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研究生:高鈺豐
研究生(外文):Yu-Feng Gao
論文名稱:栽培介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭生長與開花之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Growthing Medium, Fertilizer source and Concentration on Growth and Flowering of Phalaenopsis
指導教授:沈再木沈再木引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tsai-Mu Shen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:園藝學系研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:園藝學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:蝴蝶蘭介質肥料種類肥料濃度
外文關鍵詞:PhalaenopsisMediumFetilizer sourceFterlizer concentration
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栽培介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭生長與開花之影響
摘要

本研究以不同介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭生長與開花之影響。出瓶苗以樹皮混合水苔2:1、4:1(v/v)、歐洲蝴蝶蘭幼苗專用混合介質(BVB-1)及樹皮栽植於方型植栽盤90天,分別施用Peters 20N-20P2O5-20K2O 0.33 g/L、0.66 g/L及Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L,而對照組以栽植於4.5 cm盆之水苔施用Peters 20-20-20 0.66 g/L。結果顯示Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’以BVB-1施用Peters 20-20-20 0.66 g/L,其地上部乾鮮重與總葉面積顯著高於其它處理;根長以樹皮施用Peters 20-20-20 0.33 g/L較長。Doritaenopsis {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}以水苔栽植之葉數、地上部鮮重及總葉面積較高。各處理栽培90天後移植至10.5 cm盆,其中BVB-1改為歐洲蝴蝶蘭大苗專用混合介質(BVB-2)。結果顯示Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’以2:1(v/v)施用Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L,其葉片數、地上部鮮重及總葉面積較高;Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}以4:1(v/v)施用Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L較高。各處理栽培229天後移至日/夜溫19/19℃進行催花,二供試品種之抽梗與開花天數皆以栽植於水苔為最短,Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’以4:1(v/v)施用Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L花朵數較高(10.67朵);Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}以4:1(v/v)施用Peters 20-20-20 0.66 g/L為較高(7.78朵)。綜合本試驗結果,Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’於2:1(v/v)施用Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L與 Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}於4:1(v/v)施用Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L之栽培模式,植株營養生長之葉數與總葉面積皆顯著高於其他處理,且開花表現達商業販售標準,可作為實際栽培參考。
Effects of Growing Medium, Fertilizer Source and Concentration on Growth and Flowering of Phalaenopsis

Abstract
This study aimed to explore effect of medium, fertilizer source and concentration on growth and flowering of Phalaenopsis hybrids. Deflasked plantlet were transplanted to nursery tray for 90 days after ex vitro. Plant were grown in bark : sphagnum 2:1, 4:1(v/v), BVB-1 and bark with fertigated Peters 20N-20P2O5-20K2O 0.33 g/L,0.66 g/L and Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L. Sphagnum moss were transplanted to 4.5 cm pot with Peters 20-20-20 0.66 g L-1. The results showed that Phalaenopsis Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’ were grown in BVB-1 with Peters 20-20-20 0.66 g/L have the higher shoot fresh and dry weight and total leaf area than other treatment. Root length is the highest in bark with the Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L. The higher of leaf number , shoot fresh weight and total leaf area of Doritaenopsis {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine} were grown in sphagnum moss. Plants transplanted to 10.5 cm pot after 90 days. Both of cultivars were grown in the same medium, except the BVB-1 change to BVB-2. The results showed that plants grown in 2:1(v/v) medium with Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L produced more leaf number, shoot fresh weigh and total leaf area. While Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine} were grown in 4:1(v/v) medium with Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g L-1 is the higher than other treatment. Plants were moved to day/night 19/19℃ after 229 days, both of the cultivars, when grown in sphagnum moss, the days to flower stalk emergence and flowering were had short period than others treatment. Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’ were grown in 4:1(v/v) medium with Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L, and Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine} were grown in 4:1(v/v) medium with Peters 20-20-20 0.66 g/L had high number of flowers. Comprehensive, Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’ were grown in 2:1(v/v) medium and Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine} were grown in 4:1(v/v) medium with Peters 30-10-10 0.66 g/L that had higher leaf number, total leaf area of vegetative growth. The total number of flower and flower performance could reach the standard of commercial value.
目錄(Content)

