跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(3.95.131.146) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/07/29 00:45
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:曾科達
研究生(外文):Ko-da Tseng
論文名稱:從認知神經生理角度探討不同身體活動量與不同性別的老年人在作業轉換表現之差異
論文名稱(外文):The differences of performance on task-switching in older adults with different physical activity levels and sex—evidence from the cognitive neurophysiology
指導教授:蔡佳良蔡佳良引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-liang Tsai
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:體育健康與休閒研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動休閒及休閒管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:性別認知錯誤關聯負波老年人身體活動量
外文關鍵詞:physical activityolder adultssexcognitionerror-related negativity
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:575
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:163
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:3
本研究以作業轉換設計來測驗不同身體活動量老年人的反應速度、錯誤率、整體轉換成本、特殊轉換成本以及大腦錯誤關聯負波的振幅變化,藉此了解身體活動量高低與不同性別的老年人在認知改變的現象。75位65-69歲之男女性老年人(男性37位,女性38位)先以七日身體活動回憶法,分成高活動量與低活動量組別(高活動組老人都是規律參與桌球活動者),個別施以同質性(homogenous)與異質性(heterogeneous)的作業轉換測驗,並同步收集大腦相關事件電位。研究結果發現:在行為部分,老年人在反應時間、整體轉換成本和特殊轉換成本並未在性別和活動量上有顯著差異,然而,高活動量老年人比低活動量者能明顯地降低錯誤率的發生;在腦波部分,ERN振幅在電極位置Fz顯著大於Pz,但在性別方面,雖然高低活動量兩組未達顯著差異,但男女性別之間的老人卻呈現顯著差異。此研究發現規律參與桌球活動的高身體活動量老人在執行作業轉換模式時,僅會改善其錯誤率,對其他行為與腦電位表現,並無法達到明顯的改善。然而,本研究也發現男女老年人在認知退化上存在著性別上的差異。
The present study examined cognitive change in older adults with different physical-activity levels and gender, using a task-switching paradigm to test reaction time, error rate, global switch cost, specific switch cost and error-related negativity (ERN). Seventy-five participants (37 men and 38 women) were screened using Seven-day Physical Activity Recall (7-d PAR) and divided into two groups: higher-physical-activity (all of them played table tennis regularly) and lower-physical-activity groups. All older adults were recorded with regard to their behavioral performance and event-related potential measures during a variant of the task-switching paradigm, in which they should react to homogenous and heterogeneous tests respectively. Results indicated that no significant differences were found in reaction time, global switch cost and specific switch cost between higher- and lower-physical-activity groups and between male and female older adults. However, error rate was significantly lower in higher-physical-activity group than in lower-physical-activity one. In addition, ERN amplitude was significantly larger at the Fz electrode as compared to Pz. Even though ERN amplitude was not significantly affected by different physical-activity level, it revealed significant differences in gender. These findings showed that, in task-switching paradigms, only error rate could be improved in older adults with higher physical activity playing table tennis regularly. Moreover, a gender difference on the cognitive degeneration was found in older adults.
中文摘要 I
Abstract II
誌 謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第壹章、緒論 1
第一節、研究背景 1
第二節、研究目的 3
第三節、研究假設 4
第四節、名詞定義 4
第五節、研究限制 5
第貳章、文獻回顧 6
第一節、老年人口的定義 6
第二節、高齡者的腦部退化 6

第三節、男女性之腦部差異 8
第四節、身體活動與腦部關係 10
第五節、評估量表介紹 12
一、簡式智能檢測量表(Mini-Mental State Examination,MMSE) 12
二、貝克憂鬱量表中文第二版(Beck Depression Inventory II,DBI-II) 13
三、七日身體活動回憶法(Seven-day Physical Activity Recall, 7-d PAR) 13
第六節、ERN 特性 14
第七節、轉換成本 16
第八節、總結 17
第参章、研究方法 18
第一節、研究對象 18
第二節、實驗儀器與設備 18
第三節、實驗程序 19
第四節、ERN之腦波記錄 20
