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研究生:廖麗英
研究生(外文):Li-ying Liao
論文名稱:變身怪醫裡的科幻小說意向及其在英語教學上的應用
論文名稱(外文):Science Fiction Aspirations in Jekyll and Hyde and Its Application to English Teaching
指導教授:蔣筱珍蔣筱珍引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsiao-chen Chiang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立彰化師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:168
中文關鍵詞:科幻小說意向科幻小說和語言教學連載小說式文學羅伯特•路易斯•斯蒂文森變身怪醫
外文關鍵詞:science fiction aspirationsscience fiction and language teachingserial- story literatureRobert Louis StevensonThe Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
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中文摘要
本論文探討早期哥德式科幻小說 - 羅伯特•路易斯•斯蒂文森 (Robert Rouis Stevenson)的《變身怪醫》(The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde) 裡的科幻小說的意向,並以本書之簡易本為本探討文學以連載小說的形式融入台灣之國中英語課程之可行性。科幻小說長期以來一直被忽視,事實上,科幻小說在現代社會已經扮演著舉足輕重的角色。它反應了這個社會的現況,讓我們審思我們的文化,我們自己,以及對時代的變化的反應。有鑑於科幻小說的日益重要影響,西方國家學校在幾十年前就已開始實施相關課程 (Williamson, 1980)。這類的課程乃是因應教育學生有能力應付未來任何生活上可能的變化的技能的意識而產生。
第二部分的論文將以連載小說的形式將該書融入國中英語課堂。問卷結果顯示,以連載小說方式將文學融入英語課堂是一個很適當的方式。這個計劃成功地提高了學生的學習興趣以及上英語課的意願。在這兩組裡面,低成就學生表現出對閱讀科幻小說的極大的興趣,而高成就學生則認為這提高了他們的興趣和語言能力。此次實驗也改變了他們對英語文學的錯誤印象,在這之前大部分的學生對英文小說及文學均抱持著「太困難」或「不可能看得懂」的態度,即使是簡易版,大部分的人也都缺乏興趣,也因為這先見為主的錯誤認知,導致了我們中學生英文閱讀不足的問題。 至於學生們對《變身怪醫》這本書的反應,他們認為內容很吸引人,測驗結果顯示兩組在教學後都獲得進步,高成就學生的進步較低成就者多,低成就學生普遍認為單字比較困難。
英文小說或文學作品採用連載小說方式融入英語課程是一個適合而不影響正常教學進度的方式,研究者建議教師們可以先使用較簡單的文本,這些故事內容都是以簡易及不斷重複的句型書寫,學生們閱讀這些文章可以獲得相關的學習句型,教師可逐漸增加難度,之後他們將慢慢不再滿足於閱讀簡易的文章,到時,閱讀一般文學作品自然不會對學生造成太大壓力或產生排斥。
Abstract
This thesis investigates science fiction aspirations through an early Gothic science fiction, Robert Louis Stevenson’s The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and explores the effect of applying the story as a serial-story reading program. Science fiction has long been ignored and regarded as escape literature. In fact, it has played a valuable role in modern society. It serves as a mirror for us to observe our culture, our selves, and our response to changes in our society. As the importance of the genre has grown, schools in western countries have increasingly been implementing science fiction in school curricula (Williamson, 1980). The need for such courses is due to a growing awareness of the importance of educating students with the goal of acquiring adaptive skills for the future to cope with any possible changes in their lives.
The second part of the thesis explores the application of a serial-story program to integrate the book into the classroom. The questionnaire results show that a serial story is a suitable way to integrate a literary work into language classrooms. The program has successfully elevated students’ interest in attending English class. Between the two ability groups, low-achieving students showed a great interest in reading science fiction stories and high-achieving students approved of the effect of enhancing their interest and language ability. The program also changed their misconceptions about English literature, which they had previously regarded as difficult and inaccessible. As to the theme of the story, Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, most of the students regarded it as appealing. The test results show both groups made progress after instruction. Between the two groups, the high-achieving students made higher gains than the low-achieving group. For the low-achieving students, they regarded vocabulary as being especially difficult.