壹、前言(Introduction) 1
貳、前人研究(Literature Review) 2
ㄧ、台灣蝴蝶蘭之生產栽培模式 2
二、荷蘭anthura生產蝴蝶蘭之栽培模式 3
三、蝴蝶蘭之根部型態 3
四、蝴蝶蘭葉部型態與生育 4
五、蘭科植物之栽培介質及特性 4
(一)樹皮(Bark) 5
(二)水苔(Sphagnum) 5
(三)椰纖(Coconut dust) 6
六、栽培介質之物理特性 6
(一)介質保水力(Water holding capacity) 6
(二)總孔隙度(Total porosity, TP) 7
(三)容器容水量(Container capacity, CC) 7
(四)總體密度(Bulk density, BD) 8
七、栽培介質之化學特性 8
(一)酸鹼性 8
(二)電導度 10
八、葉綠素之相對量(SPAD) 11
九、蝴蝶蘭黃葉病之發生原因探討 12
十、肥料對蝴蝶蘭營養生長與生殖生長之影響 12
(一)肥料對蝴蝶蘭營養生長之影響 12
(二)肥料對蝴蝶蘭生殖生長之影響 13
十一、溫度對蝴蝶蘭營養生長與生殖生長之影響 14
(一)溫度對蝴蝶蘭營養生長之影響 14
(二)溫度對蝴蝶蘭生殖生長之影響 15
參、材料方法(Material and Methods) 18
ㄧ、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭出瓶苗營養生長之影響 18
二、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭移植至10.5 cm盆栽培229天中苗
營養生長之影響 19
三、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭大苗生殖生長之影響 20
四、試驗場所(Growing Location) 20
五、測量項目與方法(Measurement Items and Method) 21
六、數據分析(Data analysis) 24
肆、結果(Result) 25
一、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭營養生長之影響 25
(一)不同栽培介質物理特性之分析 25
(二) 介質、肥料種類及濃度對出瓶苗營養生長之影響 25
1.介質、肥料種類及濃度對出瓶苗地上部生長之影響 26
2.介質、肥料種類及濃度對出瓶苗地下部生長之影響 28
3.介質、肥料種類及濃度對出瓶苗介質pH與EC之影響 29
二、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭移植至10.5 cm盆中苗栽植229天
營養生長之影響 30
1.介質、肥料種類及濃度對中苗栽植229天地上部生長之影響 30
2.介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭中苗栽植229天地下部生長之影
響 34
3.介質、肥料種類及濃度對中苗介質pH與EC之影響 35
三、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭大苗生殖生長之影響 36
1.介質、肥料種類及濃度對大苗對移至日/夜溫19/19℃抽梗表現之
影響 36
2.介質、肥料種類及濃度對大苗對移至日/夜溫19/19℃開花表現之
影響 37
伍、討論(Discussion) 84
一、介質、肥料種類及濃度對蝴蝶蘭營養生長之影響 84
(一)不同栽培介質物理特性之分析 84
(二)介質、肥料種類及濃度對出瓶苗營養生長之影響 84
(三)介質、肥料種類及濃度對移植至10.5 cm 盆栽培229天之影響
86
(四)介質、肥料種類及濃度對介質pH與EC值之影響 89
二、介質、肥料種類及濃度對移植後栽培229天生殖生長之影響 90
陸、參考文獻(References) 93






表目次(List of Table)