第五節、資料整理與統計分析 21
第肆章、研究結果 23
第一節、受試者基本資料 23
第二節、行為資料 26
第三節、ERN相關事件電位分析 30
第四節、總結 36
第伍章、討論 37
第一節、行為反應之探討 37
第二節、大腦事件相關電位之探討 41
第陸章、結論與建議 45
第一節、結論 45
第二節、未來建議 45
參考文獻 46
附錄一、受試者基本資料 56
附錄二、簡式智能檢測量表 57
附錄三、七日身體活動回憶調查表 58
內政統計資訊服務網(2007)。96年10月底老人長期照護、養護及安養機構概況。內政統計通報,49。2008年5月31日,取自: http://www.moi.gov.tw/stat/
王順正(1999)。運動強度的判定(攝氧量)。運動生理週訊,第20期。
王影(2005)。慢跑對老年人心、肺功能的影響。心血管康復醫學雜誌,14(2),104-105。
石�甯P、洪聰敏(2006)。身體活動與大腦神經認知功能老化。台灣運動心理學報,8,35-63。
行政院經濟建設委員會(2007)。中華民國臺灣95年至140年人口推計簡報。人力資源發展。2008年11月19日,取自: http://www.cepd.gov.tw/m1.aspx?sNo=0000455
林正常(1997)。運動生理學。台北市:師大書苑。
林正常、王順正、吳忠芳(2005)。日常生活身體活動的能量消耗研究。運動生理暨體能學報,2,55-66。
林志懋(譯)(2008)。補腦全書。早安財經:台北市。(Amen, D. G., 2006)
胡富傑(2001)。從老人公寓用後評估探討高齡者無障礙居住環境之建立。未出版碩士論文,私立中原大學,桃園縣。
胡志鋒、陳裕芬(2007)。提升學生對桌球運動旋轉的認知、運用與處理。大專體育,92,1-9。
洪蘭(譯)(2004)。大腦總指揮。遠流:台北市。(Goldberg, E., 2001)
柯慧貞(1988)。內因性憂鬱症與非內因性憂鬱症在腎上腺皮質素抑制反應、認知偏差及生活壓力上之比較。未出版博士論文,國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
柯慧貞、陸汝斌、柯永河(1994)。生活壓力、年齡、迪皮醇壓抑測驗異常反應與憂鬱症亞型之關係。中華精神醫學,9(4),283-290。
許淑雯、李玉麟(2008)。桌球「分段式多球訓練」之觀點。大專體育第,99,23-28。
陳心怡(2000)。貝克憂鬱量表第二版指導手冊。台北:中國行為科學社。
曾思瑜(1997)。高齡化社會居住環境的迷思。空間雜誌,100,29。
Anthony, J., LeResche, L., Niaz, U., VonKorff, M., & Folstein, M. (1982). Limits of the ‘‘mini-mental state’’ as a screening test for dementia and delirium among hospital patients. Psychology Medicine, 12, 397-408.
Allport, D. A., & Wylie, G.. R. (1999). Task-switching: Positive and negative primg of task-set. In G. W. Humphreys, J. Duncan, & A. M. Treisman (Eds.), Attention, space, amd action: Studies in cognitive neuroscience (pp. w273-296). England: Oxford University Press.
Alexopoulos, G. S., Murphy, C. F., Gunning-Dixon, F. M., Kalayam, B., Katz, R., Kanellopoulos, D. et al. (2007). Event-related potentials in an emotional go/no-go task and remission of geriatric depression. NeuroReport, 18(3), 217-221.
American College of Sports Medicine. (2007). Physical activity and public health in older adults: recommendation from the American college of sports medicine and the American heart association. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(8), 975-991.
Arbuthnott, K. D. (2008). Asymmetric Switch Cost and Backward Inhibition: Carryover Activation and Inhibition in Switching Between Tasks of Unequal Difficulty. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 62(2), 91-100.
Bard, C., & Fleury, M. (1978). Influence of imposed metabolic fatigue on visual capacity components. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 47, 1283–1287.
Blair, S. N., Haskell, W. L., Ho, P., Paffenbarger, R. S., Vranizan, K. M., Farquhar, J. W., & Wood, P. D. (1985). Assessment of habitual physical activity by a seven-day recall in a community survey and controlled experiments. American Journal of Epidemiology, 122(5), 794–804.
Bloom, F. E., Lazerson, A., & Hofstadter, L. (1985). Brain, mind, and behavior. New York: Freeman.
Bernstein, P. S., Scheffers, M. K., & Coles, M. G. H. (1995). “Where did I go wrong” A psychophysiological analysis of error detection. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 21(6), 1312-1322.
Barja, G. (2004). Free radicals and aging. Trends Neurosciences, 27(10), 595–600.
Bojko, A., Kramer, A. F., & Peterson, M. S. (2004). Age equivalence in switch costs for prosaccade and antisaccade tasks. Psychology and Aging, 19, 226–34.
Burke, S. N., & Barnes, C. A. (2006). Neural plasticity in the ageing brain. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 7, 30-40.