Serial-story reading is an ideal method of introducing students to reading materials which can be integrated into class without influencing the class schedule. We suggest teachers start by integrating easier stories or literature. These stories are written in simple sentence patterns and often recur with great frequency. Students who read these stories can acquire relatively basic structures. Soon these simplified stories will not satisfy the students, and then they will be ready to move onto real literature.
Table of Contents

Chinese Abstract…………… i
English Abstract…………… iii
Acknowledgements…………… v
Table of Contents………… vii

Chapter One Introduction…………… 1
The History of Science Fiction …………………… 1
Literature and Language Teaching…………………… 5
Literature and Language Teaching…………………… 5
Science Fiction and Language Teaching…………… 7
Literature Review of The Strange Case of Dr.
Jekyll and Mr. Hyde……………………………………… 9
Robert Louis Stevenson and His Relationship with Science………………………………………………………… 9
The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde as
Gothic Science Fiction…………………………………… 11
Motivation of the Study………………………………… 14
Science Fiction as Appropriate Teaching Material…… 15
Jekyll and Hyde as Appropriate Teaching Material…… 18
Purpose and Significance of the Study…………………… 19
Organization of the Thesis………………………………… 21
Definition of Terms…………………………………………… 22
Chapter Two Science Fiction Aspirations…………… 25
Creativity and Imagination………………………………… 25
Presenting Alienation………………………………………… 29
Social Commentary……………………………………………… 33
Humanity and Morality………………………………………… 36
Chapter Three Science Fiction Aspirations in Jekyll
and Hyde…………………………………………………………… 41
Creativity and Imagination………………………………… 41
Presenting Alienation………………………………………… 46
Social Commentary……………………………………48 Hypocrisy………………………………………………………… 49
Duplicity and Repression………………………………… 52
Humanity and Morality……………………………… 57
Chapter Four Application of The Strange Case of
Jekyll and Hyde to English Teaching…………………63
Simplified Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde as Meaningful and Comprehensible Input……………………………………… 63
Research Design …………………………………………… 67
Participants………………………………………………… 69
Instruments ………………………………………………… 70
Teaching Procedure………………………………………… 72
Data Collection and Analysis………………………… 75
Chapter Five Analysis and Results of the Teaching Application…………………………………………………… 77
Analysis of Participants’ Background Information…… 77
Analysis of Students’ Beliefs about Novel Reading from Questionnaires……………………………………………… 79
Analysis of Students’ Beliefs about Reading Serial-Story Literature………………………………………………………… 84
Analysis of Students’ Beliefs about Science Fiction ………………………………………………………………………… 87
Analysis of Students’ Attitude about Integrating Jekyll and Hyde ………………………………………………………… 89
Analysis of the Pre-/Posttest…………………………… 92
Interview Results …………………………………………… 94
Chapter Six Conclusion……………………………………… 97
Conclusion of Science Fiction Aspirations………… 97
Major Findings of the Study……………………………… 98
Limitations and Suggestions ……………………………… 104
Bibliography……………………………………………………… 106
Appendices…………………………………………………………… 119
Appendix I Students’ Questionnaire of the Pilot Study…………………………………………………………………… 119
Appendix II Pre-instructional Questionnaire……… 121
Appendix III Post-instructional Questionnaire…… 123
Appendix IV Pre-test………………………………………… 125
Appendix V Post-test……………………………………… 127
Appendix VI Interview Questions……………………… 129
Appendix VII Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll
and Mr. Hyde-1……………………………………………………130
Appendix VIII Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-2…………………………………………………… 132
Appendix IX Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-3…………………………………………………… 133
Appendix X Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-4…………………………………………………… 135
Appendix XI Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-5…………………………………………………… 136
Appendix XII Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-6…………………………………………………… 137
Appendix XIII Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-7…………………………………………………… 138
Appendix XIV Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-8…………………………………………………… 139
Appendix XV Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-9…………………………………………………… 140
Appendix XVI Handout of The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde-10…………………………………………………… 142
Appendix XVII Lesson Plan…………………………………… 143
Appendix XVIII Suggested Teaching Methods…………… 154
Appendix XIX Transcription of the Interviews…… 158
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