表 1.不同介質物理特性分析 39
表 2.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’出瓶後小苗葉幅、葉長及葉寬之影響 40
表 3.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’出瓶後小苗葉數與葉片SPAD之影響 41
表 4.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’出瓶後小苗地上部乾鮮重與總葉面積之影響 42
表 5.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’出瓶後小苗根數與根長之影響 43
表 6.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’出瓶後小苗地下部乾鮮重之影響 44
表 7.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}出瓶後小苗葉幅、葉長及葉寬之影響 50
表 8.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}.出瓶後小苗葉數與葉片SPAD之影響 51
表 9.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}出瓶後小苗地上部乾鮮重與總葉面積之影響 52
表 10.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}出瓶後小苗根數與根長之影響 53
表11.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}出瓶後小苗葉片地下部乾鮮重之影響 54
表 12. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆中苗葉幅、葉長及葉寬之影響 60
表 13. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆中苗葉數與葉片SPAD之影響 61
表 14. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆中苗地上部乾鮮重與總葉面積之影響 62
表 15. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆中苗根數與根長之影響 63
表 16. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆中苗地下部乾鮮重之影響 64
表17. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆中苗根部活性之影響 65
表 18. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆中苗葉幅、葉長及葉寬之影響 67
表 19. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆中苗葉數與葉片SPAD之影響 68
表 20. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆中苗地上部乾鮮重與總葉面積之影響 69
表 21. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆中苗根數與根長之影響
70
表 22. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆中苗地下部乾鮮重之影響 71
表 23. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆中苗根部活性之影響 72
表 24. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’大苗抽梗與開花天數之影響 74
表 25. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’大苗花梗數、花朵數及雙梗率之影響 75
表 26. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’大苗花梗長與花序長之影響 76
表 27. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’大苗花梗與花朵直徑之影響 77
表 28. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}大苗抽梗與開花天數之影響 79
表 29. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}大苗花梗數、花朵數及雙梗率之影響 80
表 30. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}大苗花梗長與花序長之影響 81
表 31. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}大苗花梗與花朵直徑之影響 82
圖目次(List of figures)

圖 1.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’栽植315天葉數之影響 45
圖 2.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’栽植315天SPAD之影響 46
圖3.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’栽植315天pH之影響 47
圖4.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian ‘V3’栽植315天EC之影響 48
圖 5.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’出瓶後栽培90天葉片與根系之影響 49
圖6.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}栽植319天葉數之影響 55
圖 7.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}栽植319天SPAD之影響 56
圖8.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}栽植319天pH之影響 57
圖9.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}栽植319天EC之影響 58
圖 10.介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}出瓶後栽培90天葉片與根系之影響 59
圖 11. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’移植至10.5 cm盆栽培229天葉片與根系之影響 66
圖 12. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}移植至10.5 cm盆栽培229天葉片與根系之影響 73
圖 13. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Phal. Sogo Yukidian‘V3’花梗數與總花朵數之影響 78
圖 14. 介質、肥料種類及濃度對Dtps. {[Modern Beauty × (Hrai× Hinamatsuri)] × Happy Valentine}’ 花梗數與總花朵數之影響 83
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1. 王明吉、李哖. 1997. 白花蝴蝶蘭由幼年到成熟相之礦物成分和碳水化合物之變化. 中國園藝 43:295-305.
2. 朱建鏞、李進雄. 2002. 玫瑰花扦插苗繁殖月份對一年作栽培切花生產之影響. 中國園藝 48:339-346.
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7. 李哖、王明吉. 1997. 白花蝴蝶蘭由幼年到成熟相之礦物成分和碳水化合物之變化. 中國園藝 43:295-305.
8. 林菁敏、李哖. 1988. 蝴蝶蘭葉面積之估算與溫度對葉片生長之影響. 中國園藝 34 : 73-80.
9. 林育如、李哖. 1998. 蝴蝶蘭涼溫催花前後之光需求. 中國園藝  44:463-478.
10. 洪進雄. 2000. 育苗介質對結球白菜穴盤苗生育特性及物理特性之影響. 中國園藝 46:11-20.
11. 黃家慧. 2006. 不同日/夜溫及花梗去頂處理對蝴蝶蘭抑梗及開花之研究. 國立嘉義大學園藝學系研究所碩士論文. 嘉義.
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13. 張耿衡、王斐能、謝廷芳、鐘仁賜. 2008. 三種不同配方之肥料對蝴蝶蘭小苗營養生長與養分吸收之影響. 台灣農業化學與食品科學. 46:57-69.
14. 張耿衡、謝廷芳、元子怡、蔡正賢. 2008. 常用花卉栽培介質理化特性調查分析. p. 44-51. 台灣花卉園藝. 台北.
 
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