57
七、參考文獻.................................................................................58
圖 目 錄

圖一、台灣周邊海域及本島地質圖 .3
圖二、何春蓀粗坑背斜附近構造地質圖 .4
圖三、1982台灣周邊古第三紀張裂盆地分佈圖 .6
圖四、晚中新世南海北坡剖面珠江口盆地與台灣東西剖面.......................7
圖五、顯球型Discocyclina軸面.. .10
圖六、微球型 Discocyclina早期房室生長圖.............................................10
圖七、顯球型Discocyclina赤道面初房及參數說明圖 .12
圖八、台灣北部及中部西部麓山帶沈積相變化圖 .15
圖九、台灣南投地區西部麓山帶及海岸平原鑽井對比圖……………….16
圖十、粗坑一號井層序及地底構造 ...17
圖十一、粗坑剖面與北港溪剖面地理位置 .18
圖十二、Hashimoto et al. (1979)粗坑背構造解釋剖面。 .18
圖十三、台北、南投及粗坑地區的Gaudryina演化關係地層對比圖 ..20
圖十四、南投地區粗坑背斜構造地層對比 21
圖十五、粗坑溪粗坑背斜支流附近地質圖(after Huang., 2009) 26
圖十六、本研究粗坑溪地表地質圖 28
圖十七、粗坑溪支流Location1柱狀及採樣點 29
圖十八、大型有孔蟲Discocyclinidae房室示意圖 31
圖十九、大型有孔蟲D. d.sella和D. d. dispansa分佈時間 33
圖二十、本研究粗坑一號井岩心及岩心有孔蟲分佈圖 43
圖二十一、中寮層頂部砂頁互層之浮游有孔蟲生存年代 49
圖二十二、粗坑一號井電測圖 52
圖二十三、本研究及中油公司粗坑一號井柱狀圖 53
圖二十四、本研究粗坑地區地下剖面構造解釋圖 56








表 目 錄
表一、研究用粗坑一號井岩屑及岩心深度……………………………..24
表二、始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina生物計量表…………………...33
表三、Location1浮游有孔蟲化石分佈………………………………….35
表四 岩心岩屑百分比……………………………………………………39
表五、粗坑一號井岩屑百分比…………………………………………..40
表六。粗坑一號井岩心化石表…………………………………………..44
表七、粗坑一號井岩屑化表......................................................................45



附 錄
照片一、粗坑溪支流Location 1…………………………………………62
照片二、粗坑一號井-464米的剪裂頁岩……………………………..…63
照片三、粗坑一號井..……………………………………………………64
照片四、粗坑溪粗坑橋東邊軸部斷層……………………………..……65
照片五、Location2野外露頭.....................................................................65
圖版一 粗坑溪支流Location1標本SEM圖……………………………66
圖版二 粗坑一號井標本SEM…………………………………………...67
圖版三 始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina 赤道面………………………69
圖版四 始新世大型有孔蟲Discocyclina 赤道面………………………70
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