跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.200.27.215) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/04/24 17:25
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:黃文哲
研究生(外文):Huang, Wen-Che
論文名稱:反式結構之透明有機太陽能電池
論文名稱(外文):Transparent Polymer Solar Cells Prepared with an Inverted Structure
指導教授:陳方中陳方中引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chen, Fang-Chung
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:顯示科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:高分子太陽能電池反式結構透明電極
外文關鍵詞:Polymer Solar cellsInverted StructureTransparent Electrode
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:390
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
在本論文中,我們嘗試用多層結構製作反式結構有機太陽能電池的透明電極,利用了MoO3(三氧化鉬)/Al(鋁)/Au(金)實現了高穿透性的多層導電電極結構,在可見光波段的穿透度可以達到50 %以上。由實驗結果,我們發現在有機主動層和金之間加入一層鋁可以有效的改善電極的穿透度和導電度。元件下吸光時開路電壓為0.57 V,短路電流密度為8.63 mA/cm2,填充因子可達0.565,而功率轉換效率可以達到2.78 %,而上吸光時的開路電壓為0.55 V,短路電流密度為3.83 mA/cm2,填充因子為0.514,而功率轉換效率可以達到1.08 %。
We have demonstrated an inverted polymer solar cell, having a multi-layer structure anode. The semi-transparent anode consists of the following structure: MoO3/Al/Au. In the visible spectrum, the transmittance of the anode can is as high as 50 %. We found that inserting a thin Al layer between the organic layer and Au can improve the transmittance and conductivity of the semi-transparent anode. The photovoltaic device exhibited an open circuit voltage(Voc) of 0.57 V, short circuit current density(Jsc) of 8.63 mA/cm2, fill factor(FF) of 0.565, and power conversion efficiency(PCE) of 2.78 % when the light was incident from the ITO side (bottom light-harvested).On the other hand, the Voc was 0.55 V, Jsc was 3.83 mA/cm2, FF was 0.514, and PCE was 1.08 % when the light was incident from the semi-transparent anode (top light-harvested).
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌 謝 III
目 錄 IV
表 目 錄 VI
圖 目 錄 VII
第一章 序論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 有機太陽能電池起源 3
1.3 有機高分子太陽能電池工作原理 5
1.4 有機高分子太陽能電池基本特性分析 8
1.4.1 開路電壓 8
1.4.2 短路電流 10
1.4.3 填充因子 10
1.4.4 等效電路及其他參數 11
1.4.5 光電轉換效率、IPCE 12
1.4.6 光場分佈 13
1.5 高分子太陽能電池發展 17
1.5.1 單層結構 17
1.5.2 雙層異質接面 18
1.5.3 混合總體異質接面 19
1.5.4 透明電極之相關研究 20
1.5.5 反式結構 25
第二章 研究動機與目的 26
第三章 實驗架構 27
3.1 實驗材料與儀器 27
3.1.1 實驗材料 27
3.1.2 實驗儀器 31
3.2 元件製作流程 34
第四章 實驗結果與討論 39
4.1 Al/Au結構之透明電極元件 39
4.1.1 元件表現 39
4.1.2 透明電極的特性分析 43
4.1.3 光場強度模擬 46
4.2 透明電極 48
4.2.1 Ag和Au透明電極 48
4.2.2 不同Au厚度之透明電極 57
第五章 結論與未來展望 64
5.1 結論 64
5.2 未來展望 64
第六章 參考文獻 66
1 M. A. Green, K. Emery, D. L. King, Y. Hishikawa, W. Warta, SHORT COMMUNICATION Solar cell efficiency tables (version 28). Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2006. 14(5): p. 455-461.
2 J. M. Nunzi, Organic photovoltaic materials and devices. Comptes Rendus Physique, 2002. 3(4): p. 523.
3 F. C. Krebs, H. Spanggard, T. Kjar, M. Biancardo and J. Alstrup, Large area plastic solar cell modules. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 2007. 138(2): p. 106.
4 H. Spanggaard and F. C. Krebs, A brief history of the development of organic and polymeric photovoltaics. Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, 2004. 83(2-3): p. 125.
5 C. W. Tang, Two-layer organic photovoltaic cell. Applied Physics Letters, 1986. 48(2): p. 183.
6 N. S. Sariciftci, L. Smilowitz, A. J. Heeger and F. Wudl, Semiconducting polymers (as donors) and buckminsterfullerene (as acceptor): photoinduced electron transfer and heterojunction devices. Synthetic Metals, 1993. 59(3): p. 333.