Beste, C., Saft, C., Konrad, C., Andrich, J., Habbel, A., Schepers, I., Jansen, A., Pfleiderer, B., & Falkenstein, M. (2008). Levels of error processing in Huntington's disease A combined study using event-related potentials and voxel-based morphometry. Human Brain Mapping, 29(2), 121–130.
Callaway, E., & Harris, P. R. (1974). Coupling between cortical potentials from different areas. Science, 183, 873–875.
CowelI, P. E., Turetsky, B. I., Gur, R. C., Grossman, R., Shtasel, D. L., et al. (1994). Sex differences in aging of the human frontal and temporal lobes. The Journal of Neuroscience, 14(8), 4748-4755.
Coffey, C. E., Lucke, J.F., Saxton, J. A., Ratcliff, G., Unitas L. J., Billig, B., et al. (1998). Sex differences in brain aging. Archives of Neurology, 55(2), 169-179.
Cotman, C. W., & Berchtold, N. C. (2002). Exercise: a behavioral intervention to enhance brain health and plasticity. TRENDS in Neurosciences, 25(6), 295-301.
Chang, L., & Deming, L. (2003). The role of working memory and sensorimotor speed in adult age differences in mental subtraction. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 35(5), 617-627.
Cicconetti, C., Priami, C., Sagrafoli, C., Tafaro, L., Ettorre, E., Donadio, C., et al. (2006). Cognitive function by brain event-related potentials (ERP) in elderly with borderline isolated systolic HYPERTENSION (BISH). Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 44(1), 105-111.
Christakou A., Halari R., Smith, A. B., Ifkovits, E., Brammer, M., & Rubia., K. (2009). Sex-dependent age modulation of frontostriatal and temporo-parietal activation during cognitive control. Neuroimage, 47, 1-14.
Deupree, R. H., & Simon, J. R. (1963). Reaction time and movement time as a function of age, stimulus duration, and task difficulty, Ergonomics, 6(4) ,403-411.
Dustman, R. E., LaMarche, J. A., Cohn, N. B. Shearer, D. E., & Talone, J. M., (1985). Power spectral analysis and cortical coupling of EEG for young and old normal adults. Neurobiology of Aging, 6, 193–198.
Dirix, A., Howard, H. G., Knuttgen, & Tittel, K. (1991). The olympic book of sports medicine. England: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
Dustman, R. E., Hanover, R. Y., & Shearer, D. E. (1994). Exercise and health in the elderly. In D. M. Compton & F. E. Iso-Ahola (Eds.), Leisure and mental health. Park City, UT: Family Development Resources.
Dustman, R. E., Emmerson, R. Y., & Shearer, D. E. (1996).Life span changes in electrophysiological measures of inhibition. Brain and Cognition, 30, 109-126.
Dove, A., Pollmann, A., Schubert, T., Wiggins, C. J., & von Cramon, D. (1999). Prefrontal cortex activation in task switching: an event-related fMRI study. Cognitive Brain Research, 9, 103-109.
Dubbert, P. M., Vander Weg, M. W., Kirchner, K. A., & Shaw, B. (2004). Evaluation of the 7-Day Physical Activity Recall in Urban and Rural Men. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. 36(9). 1646-1654.
Debener, S., Ullsperger, M., Siegel, M., Fiehler, K., von Cramon, Y., Engel, A. (2005). Trial-by-trial coupling of concurrent electroencephalogram and functional magnetic resonance imaging identifies the dynamics of performance monitoring.The Journal of Neuroscience, 25(50), 11730-11737.
Der, D., & Deary, I. J. (2006). Age and Sex Differences in Reaction Time in Adulthood: Results From the United Kingdom Health and Lifestyle Survey. Psychology and Aging, 21(1), 62-73.
Engle, R. W. (2002). Working memory capacity as executive attention. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11, 19–23.
Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E., & McHugh, P. R. (1975). Mini-mental state: A practical method for grading the cognitive state of patients for the clinician. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189-198.
Falkenstein, M., Hohnsbein, J., Hoormann, J., & Blanke, L. (1991). Effect of crossmodal divided attention on late ERP components. II. Error processing in choice reaction tasks. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 78(6), 447-455.
Falkenstein, M., Hohnsbein, J., & Hoormann, J. (1996). Differential processing of motor errors. In C. Ogura, Y. Koga, & M. Shimokochi (Eds.), Recent advances in event-related brain potential research (pp. 579-585). Amsterdam: Elsevier Science.
Falkenstein, M., Hoormann, J., & Hohnsbein, J. (2001) Changes of error-related ERPs with age. Experimental Brain Research, 138, 258-62.
