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研究生:林柏均
研究生(外文):Po-chung Lin
論文名稱:階層式區域性鑑別式分析方法應用於手繪三維模型辨識及角度估測
論文名稱(外文):Sketch-based 3D Model Identification and Angle Estimation Using Cascaded LSDA
指導教授:連震杰
指導教授(外文):Jenn-Jier Lien
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:52
中文關鍵詞:流形模組區域性鑑別式分析手繪
外文關鍵詞:PCALSDASketch
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  • 被引用被引用:0
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  • 下載下載:19
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
三維電腦視覺已經被廣範的運用在各個領域,然而對於一般的使用者而言,使用現存的三維物體創建工具來創造仍然是一件繁雜的工作,通常需要使用者從大量的資料庫中選取想要的模組,透過旋轉、放大縮小、移動以及對應點的指定等來取得理想的物件。而對於三維物體搜尋的困難之處在於每個物件都有各式各樣的角度以及比例縮放。因此本篇論文開發了一個階層式的分類系統,來幫助使用者從大量的資料庫中快速且正確的找出想要的三維物件。在本系統的訓練程序中,資料庫中存放基本的三維模組,在各個角度上投影到二維上面取得物件外框,然後利用這些外框來訓練區域鑑別式的分類假構以加速搜尋的效率。另外,為了降低資料的存放量,我們使用了流形模組來計算更精確的物件角度。而在測式程序中,我們在階層式架構中利用找尋最近k個鄰居的方式來判段所屬的類別,並評估相似度來進行排序以決定階層式架構的搜尋路徑。基於本系統,使用者無需手動的選擇物體的種類及角度,也無需手動指定對應點。最後實驗也測試各種不同物體種類、角度以及比例來驗證本系統的效率。
Existing tools for reconstructing 3D models from user freehand sketch is a tedious work, as it requires manually choosing a targeted 3D model in a database and carefully matching 3D model to the desired 2D sketch. The major difficulty for automation of 3D reconstruction is that 3D model has various 2D contours caused by changing viewpoints. In this paper, we proposed a novel cascaded framework of 3D models reorganization and categorization for automatically choosing and matching tasks. In the training process, each 3D model in the database is decomposed as several 2D projected contours from different viewpoints. All contours are then organized in a cascade way combined with Locality Sensitive Discriminant Analysis (LSDA) to boost search efficiency. Also, manifold spaces are constructed to generate virtual 2D contours and consequently only a limited size of 2D contours is required in the database. In the testing process, the input free-form sketch is used for querying 2D projected contours from 3D database. The search stage is cascaded and parallel; at each layer, k-nearest neighbors of input sketch are selected and ranked by their similarity degree. The informative neighbors (only the top few of sorted list) are then used for indicating search direction in the next layer. Consequently, no user effort for choosing and matching 3D model is necessary where the object type and viewpoint are highly robust and efficiently estimated. Extensive experiments demonstrate that the proposed method is efficient and well-performed by testing for 8 object types, each has 1440 varied poses and 5 different contour ratios.
CHAPTER1. INTRODUCTION 10
1.1. RELATED WORKS 12
CHAPTER2. 2D SKETCH TO 3D MODEL 15
2.1. SYSTEM FLOWCHAT 15
2.1.1. 2D Contour Sampling Using DWT 16
2.1.2. Graphic Structure Analyzing Using DT 18
2.1.3. 3D Points Estimating and 3D Model Smoothing 19
2.2. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 19
2.3. DISSCUSSION 21
CHAPTER3. PHOTOGRAMMETRIC SYSTEM 22
3.1. SYSTEM FLOWCHAT 22
3.1.1. 3D Model Database 25
3.1.2. 2D Contour Sampling 26
3.1.3. CFD Feature Description for LSDA Spaces 27
3.1.4. Cascaded LSDA Creation for Type and Angle Classification 30
3.1.5. CFD Feature Description for PCA Spaces 31
3.1.6. Manifold PCA Creation for Fine Angle Estimation 32
3.1.7. Matching the Retrieved Model to the Input Contour using RANSAC 33
3.2. OBJECT CLASSIFICATION AND ANGLE ESTIMATION 35
3.2.1. Cascaded LSDA Classification and Manifold Modeling 36
3.2.2. Classification and Estimation from 3D Model Database 39
3.3. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS 42
3.4. DISCUSSION 49
CHAPTER4. COUCLUSION AND FUTURE WORK 50
Reference 51
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