7 G. Yu, K. Pakbaz and A. J. Heeger, Semiconducting polymer diodes: Large size, low cost photodetectors with excellent visible-ultraviolet sensitivity. Applied Physics Letters, 1994. 64(25): p. 3422.
8 G. Yu, J. Gao, J. C. Hummelen, F. Wudl and A. J. Heeger, Polymer Photovoltaic Cells: Enhanced Efficiencies via a Network of Internal Donor-Acceptor Heterojunctions. Science, 1995. 270(5243): p. 1789-1791.
9 C. J. Brabec, N. S. Sariciftci and J. C. Hummelen, Plastic Solar Cells. Advanced Functional Materials, 2001. 11(1): p. 15-26.
10 G. Li, V. Shrotriya, J. Huang, Y. Yao, T. Moriarty, K. Emery and Y. Yang, High-efficiency solution processable polymer photovoltaic cells by self-organization of polymer blends. Nat Mater, 2005. 4(11): p. 864.
11 W. Ma, C. Yang, X. Gong, K. Lee, and A. J. Heeger, Thermally Stable, Efficient Polymer Solar Cells with Nanoscale Control of the Interpenetrating Network Morphology. Advanced Functional Materials, 2005. 15(10): p. 1617-1622.
12 C. J. Ko, Y. K. Lin, C. W. Chu and F. C. Chen, Modified buffer layers for polymer photovoltaic devices. Applied Physics Letters, 2007. 90(6): p. 063509.
13 Siemens, from http://www.siemens.com/.
14 A. Moliton and J. M. Nunzi, How to model the behaviour of organic photovoltaic cells. Polymer International, 2006. 55(6): p. 583-600.
15 J. J. M. Halls, K. Pichler, R. H. Friend, S. C. Moratti and A. B. Holmes, Exciton diffusion and dissociation in a poly(p-phenylenevinylene)/C60 heterojunction photovoltaic cell. Applied Physics Letters, 1996. 68(22): p. 3120.
16 S. M. Sze, SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES Physics and Technology 2nd Edition. 2002: p. 108.
17 C. J. Brabec, A. Cravino, D. Meissner, N. S. Sariciftci, T. Fromherz, M. T. Rispens, L. Sanchez and J. C. Hummelen, Origin of the Open Circuit Voltage of Plastic Solar Cells. Advanced Functional Materials, 2001. 11(5): p. 374-380.
18 B. P. Rand, J. Genoe, P. Heremans and J. Poortmans, Solar cells utilizing small molecular weight organic semiconductors. Progress in Photovoltaics: Research and Applications, 2007. 15(8): p. 659-676.
19 B. O’Connor, K. H. An and K. P. Pipe, Enhanced optical field intensity distribution in organic photovoltaic devices using external coatings. Applied Physics Letters, 2006. 89(23): p.233502
20 J. Y. Kim, S. H. Kim, H. H. Lee, K. Lee, W. Ma, X. Gong and A. J. Heeger, New architecture for high-efficiency polymer photovoltaic cells using solution-based titanium oxide as an optical spacer. Advanced Materials, 2006. 18(5): p.572-576
21 L. A. A. Pettersson, L. S. Roman and O. Inganäs, Modeling photocurrent action spectra of photovoltaic devices based on organic thin-films. Journal of Applied Physics, 1999. 86(1): p. 487
22 A. K.Ghosh and T. Feng, Merocynanine organic solar cells. Journal of Applied Physics, 1978. 49(12): p. 5982.
23 G. Yu, C. Zhang and A. J. Heeger, Dual-function semiconducting polymer devices: Light-emitting and photodetecting diodes. Applied Physics Letters, 1994. 64(12): p. 1540.
24 N. S. Sariciftci, L. Smilowitz, A. J. Heeger and F. Wudl, Photoinduced Electron Transfer from a Conducting Polymer to Buckminsterfullerene. Science, 1992. 258(5087): p. 1474-1476.
25 A. Yakimov and S. R. Forrest, High photovoltage multiple-heterojunction organic solar cells incorporating interfacial metallic nanoclusters. Applied Physics Letters, 2002. 80(9): p. 1667.
26 V. Shrotriya, E. H. Wu, G. Li, Y. Yao and Y. Yang, Efficient light harvesting in multiple-device stacked structure for polymer solar cells. Applied Physics Letters, 2006. 88(6): p. 064104.
