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研究生:林永泓
研究生(外文):Yong-hong Lin
論文名稱:光碟機主軸馬達偏心運轉導致讀取誤差之伺服控制研究
指導教授:潘敏俊
指導教授(外文):Min-chun Pan
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:機械工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:77
中文關鍵詞:FXLMS適應性前饋控制主軸馬達伺服控制
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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光碟片儲存密度與光碟機讀取倍速不斷提昇情況下,伺服控制精確度及主軸馬達轉速皆有提高之必要性;承載光碟片之主軸馬達在高倍速轉動容易發出振動,尤其以光碟片質量分佈不均勻、主軸馬達機構有微量偏心之因素,所造成劇烈振動更為明顯。
光碟機本身雖擁有滾珠自動平衡系統、橡膠阻尼及領先落後補償器,可以減少些許受振動影響之聚焦及定軌誤差;當主軸馬達不存在偏心、滾動摩擦阻力之狀態時,才能有消除徑向振動之效果;橡膠阻尼只能消除特定轉速頻率之振動,對於倍頻振動所產生之誤差,則無法有效達到抑制效果;聚焦及定軌伺服為控制音圈馬達移動光學讀取頭,維持在正確資料軌道上讀取資料。而高倍速主軸馬達偏心旋轉之劇烈振動,將導致聚焦及定軌誤差超過容許誤差範圍,則無法將馬達轉速順利提昇至高倍速讀取。
研究中以濾波型最小均方 (FXLMS) 為基礎,並搭配可變收斂因子 (RVSS) 演算法,以無感測器之適應性前饋控制,增加光碟機讀取性能;經由實驗結果顯示,可有效地抑制轉速頻率與倍頻之讀取誤差,進而改善滾珠自動平衡效果、解決橡膠阻尼只能吸收特定頻率振動干擾、增加光碟機伺服控制精確度、完成讀取倍速上升以提高光碟機傳輸速率。
In the trend of increasing data storage density of the optical disc and reading rate of the DVD drives, it’s necessarily to improve accuracy of servo control system and raise rotation speed of spindle motor. The spindle motor which derives disc easily causes strong vibration in high speed for eccentricity of spindle motor and disc.
There are automatic ball balancing, rubber damper and lead-lag control in the optical disc devices to reduce focusing and tracking error caused by vibration. The automatic ball balancing is capability to eliminate radial vibrations under the conditions that eccentricity, damping and friction are not present for spindle motor. The damper absorber only suppress vibration at a specific frequency and difficult to overcome the focusing and tracking error for the harmonic vibration. The servo control of the optical disc drives controls a voice coil motor which moves an optical pick up head to accurate data track. The strong vibration causes focusing and tracking error arising over the allowed range and leads spindle motor to decrease rotation speed for pick up data.
In the study, the senseless adaptive feedforward control (AFC) which uses RVSS-FXLMS algorithm aids the original servo control system of DVD drives for improving reading performance. The experiment results demonstrate the senseless AFC can successfully eliminate focusing and tracking error arising form the eccentricity of the spindle and overcome the rotation speed is decreased in the strong vibration.
摘 要 I
Abstract II
誌 謝 III
目 錄 IV
圖 目 錄 VI
表 目 錄 IX

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究架構 5

第二章 光碟機伺服控制系統 6
2.1主軸馬達伺服系統 7
2.2聚焦及定軌伺服系統 8
2.2.1聚焦誤差訊號 9
2.2.2定軌誤差訊號 11
2.3 尋軌伺服系統 14

第三章 理論背景 16
3.1 適應性濾波器 16
3.1.1 最小均方適應性演算法 18
3.1.2 濾波型最小均方演算法 20
3.1.3 強健可變收斂因子演算法 22
3.2 主動式控制之概念 23
3.2.1 前饋控制系統 23
3.2.2 回饋控制系統 24
3.3主動控制於光碟機伺服架構 26
第四章 實驗架構與流程 27
4.1 實驗設置與流程 27
4.1.1 實驗裝置 27
4.1.2 實驗驅動電路 30
4.1.3 人機介面 33
4.2 系統鑑別 35
4.2.1聚焦致動器之系統鑑別 35
4.2.2定軌致動器之系統鑑別 37
4.3 改善聚焦與循軌伺服控制 38
4.3.1 模擬結果 46
4.3.2 實驗結果 49
4.4 實驗討論 59
4.5 應用技術分析 60
第五章 結論與未來展望 61
5.1 結論 61
5.2 未來展望 61
參考文獻 62
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