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研究生:阮娜娜
研究生(外文):Nguyen, Thi Nga
論文名稱:外人直接投資越南的決定因素
論文名稱(外文):Determinants of Foreign Direct Investment in Vietnam
指導教授:虞孝成虞孝成引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu, Hsiao Cheng
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:科技管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:FDIVietnammaket-seekingresource-seeking
外文關鍵詞:FDIVietnammaket-seekingresource-seeking
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Although Vietnam has attracted lots of foreign direct investment (FDI) over last two decades, Vietnam still suffers from a trade deficit with China which has become an export-oriented economy. As a way to diagnose this problem, this study aims to examine the determinants of foreign direct investments (FDI) in Vietnam, focused particularly on differences between two groups of top investors: Asian and non-Asian countries. The panel data regression model was built for each group of investors considering four determinants: relative gross domestic product (GDP), openness by adding exports and imports, relative wages, and relative exchange rates between Vietnam and FDI home countries. We selected these four determinants out of seven candidates based on step-wise regression modeling by SAS. According to the results, Asian investors’ FDI showed a significant positive relationship with relative GDP and openness, but a significant negative relationship with relative wages and relative exchange rates. Non-Asian investors’ FDI showed a significant positive relationship with relative GDP, but a significant negative relationship with relative wage. Openness and relative exchange rates were insignificant for non-Asian investors. From these results, we conclude that, in Vietnam, Asian investors are market-seeking FDI and resources-seeking for which market size or rate of return are important when deciding whether to invest. Non-Asian investors are rather efficiency-seeking FDI for which low cost of labor and/or infrastructure is more important than market openness and/or exchange rate. These results imply that the largest investors in Vietnam, Asian investors, have invested in Vietnam as a way to expand markets for their products. Related data also supports conclusions from our study.
Keywords – Vietnam, foreign direct investment, market-seeking FDI, efficiency-seeking FDI
Although Vietnam has attracted lots of foreign direct investment (FDI) over last two decades, Vietnam still suffers from a trade deficit with China which has become an export-oriented economy. As a way to diagnose this problem, this study aims to examine the determinants of foreign direct investments (FDI) in Vietnam, focused particularly on differences between two groups of top investors: Asian and non-Asian countries. The panel data regression model was built for each group of investors considering four determinants: relative gross domestic product (GDP), openness by adding exports and imports, relative wages, and relative exchange rates between Vietnam and FDI home countries. We selected these four determinants out of seven candidates based on step-wise regression modeling by SAS. According to the results, Asian investors’ FDI showed a significant positive relationship with relative GDP and openness, but a significant negative relationship with relative wages and relative exchange rates. Non-Asian investors’ FDI showed a significant positive relationship with relative GDP, but a significant negative relationship with relative wage. Openness and relative exchange rates were insignificant for non-Asian investors. From these results, we conclude that, in Vietnam, Asian investors are market-seeking FDI and resources-seeking for which market size or rate of return are important when deciding whether to invest. Non-Asian investors are rather efficiency-seeking FDI for which low cost of labor and/or infrastructure is more important than market openness and/or exchange rate. These results imply that the largest investors in Vietnam, Asian investors, have invested in Vietnam as a way to expand markets for their products. Related data also supports conclusions from our study.
Keywords – Vietnam, foreign direct investment, market-seeking FDI, efficiency-seeking FDI
ABSTRACT iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv
List of Tables vii
List of Figures viii
CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 An Overview 1
1.2 Research Questions 2
1.3 Contributions 4
1.4 Research Design 5
1.5 Research Procedure 5
CHAPTER II FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT AND THE ECONOMY IN VIETNAM 7
2.1 The Vietnamese Economy: An overview 8
2.2 Policies and Trends 12
2.3 Vietnam FDI Sectoral, Regional and Source Countries Distribution 16
2.4 Findings of Vietnam FDI 21
CHAPTER III LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK 23
3.1 Theoretical Approaches to FDI 23
3.2 Determinants of FDI flows 27
3.3 Theoretical Framework 28
CHAPTER IV HYPOTHESIS, MODEL SPECIFICATION, AND METHODOLOGY 35
4.1 Hypothesis 35
4.2 Data 38
4.3 Model Specification 41
CHAPTER V EMPIRICAL RESULTS AND ANALYSIS 45
5.1 Empirical results – Determinants of FDI in Vietnam 45
5.2 Discussions and Policy Implications 49
CHAPTER VI CONCLUSION 57
APPENDIX 60
REFERENCES 70
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