27 G. M. Ng, E. L. Kietzke, T. Kietzke, L. W. Tang, P. K. Liew and F. Zhu, Optical enhancement in semitransparent polymer photovoltaic cells. Applied Physics Letters, 2007. 90(10): p. 103505.
28 T. Oyamada, Y. Sugawara, Y. Terao, H. Sasabe, and C. Adachi, Top light-harvesting organic solar cell using ultrathin Ag/MgAg layer as anode. Japanese Journal of Applied Physics. 2007. 46: p. 1734-1735.
29 G. Li, C. W. Chu, V. Shrotriya, J. Huang and Y. Yang, Efficient inverted polymer solar cells. Applied Physics Letters, 2006. 88(25): p. 253503.
30 D. U. Jin, J. K. Jeong, H. S. Shin, M. K. Kim, T. K. Ahn, S. Y. Kwon, J. H. Kwack, T. W. Kim, Y. G. Mo and H. K. Chung, 5.6-inch flexible full color top emission AMOLED display on stainless steel foil. SID 2006, vol. XXXVII, Book II, p. 1855.
31 A. Chwang. R. Hewitt, K. Urbanik, J. Silvernail, K. Rajan, M. Hack, J. Brown, J. P. Lu, C. Shih, J. Ho, R. Street, T. Ramos, L. Moro, N. Rutherford, K. Tognoni, B. Anderson, D. Huffman, Full color 100dpi AMOLED displays on flexible stainless steel substrate. SID 2006, vol. XXXVII, Book II, p. 1858.
32 Y. Hong, G. Heiler, R. Kerr, A. Z. Kattamis, I. C. Cheng, S. Wagner, Amorphous silicon thin-film transistor backplane on stainless steel foil substrates for AMOLEDs. SID 2006, vol. XXXVII, Book II, p. 1862.
33 J. H. Cheon, S. H. Kim, T. J. Park, Y. K. Lee, J. H. Jur, and J. Jang, A 2.2-in. top-emission AMOLED on flexible metal foil with SOG planarization. SID 2006, vol. XXXVII, Book II, p. 1354.
34 KONARKA, from http://www.konarka.com.
35 J. Huang, G. Li and Y. Yang, A semi-transparent plastic solar cell fabricated by a lamination process, Advanced Materials, 2007. 20(3): p.415-419.
36 T. Chen, X. Wu and R. D. Rieke, Regiocontrolled Synthesis of Poly(3-alkylthiophenes) Mediated by Rieke Zinc: Their Characterization and Solid-State Properties. J. Am. Chem. Soc., 1995. 117(1): p. 233-244.
37 V. Shrotriya, G. Li, Y. Yao, C. W. Chu, Y. Yang, Transition metal oxides as the buffer layer for polymer photovoltaic cells. Applied Physics Letters, 2006. 88(7): p.073508.
38 PerkinElmer, from http://www.perkinelmer.com/.
39 V. Shrotriya, G. Li, Y. Yao, T. Moriarty, K. Emery and Y. Yang, Accurate Measurement and Characterization of Organic Solar Cells. Advanced Functional Materials, 2006. 16(15): p. 2016-2023.
40 Intermational Electrotechnical Commission, Geneva, Switzerland, Photovoltaic devices Part 1: Measurement of Photovoltaic Current-Voltage Characteristics Standard IEC 60904-1.
41 V. Shrotriya, Y. Yao, G. Li and Y. Yang, Effect of self-organization in polymer/fullerene bulk heterojunctions on solar cell performance. Applied Physics Letters, 2006. 89(6): p. 063505.
42 G. Li, Y. Yao, H. Yang, V. Shrotriya, G. Yang and Y. Yang, "Solvent Annealing" Effect in Polymer Solar Cells Based on Poly(3-hexylthiophene) and Methanofullerenes. Advanced Functional Materials, 2007. 17(10): p. 1636-1644.
43 G. Li, V. Shrotriya, Y. Yao and Y. Yang, Investigation of annealing effects and film thickness dependence of polymer solar cells based on poly(3-hexylthiophene). Journal of Applied Physics, 2005. 98(4): p. 043704.
44 H. E. Wu, S. H. Li, C. W. Chen, G. Li, Z. Xu and Y. Yang, Controlling optical properties of electrodes with stacked metallic thin films for polymeric light-emitting diodes and displays. IEEE/OSA Journal of display technology, 2005. 1(1): p. 105-111
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top