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研究生(外文):Pitiya Kumsakun
論文名稱(外文):Preferences and Perceptions of Design Elements of Sinmin Campus at National Chiayi University
指導教授(外文):Jung-Jer TsaiYao-Chung Liu
外文關鍵詞:PreferencePerceptionDesign ElementOpen space
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  實驗一結果顯示,三處廣場中,位於大樓間的廣場的使用頻率最高。在這個廣場中,「走路」與「四處看看」是最常從事的活動,其中「走路」是所有活動中顯著最高的,其p < 0.05。所有廣場中,「經過」是來到這些廣場最主要的原因,其次分別為「打發時間 / 坐著」與「出來戶外 / 空氣新鮮」。多數受測者希望廣場能增加綠化。實驗二結果則顯示,黃色草花與傘形樹的搭配是使用者偏好最高的組合。
Talking about campus plans or design in several countries, the Western design have became main pattern. Whatever the model selected and whatever the site, a campus plan will almost always be the arrangement of buildings with spaces created between them. However, in the master plan, the outdoor open spaces necessary for circulation, study, relaxation and aesthetic pleasure was frequently ignored. It is necessary to find different designs of open spaces with the aim to have some new perceptions for the landscaping. User requirements are the key to get a successful design. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the user activities and preferences in element design of open spaces.
Three plazas at Sinmin campus of National Chiayi University were studied. The campus has an area of 14.91 hectares and is located at the central of Chiayi city, Taiwan. Two studies were presented, study A and B. In the study A, three plazas panoramic photographs were used and the respondents were asked to give rating scales of 1-5 based on the frequency of usage of the plaza and their suggestions for plaza improvement. Plaza usage were analyzed according to user simple activities and requirements in the plazas such as what they usually do there, their reasons to visit those areas, and what are their suggestions to modified the plaza by giving scale to options given.
Study B, on the other hand investigated the user scenic preferences of various simulated element designs of plazas. 48 color pictures of element designs were simulated using various kind of tree model consisted of umbrella form, columnar form, and pyramidal form. Also flower colors consisted of yellow, red and blue, were used. To prevent the bias from the background influence, all pictures of each plaza was taken with the same background.
In the study A, result showed that there is significant difference between each plaza which plaza one (located among school building) was the most used compared with the other plaza. The most frequent activities in three plazas were walking and watching and walking was significantly highest among all activities at p < 0.05. In all plazas, “pass through” were the main reason they use the plaza, the second and third were come to sit and outdoors/fresh air, respectively. Most of respondents preferred “more greenery” for plazas improvement.
Study B, showed that yellow flower and umbrella tree form were the most preferred and their combination had the highest preference than the other combinations.
Abstract viii
1. Introduction 1
 1.1 Research Background 1
 1.2 Research Purposes 3
 1.3 Research Design 4
  1.3.1 Overall experimental design 4
  1.3.2 Experimental design for study B 5
2. Literature Review 7
 2.1 The definition of outdoor open spaces “Plazas” 7
 2.2 The description of landscape preference and perception of forms, and colors of design elements 9
 2.3 The investigation of uses and activities of plazas 12
 2.4 Visual preference techniques 15
 2.5 Photo-questionnaires 18
3. Research Method 20
 3.1 A Study area 20
  3.1.1 Description of three plazas in the study 21
 3.2 Research Hypotheses 22
 3.3 Field photographs 22
  3.3.1 Study A 22
  3.3.2 Study B 23
 3.4 Questionnaires design 23
 3.5 Analysis Method 26
4. Research Analysis and Discussion 27
 4.1 The usages of an open space (activities) 27
  4.1.1 Participants’ characteristics (Study A) 27
  4.1.2 Finding 28
  4.1.3 The gender’s influences to plaza’s usages (Study A) 37
 4.2 The influences of elements design to respondent’s preferences 42
  4.2.1 Characteristics of the sample (Study B) 42
  4.2.2 The different of flower colors and tree forms with original 43
  4.2.3 The preferences of male and female to flower colors and tree forms 49
  4.2.4 The influence of students’ major to flower colors and tree forms preferences 54
5. Conclusion and Discussions 59
 5.1 Discussions 59
 5.2 Conclusions 64
References 66
Appendix I 71
Appendix II 74
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