Gur, R. C., Mozley, P. D., Resnick, S. M., Gottlieb, G. L., Kohni, M., & Zimmerman, R. (1991). Gender differences in age effect on brain atrophy measured by magnetic resonance imaging. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 88(7), 2845-2849.
Gehring, W. J., Goss, B., Coles, M. G. H., Meyer, D. E., & Donchin, E. (1993). A neutal system for error detection and compensation. Psychological Science, 4(6), 385-390.
Gur, R. C., Turetsky, B. I., Matsui, M., Yan, M., Bilker, W. et al. (1999). Sex differences in brain gray and white matter in healthy young adults: correlations with cognitive performance. The Journal of Neuroscience, 19(10),4065-4072.
Goldstein, J. M., Jerram, M., Poldrack, R., Anagnoson, R., Nikos Makris, H. C., Goodman, J. M. et al. (2005). Sex Differences in Prefrontal Cortical Brain Activity During fMRI of Auditory Verbal Working Memory. Neuropsychology, 4, 509-519.
Hajcak, G., McDonald, N., & Simons, R. F. (2003) Anxiety and error-related brain activity. Biological Psychology, 64(1-2), 77-90.
Hung, T. M., Hung, C. L., Fong, D. Y., Chang, Y. K., Kao, J. F., & Lo, L. C. (2003). The effect of uncertainty on attention in table-tennis players and nonathletes. Bulletin of Sport and Exercise Psychology of Taiwan, 3, 97-110.
Herrmann, M. J., Römmler, J., Ehlis, A. C., Heidrich, A., & Fallgatter, A. J. (2004). Source localization (LORETA) of the error-related-negativity (ERN/Ne) and positivity (Pe). Cognitive Brain Research, 20, 294-299.
Hajcak, G., Holroyd, C.B., Moser, J.S., Simons, R.F. (2005). Brain potentials associated with expected and unexpected good and bad outcomes. Psychophysiology 42, 161–170.
Hajcak, G., Moser, J. S., Yeung, N., & Simons, R. F. (2005). On the ERN and the significance of errors. Psychophysiology, 42, 151–160.
Hsieh, S., & Liu, L. (2005). The nature of switch cost: task set configuration or carry-over effect? Cognitive Brain Research, 22, 165-175.
Hillman, C. H., Kramer, A. F., Belopolsky, A. V., & Smith, D. P. (2006). A cross-sectional examination of age and physical activity on performance and event-related brain potentials in a task switching paradigm. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 59, 30-39.
Hale, L. A., Pal, J., & Becker, I. (2008). Measuring free-living physical activity in adults with and without neurologic dysfunction with a triaxial accelerometer. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89(9), 1765-1771.
Jasper, H. H. (1958). Ten ten-twenty electrode system of the International Federation. Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology, 10, 371-375.
Jennings, J. M., Dagenbach, D., Engle, C. M., & Funke, L. J. (2007). Age-related changes and the attention network task: An examination of alerting orienting and executive function. Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition, 14, 353-369.
Kramer, A. F., Hahn, S., Cohen, N. J., Banich, M. T., McAuley, E., Harrison, C. R. et al. (1999). Ageing, fitness and neurocognitive function. Nature, 400(6743), 418-419.
Kray, J., & Lindenberger, U. (2000). Adult age differences in task switching. Psychology and Aging, 15, 126–147.
Kawashima, R., & Koizumi, H. (2003). Learning Therapy. Sendai: Tohoku University Press.
Logan, G. D. (2006). Out with the old, in with the new: More valid measures of switch cost and retrieval time in the task span procedure. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 13(1), 139-144.
Lütcke, H., & Frahm, J. (2007). Lateralized anterior cingulate function during error processing and conflict monitoring as revealed by high-resolution fMRI. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 508-515.
Marchal, G., Rioux, P., Petit-Taboué M. T., Sette, G., Travère,, J. M., Le Poec, C., et al. (1992). Regional Cerebral Oxygen Consumption, Blood Flow, and Blood Volume in Healthy Human Aging. Archives of Neurology, 49(10),1013-1020.
Meiran, N. (1996). Reconfiguration of processing mode prior to task performance. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 22, 1423–1442.
Morrison, J.H., & Hof, P.R. (1997). Life and death of neurons in the aging brain. Science, 278, 412-419.
Maylor, E. A., & Lavie, N. (1998). The influence of perceptual load on age differences in selective attention. Psychology and Aging, 13(4), 563-573.
McEwen, B. S. (1999).Permanence of brain sex differences and structural plasticity of the adult brain. National Acad Sciences, 96, 7128-7130.
Mattson, M. P. (2000). Neuroprotective signaling and the aging brain: take away my food and let me run. Brain Research, 886(1-2),47–53.
