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研究生:余國威
研究生(外文):Kok-wei Yee
論文名稱:採用感應機之整合式啟動-發電系統研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on an Induction Machine-Based Integrated Starter-Generator System
指導教授:王醴
指導教授(外文):Li Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:感應電機整合式啟動-發電機間接磁場導向控制數位訊號控制器
外文關鍵詞:digital signal controllerindirect field oriented controlintegrated starter-generatorinduction machine
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:155
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文的目標旨在發展以感應機為基礎之一套整合式感應機啟動-發電系統。此系統藉由同一台感應機完成自行啟動、發電並產生穩定直流鏈電壓供電負載之運轉。
採用間接磁場導向控制做為所研究感應機之控制方法,此系統包含了兩個工作模式�o啟動模式與發電模式。當系統在啟動模式時,由外部提供直流電源,經過換流器驅動感應機旋轉。當系統在發電模式時,外部直流電源切離,並由原動機作為動能來源,驅動感應發電機旋轉。利用磁場導向之控制器,可有效控制整流器輸出一個穩定的直流鏈電壓,並提供功率給負載使用。
除利用數位訊號控制器dsPIC30F6010A做為訊號的處理及控制,並配合周邊的硬體來控制功率半導體開關及訊號的回授外,亦利用電力電子暨馬達模擬軟體PSIM完成整體系統之運轉模擬,以驗證本論文所提系統之可行性。
The aim of this thesis is to develop an induction machine-based integrated starter-generator system. This system can start up and generate power to regulate dc-bus voltage supplying loads using the same induction machine.
The system includes two operation modes, i.e., startup mode and generation mode. When the system is operated under the startup mode, the induction machines can be started up by an inverter that is powered by an external dc voltage source. When the system is operated under the generation mode, the external dc voltage source is disconnected and a prime mover is used as a kinetic-energy source to drive induction machine. This thesis uses an indirect field oriented control as the control scheme for the studied system to control the rectifier to generate a stable dc voltage to supply power to the loads.
This thesis not only uses a digital signal controller dsPIC30F6010A to perform signal process and designs peripheral hardware to control power semiconductor switches, but also employs Powersim software to carry out the simulations of the whole system.
摘要 I
Abstract III
致謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
符號表 XV
第一章 緒 論 1
1-1 研究背景及動機 1
1-2 系統架構圖 3
1-3 文獻回顧 5
1-4 本論文之貢獻 11
1-5 內容大綱 11
第二章 感應機之數學模型 13
2-1 座標轉換 13
2-2 感應機之數學模型[6] 16
2-3 實驗機組之參數量測 20
第三章 向量控制 25
3-1 交流感應機的向量控制基本原理 25
3-2 間接磁場導向控制 28
3-2-1 磁場導向控制法的原理 29
3-2-2 間接磁場導向控制法的架構 33
3-3 電壓空間向量調變 35
3-3-1 基本電壓空間向量 35
3-3-2 磁通鏈的軌跡控制 40
3-3-3 相鄰兩電壓向量的作用時間和零向量作用時間的計算 42
3-4 整合式啟動-發電系統控制方塊 43
3-4-1 直流鏈電壓控制器 45
3-4-2 角度計算方塊圖 45
第四章 系統控制及硬體設計 46
4-1 Microchip數位訊號控制器簡介[10] 46
4-1-1 類比取樣/轉換模組 48
4-1-2 脈波寬度調變模組 50
4-1-3 編碼器模組 52
4-2 系統硬體架構與實作 53
4-2-1 dsPIC控制 55
4-2-2 直流電源與回授 55
4-2-3 霍爾電流感測電路 56
4-2-4 光耦合隔離電路 57
4-2-5 MOSFET驅動電路 59
4-2-6 過電流保護電路 61
4-3 控制程式 62
第五章 模擬與實測結果 65
5-1 PSIM電路模擬軟體簡介 65
5-2 整合式啟動-發電系統之模擬電路 66
5-3 實測與模擬結果分析 72
5-3-1 啟動模式之實測 73
5-3-2 低直流鏈電壓啟動之實測 74
5-3-3 高負載轉矩啟動之實測 76
5-3-4 啟動至發電的模擬分析 77
5-3-5 啟動至發電的實測分析 79
5-3-6 發電模式之穩態實測 80
5-3-7 發電模式之負載變動實測 85
5-3-8 發電模式之轉速步階變化實測 88
5-3-9 發電模式之轉速連續變化實測 89
5-3-10 發電模式之負載切離實測 90
5-3-11 發電模式之動態負載實測 92
5-3-12 發電模式之其他負載實測 94
第六章 結論與未來研究方向 96
6-1 結論 96
6-2 建議與未來研究方向 97
參考文獻 98
作者簡介 101
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