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研究生:王佩凡
研究生(外文):Pei-Fan Wang
論文名稱:桌球正手擊球能量消耗分析—三軸加速規與氣體分析儀之比較
論文名稱(外文):Energy Expenditure during Forehand Table-Tennis Trial—Comparison between RT3 Triaxial Accelerometer and Indirect Calorimetry
指導教授:傅麗蘭傅麗蘭引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Lan Fu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:運動科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:運動科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:能量消耗桌球正手擊球三軸加速規
外文關鍵詞:energy expenditureTable-tennisTriaxial accelerometer
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研究目的:本研究目的為一、探討RT3三軸加速規與氣體分析儀在桌球正手擊球運動測驗間之相關性;二、檢驗不同送球頻率的桌球正手運動中,RT3是否可以區辨出之間的差異;三、探討三軸加速規RT3不同配戴位置與氣體分析儀數值之差異。研究方法:受試者為20名健康男性桌球選手,平均年齡20.25 ± 1.65歲,過去半年無任何上肢傷害。受試者進行三種不同送球頻率的桌球正手擊球測驗,將RT3配戴於下背部、肩關節、肘關節、腕關節等四個位置,並同時以氣體分析儀量測運動時的能量消耗。受試者隨機進行60球/分鐘、75球/分鐘、90球/分鐘三種送球頻率的正手擊球測驗連續5分鐘,各實驗之間間隔5分鐘以上。實驗5分鐘內記錄RT3三軸向量及能量消耗預估值,而氣體分析儀則記錄運動過程中相對耗氧量。統計方法以皮爾森相關係數(Pearson correlation coefficient)來分析兩種儀器參數間的相關性,再以單因子變異數分析(one-way ANOVA)分析RT3與氣體分析儀在不同送球頻率測驗間及RT3在不同位置間的差異性。結果:在三種不同測試中,RT3配戴在肘關節和腕關節所測得之參數與氣體分析儀之耗氧量呈現中度到高度的相關性(r = 0.39~0.75, p < .01)。在三種不同的送球頻率測驗中,兩種儀器所測得的能量消耗及向量大小,會隨著送球頻率的增加而提升,且各送球頻率間皆有顯著差異。RT3在同樣送球頻率測驗中四個位置的比較,所測得的數值依小至大順序為下背部、肘關節、肩關節、腕關節。在60球/分鐘和75球/分鐘的測驗中,四個位置彼此間皆有顯著差異(p < .05),但在90球/分鐘的測驗裡,僅有肩關節與肘關節並無顯著差異,其他位置間皆有顯著差異(p < .05)。結論:RT3應用在桌球正手擊球測驗中與氣體分析儀有中至高度的相關性,可區辨不同送球頻率的測驗,同時配戴於肘關節位置較佳。

Purpose: The purposes of this study were to investigate the correlation between RT3 triaxial accelerometer and indirect calorimetry measurements; to compare data from three different stroke frequencies and from RT3 worn at different anatomic locations. Method: Twenty young healthy male table-tennis athletes (20.25 ± 1.65 years) with no known history of upper limbs injuries in the previous 6 months volunteered to participate in this study. The triaxial accelerometer (RT3, Stayhealthy, Inc.) and indirect calorimetry (SensorMedics, Vmax 29) were used simultaneously to measure the energy expenditure and oxygen consumption during exercise. Four accelerometers were attached at lower back (L3), dominant side of shoulder, elbow, and wrist. Each subject randomly adopted tree forehand table-tennis trials at frequency of 60 balls/min, 75 balls/min, 90 balls/min for 5 minutes. Pearson correlation coefficient was used to examine the correlation between the RT3 and indirect calorimetry measurements. One-way ANOVA was used to test any significant difference among three stoke frequencies and four RT3 locations. Result: Correlations between RT3 energy consumption and indirect calorimetry, RT3 vector magnitude and indirect calorimetry(for RT3 at elbow and wrist) are moderate to high (r = 0.39~0.75, p < .01). All parameters were lower for 60 balls/min than 75balls/min and 90 balls/min in all test conditions. For all test conditions, the vector magnitude and energy expenditure measured by RT3 were lowest at the low back than elbow, shoulder and wrist (low back < elbow < shoulder < wrist). No statistically significant difference were found between RT3 at shoulder and elbow.Conclusion: We concluded that RT3 was suitable in distinguishing different forehand table-tennis stroke frequency across all wearing locations and had moderate to high correlation with indirect calorimetry.
第壹章 緒論....................................1
第一節 研究背景................................1
第二節 研究動機................................2
第三節 研究目的................................3
第四節 研究假設................................3
第五節 研究範圍與限制..........................3
第六節 名詞解釋與操作性定義....................4
第貳章 文獻探討................................6
第一節 桌球正手擊球動作相關文獻探討............6
第二節 運動能量消耗測量之相關文獻.............10
第三節 加速規活動量評估之相關文獻.............19
第四節 文獻總結...............................25
第參章 研究方法...............................26
第一節 研究對象...............................26
第二節 實驗時間...............................26
第三節 實驗器材與設備.........................26
第四節 實驗方法與步驟.........................28
第五節 資料處理與統計分析.....................32
第肆章 結果...................................34
第一節 受試者基本資料.........................34
第二節 桌球正手擊球測驗中RT3三軸加速規與氣體分 析儀之間的相關性.............................................35
第三節 RT3三軸加速規與氣體分析儀在不同送球頻率之結果...........................................39
第四節 RT3三軸加速規配戴於不同位置之結果......42
第伍章 討論...................................45
第一節 探討RT3三軸加速規與間接量熱計之間的相關性 ......................................45
第二節 RT3三軸加速規與間接量熱計在不同送球頻率測驗間的比較.....................................48
第三節 RT3三軸加速規配戴在不同位置間的比較....50
第四節 迴歸公式...............................53
第陸章 結論與建議.............................55
參考文獻.......................................56
附錄一.........................................66
附錄二.........................................69

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