McEwen, B. S. (2001).Invited Review: Estrogens effects on the brain: multiple sites and molecular mechanisms, Journal of Applied Physiology, 96, 2785-2810.
Miltner, W. H. R., Lemke, U., Weiss, T., Holroyd, C., Scheffers, M. K., Coles, M. G. H. (2003). Implementation of error-processing in the human anterior cingulate cortex: a source analysis of the magnetic equivalent of the error-related negativity. Biological Psychology, 64, 157-166.
Nakken, K. O., Bjørholt, P. G., Johannessen, S. I., LoSyning, T., & Lind, E. (1990). Effect of Physical Training on Aerobic Capacity, Seizure Occurrence, and Serum Level of Antiepileptic Drugs in Adults with Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 31(1), 88-94.
Nieuwenhuis, S., Ridderinkhof, K. R., Talsma, D., Coles, M. G. H., Holroyd, C. B., & Kok, A. (2002). A computational account o altered error processing in older age: dopamine and the error-related negativity. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 2(1), 19-36.
O'Connell, R. G., Dockree, P. M., Bellgrove, M. A., Turin, A., Ward, S., Foxe, J. J. et al. (2008). Two Types of Action Error: Electrophysiological Evidence for Separable Inhibitory and Sustained Attention Neural Mechanisms Producing Error on Go/No-go Tasks. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 21(1), 93-104.
Prinz, P. N., Dustman, R. E., & Emmerson, R. Y. (1990). Electrophysiology and aging. In J.E. Birren & K. W. Schiae (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Aging. San Diego: Academic Press.
Proctor, R. W., Koch, I., Vu, K. L., & Yamaguchi, M. (2008). Influence of display type and cue format on task-cuing effects: Dissociating switch cost and right–left prevalence effects. Memory and Cognition, 36(5), 998-1012.
Rogers, R. D., & Monsell, S. (1995). Costs of a predictable switch between simple cognitive tasks. Journal of Experimental Psychology General, 124, 207–231.
Rubinstein, J. S., Meyer, D. E., & Evans, J. E. (2001). Executive control of cognitive processes in task switching, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 27, 763-797.
Rubia, K., Smith, A., Brammer, M. J., & Taylor, E. (2003). Right inferior prefrontal cortex mediates response inhibition while mesial prefrontal cortex is responsible for error detection. NeuroImage, 20, 351-358.
Rushworth, M. F. S., Buckley, M. J., Behrens, T. E. J., Walton, M. E., & Bannerman, D. M. (2007). Functional organization of the medial frontal cortex. Neurobiology, 17(2), 220-227.
Sallis, J. F., Haskell, W. L., Wood, P. D., Fortmann, S. P., Rogers, T., Blair, S. N., et al. (1985). Physical activity assessment methodology in the five-city project. American Journal of Epidemiology, 121(1), 91–106.
Scheffers, M. K., & Coles, M. G. H. (2000). Performance monitoring in a confusing world: Error-related brain activity, judgments of response accuracy, and types of errors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 26, 141-151.
Spirduso, W. W., Francis, K. L., & MacRae, P. G. (2005). Physical Dimensions of Aging. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Schrijvers, D., de Bruijn, E. R. A., Maas, Y., Grave, C. D., Sabbe, B. G. C., & Hulstijn, W. (2008). Action monitoring in major depressive disorder with psychomotor retardation disorder. Cortex, 44, 569-579.
Treisman, A. M. (1992). Perceiving and re-perceiving objects. American Psychologist, 47, 862-875.
Tokuyama, W., Okuno, H., Hashimoto, T., Li, Y. X., & Miyashita, Y. (2000). BDNF upregulation during declarative memory formation in monkey inferior temporal cortex. Nature Neuroscience, 3, 1134–1142.
Timiras, P.S. (2003) Physiological Basis of Aging and Geriatrics, CRC Press.
Themanson, J. R., & Hillman, C. H. (2006).Cardiorespiratory fitness and acute aerobic exercise effects on neuroelectric and behavioral measures of action monitoring. Neuroscience, 141, 757-767.
Themanson, J. R., Hillman, C. H., & Curtin, J. J. (2006). Age and physical activity influences on action monitoring during task switching. Neurobiology of Aging, 27, 1335-1345.
Themanson, J. R., Pontifexb, M. B., & Hillman, C. H. (2008). Fitness and action monitoring: Evidence for improved cognitive flexibility in young adults. Cognitive Neuroscience, 157(2), 319-328.
Wylie, G., & Allport, A. (2000). Task switching and the measurement of “switch cost”. Psychological Research, 63, 212-233.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top