跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(34.226.244.254) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/08/03 01:32
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:侯佳伶
研究生(外文):Chia-Lin Ho
論文名稱:以模擬最佳化進行漁網製造之精實拉式生產系統研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on the lean pull system for fishing-net manufacturing using simulation optimization
指導教授:楊大和楊大和引用關係
指導教授(外文):Ta-ho Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:製造工程研究所碩博士班
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:接單式生產模擬最佳化精實拉式生產漁網製造價值流圖
外文關鍵詞:Make-To-OrderSimulation OptimizationFishing-Net ManufacturingVSMLean Pull System
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:364
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
漁網產業屬於高度客製化(Make-to-order)生產環境,不同訂單其網片材質、大小及編織方式等皆不同。製造過程中,不同材質產品有不同作業時間,產品流動為非固定(大小、重量不一致)的狀況。在需求不確定、產品差異大且不易預測之生產環境下,推式生產不僅難以控制生產計劃,各製程間生產資訊獨立,延遲訂單交期導致服務水準降低,更造成大量在製品(Work-in-process,WIP)堆積。
本研究以精實觀點,針對漁網製造特性,設立兩個單元負載的切割方式以作為單位一致的評估,提出結合看板(Kanban)與超級市場(Supermaket)的精實拉式生產系統,使製程間生產資訊連結,改善作業方式,並藉由模擬最佳化方法求解最佳生產控制方案,用以提高服務水準,並降低在製品數量。同時提出結合精實拉式概念與價值流圖(Value Stream Map,VSM)之指導程序,此程序從定義產品價值開始,經由現況價值流圖的繪製找出浪費所在,以此為改善的契機並繪製未來理想價值流圖作為改善方案的依據。
最後導入精實拉式生產系統至一個實際案例,經結果比較分析發現,現況圖在產出不變的情況下,以情境:基準節拍工程為組合製程_單元負載為100公斤_生產順序為交期日早者優先安排,為所有情境中最佳。其服務水準績效比較,分別從67.62%增加至88.42%,提升20.80%;及66.93%增加至88.42%,提升21.49%。系統平均WIP總重量績效比較,亦從63971公斤減少至25300公斤,改善60.45%;及57700公斤減少至25300公斤,改善56.15%。其生產前置時間從原先的44.86天(情境:推式生產_單元負載為10m×1m_生產順序為交期日早者優先安排)及41.15天(情境:推式生產_單元負載為100公斤_生產順序為交期日早者優先安排),縮小至33.51天,分別改善25.30%及18.57%。由此可知,藉由導入精實拉式生產系統來控制系統內的生產管理,可有效改善系統中的浪費,進而增加企業的競爭力。
The fishing-net industry is in Make-to-order environment. Different order form its net material, the size and the knitting way are all different. Because in demand uncertainty, using push system will cause the mass work-in-process(WIP), therefore needed other way avoid the situation.
This paper consider about product flowing type for non-fixed(calls the variable unitload)on fishing-net manufacturing, and set up two kind of unit-load(area and weight). The proposed a lean pull system, combining Kanban system and Supermarket, which is applying value stream mapping methodoloty in a fishing-net manufacturing case study under demand uncertainty. By using simulation optimization to solve supermarket design problem,with improves the waste which WIP in the system, enhances the service level.
This paper also proposes to use Womack’s lean thinking and Rother’s 7 guiding principles procedure as applying the lean pull system. The proposed procedure is illustrated to begin value, to address the critical improvement point through the current value stream mapping, and to draw the future value stream mapping for implement the improved alternative.
Finally, implemented the proposed procedure to a real-world fishing-net manufacturing case study. After compared current-state map and future-state map, the results indicated that the optimal solution could reduce the WIP respectively from 63971 kg reductions to 25300 kg, improves 60.45%, and 57700 kg reductions to 25300 kg, improve 56.15%. The service level respectively from 67.62% increase to 88.42%, improves 20.80%, and 66.93% increase to 88.42%, improves 21.4%. The cycle time from original 44.86 days and 41.15 days, reduces to 33.51 days, improves 25.30% separately and 18.57%.
摘要 ii
Abstract iv
致謝 vi
目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 xii
1. 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究流程 3
1.4 論文架構 4
2. 文獻探討 5
2.1 精實生產系統 5
2.2 精實拉式生產系統發展要點 14
2.3 離散事件模擬 18
3. 精實拉式生產系統發展 26
3.1 現況分析 26
3.2 繪製現況價值流圖 34
3.3 導入精實拉式生產系統與繪製未來理想狀態圖 44
3.4 建構模擬模式 52
3.5 尋找最佳解 52
3.6 情境分析 54
4. 模擬分析 55
4.1 建構現況模擬模式 55
4.2 建構未來理想狀態模擬模式 66
4.3 尋找最佳解 73
4.4 情境分析 75
5. 結論與建議 81
5.1 結論 81
5.2 未來研究與建議 82
參考文獻 84
附錄A 機台相關資訊 87
附錄B 實驗參數設定 88
附錄C 各情境最佳化搜尋過程 90
附錄D 價值溪流符號說明 101
周耀烋、蘇偉成,民91,台灣漁具漁法,行政院農業委員會漁業署,臺北。
楊大和、謝瓊嬉,民97,電子業向汽車業取經-精實生產在TFT-LCD產業成功的應用,品質月刊,民國97年,9月。
楊大和、謝瓊嬉,民97,綜觀「精實系統」的原理、工具及組織,品質月刊,民國97年,11月。
Abdulmalek, F.A. and Rajgopal, J., 2007, Analyzing the benefits of lean manufacturing and value stream mapping via simulation: a pricess sector case study, Internation Journal of Production Economics, 107, 223-236.
