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研究生:翁雅琦
研究生(外文):Ya-Chi Weng
論文名稱:月球引潮力與台灣地震關係研究
論文名稱(外文):Relationship between the lunar tidal force and earthquakes in Taiwan
指導教授:饒瑞鈞饒瑞鈞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ruey-Juin Rau
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:地球科學系專班
學門:自然科學學門
學類:地球科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:68
中文關鍵詞:引潮力地震發震時間固體潮
外文關鍵詞:origin time of an earthquakesolid tidetidal force
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本文利用中央氣象局台灣地區1991年∼2008年的地震資料,使用Multiyear Interactive Computer Almanac(簡稱MICA)軟體得到各時刻月地距離進而計算固體潮引潮力大小,從發震時刻的潮汐相位討論台灣地區月球引潮力與地震發生之關係。此外,選取了1900年∼1999年二十世紀以來規模7.0以上的地震加以分析月球引潮力與大地震發生之關係。本文之研究成果包括:(1)在台灣地區,地震的發生與半日潮潮汐相位的相關性較低,而與半月潮汐相位的相關性受921大地震的影響很大。(2)在1991年∼2008年的資料當中呈現地震發震時間的優勢相位主要是受到921地震的主震及大量的餘震資料影響,扣除921的地震效應之後,引潮力與地震發震時間的關係並不明顯。(3)在1900年到1999年間的24次地震規模7.0以上的地震之中,有54.17%的地震發生在半月潮的引潮力增加階段,另外45.83%發生在半月潮引潮力減小時段的地震,有81.82%發生在接近半月潮潮汐相位的波峰或波谷附近,顯示潮汐應力在接近極值時(最大或最小時),較容易發生大地震。
In this paper we use earthquake data in Taiwan from Central Weather Bureau for the period of 1991-2008. We calculate the distance from the moon to the earth and the solid tidal force by using the software, Multiyear Interactive Computer Almanac (MICA). From the phase of earth tide we discuss the relationship between the lunar tidal forces and the earthquake occurrence time. Besides, we analyze the correlation between the lunar tidal force and larger earthquakes (Ms≧7.0) using the earthquake data in 20th century. Our results indicate that: (1) In Taiwan, the correlation between earthquake occurrence and the phase of half-day tide is not so clear, and the correlation between earthquake occurrence and the phase of half-month tide is influenced by the Chi-Chi earthquake. (2)According to the data from 1991 to 2008, earthquakes occurred at the advantage azimuth range are closely related to the mainshock and aftershocks of Chi-Chi earthquake. If ignoring the influences of the mainshock and aftershocks of Chi-Chi earthquake, the relationship between the lunar tidal forces and the earthquake occurrence time is not clear. (3) According to an analysis of 24 earthquakes with magnitudes larger than 7.0 from 1900 to 1999 year, 54.17% of earthquakes occur at the increasing of half-month tidal force, other 45.83% of earthquakes occur at the decreasing of half-month tidal force. And in the period of increasing half-month tidal force, 81.82% occur at the phase of half-month tidal force at the peak or foot of the phase of tidal force. This indicates that when the tidal force near the extreme value, earthquakes may occur easier.
中文摘要 ……………………………………………………………I
英文摘要 ……………………………………………………………II
誌謝 …………………………………………………………………IV
目錄 …………………………………………………………………V
圖目錄 ………………………………………………………………VII
表目錄 ………………………………………………………………IX

第一章 緒論………………………………………………………1
1.1 研究動機與目的 ……………………………………………1
1.2 文獻回顧 ……………………………………………………2
1.3 研究內容 ……………………………………………………5

第二章 研究方法與步驟…………………………………………6
2.1 固體潮 ………………………………………………………6
2.2 地震資料之取用及分析 ……………………………………7
2.3 月球引潮力計算 ……………………………………………7
2.4 月地距離計算∼使用MICA天文軟體 ………………………13
2.5 潮汐相位 ……………………………………………………15
2.6 發震時間潮汐相位對照 ……………………………………16

第三章 研究成果…………………………………………………17
3.1 1999年地震資料分析 ………………………………………17
3.1.1 全年地震發震時刻與潮汐相位關係……………………18
3.1.2 不同規模地震發震時刻與潮汐相位關係………………22
3.1.3 921大地震前後地震發震時刻潮汐相位變化 …………30
3.2 1991年∼2008年地震資料分析 ……………………………35
3.3 1900年∼1999年規模7.0以上地震事件分析………………44

第四章 結果討論…………………………………………………55
4.1 1999年地震資料分析結果討論 ……………………………55
4.1.1 1999年全年地震資料分析結果討論……………………55
4.1.2 1999年不同規模地震資料分析結果討論………………58
4.1.3 921大地震前後地震資料分析結果討論 ………………60
4.2 1991年~2008年地震資料分析結果討論……………………62
4.3 1900年~1999年規模7.0以上地震資料分析結果討論 ……62

第五章 結論與建議………………………………………………64

參考文獻 …………………………………………………………66
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