Banks J., Carson II J.s., and Nelson B.L., 1996, Discrete-Event System Simulation, 2nd edition, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ.
Braglia, M., Carmignani, G., and Zammori, F., 2006, A new value stream mapping approach for complex production systems, International Journal of Production Research, 44, 3929-3952.
Browning, T.R. and Heath, R.D., 2009, Reconceptualizing the effects of effect of production costs with evidence from the F-22 program, Journal of Operations Management, 27, 23-44.
Chan, F.T.S., 2001, Effect of kanban size on just-in-time manufacturing systems, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, 116 (2-3), 146-160.
Glover, F., Kelly, J.P., and Laguna, M., 1996, New advances and application of combining simulation and optimization, Proceedings of the 28th Conference on Winter Simulation, 144-152
Glover, F. and Laguna, M., 1997, Tabu Search, Springer, Boston.
Glover, F., Laguna, M., and Mart��, R., 2003, Advances in Evolutionary Computation: Theory and Applications, A. Ghosh and S. Tsutsui (Eds.), Springer, New York.
Glover, F., Laguna, M., and Marti, R., 2000, Fundamentals of scatter search and path relinking, Control and Cybernetics, 29, 653-684.
Hopp, W.j. and Spearman, M.L., 2001, Factory Physics, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, Boston.
Kelton, W.D., Sadowski, R.P., and Sturrock, D.T., 2007, Simulation with Arena, 4th edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Laguna, M. and Marti, R., 2003, Scatter Search: Methodology and Implementations in C, Springer, Boston.
Liker, J.K. and Meier, D., 2004, The Toyota Way Fieldbook: a Practical Guide for Implementing Toyota's 4Ps, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Marchwinski, C. and Shook, J., 2003, Lean Lexicon: a Graphical Glossary for Lean Thinkers, Lean Enterprise Institute, Brookline.
Monden, Y., 1998, Toyota Production System: an Integrated Approach to Just-in-Time, 3rd edition, Engineering and Management Press, Norcross.
Nicholas, J. and Soni, A., 2006, The Portal to Lean Production: Principles and Practices for Doing More with Less, Taylor and Francis Group, Boca Raton.
Pegden, C.D., Sadowski, R.P., and Shannon, R.E., 1995, Introduction to Simulation Using SIMAN, 2nd edition, McGraw-Hill, New York.
Ravald, A. and Gronroos, C., 1996, The value concept and relationship marketing, European Journal of Marketing, 30, 19-30.
Rother, M. and Shook, J., 1998, Learning to See: Value Stream Mapping to Add Value and Eliminate Muda, Version1.3, Lean Enterprise Institute, Brookline.
Serrano L., I., Castro R. D., and Laburu C. O., 2009, Extent of the use of Lean concepts proposed for a value stream mapping application, Production Planning and Control, 20, 82-98
Smalley, A., 2004, Creating Level Pull, Lean Enterprise Institute, Brookline.
Sweeney, J.C. and Soutar, G.N., 2001, Consumer perceived value: the development of a multiple item scale, Journal of Retailing, 77, 203-220.
Vaughan, T.S., 2007, Cyclical schedules vs. dynamic sequencing: replenishment dynamics and inventory efficiency, International Journal of Production Economics, 107, 518-527.
Womack, J.P. and Jones, D.T., 1994, From lean production to the lean enterprise, Harvard Business Review, 72, 93-103.
Womack, J.P. and Jones, D.T., 1996, Lean Thinking: Banish Waste and Create Wealth in Your Corporation, Simon and Schuster, New York.
Womack, J.P. and Jones, D.T., 1996, Lean Thinking: Banish Waste and Create Wealth in Your Corporation, Simon and Schuster, New York.
Yang, T., Fu, H.P., and Yang, K.Y., 2007, An evolutionary-simulation approach for the optimization of multi-constant work-in-process strategy—a case study, International Journal of Production Economics, 107, 104-114.
Yang, T., Kuo, Y., and Chou, P., 2005, Solving a multiresponse simulation problem using a dual-response system and scatter search method, Simulation Modelling Practice and Theory, 13, 356-369.
Yang, T., Lin, H.C., and Chen, M.L., 2006, Metamodeling approach in solving the machine parameters optimization problem using neural network and genetic algorithms: a case study, Robotics and Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 22, 322-331.
Zeithaml, V.A., 1988, Consumer perceptions of price, quality, and value: a means-end model and synthesis of evidence, Journal of Marketing, 52, 2-22.
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top