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研究生:蔡武吉
研究生(外文):Wu-Chi Tsai
論文名稱:季節、遮陰與矮化劑處理對設施菊生長與開花之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Season, Shading and Growth Retardant on Growth and Flowering of Chrysanthemum
指導教授:黃光亮黃光亮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuang-Liang Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:農學研究所
學門:農業科學學門
學類:一般農業學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:設施菊矮化劑
外文關鍵詞:ChrysanthemumGrowth retardant
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本研究以荷蘭引進商業‘Biarritz’等11品種及台中區農業改良場提供‘Ka-Lou-Lin’等12品種共23品種為試驗材料,於冬夏兩季以遮陰處理,比較其開花特性適合台灣冬夏季可供栽培之品種,並於冬季以矮化劑處理,調查其對生長與開花之影響,期能提升切花商品價值,進而提供花農栽培時之參考。23個品種中較適合冬季栽培的有 ‘Sin-Feng-Hwang’、‘Hong-Chiou-Yang’、‘Hwang-Jin-Jing’、‘Biarritz’、‘Monalisa’、‘Katinka’、‘Juneau’、‘Bernando’、‘Cheeks’、‘Champy’、‘City’、‘Energy’、‘Herby’及‘Herby Sunny’ 等14品種;而較適合夏季栽培的有‘Ji-Shiang-Hwang’、‘Ka-Lou-Lin’、‘Feng-Zi-Ji’、‘Ka-Di-Na’等4個品種,而兩季皆可栽培的有‘Fen-Hang-Shiou-Feng’、‘Sin-Ji-Shiang-Feng’、‘Bai-Tong-Chiang’、‘Bai-Tien-Shin’及‘Ji-Shiang-Gia’等5個品種。遮陰處理除‘Ka-Lou-Lin’於夏季栽培時,以50%遮陰可有效減少側芽數目,約17%,可提升其切花商品價值外,其他品種於冬季或夏季有無遮陰處理,對其開花性狀之影響差異不顯著。以矮化劑Daminozide 2125 mg/L與1416 mg/L噴施一次及Paclobutrazol 100 mg/L與66 mg/L噴施三次處理‘Euro Sunny’、‘Juneau’、‘Katinka’、‘Serena’、‘Monalisa’、‘Biarritz’、‘Moonlight’及‘Baykal’等8個品種,皆有矮化效果。然以商業栽培目的之開花品質整體考量,則以Daminozide 2125mg/L與1416mg/L噴施一次處理效果較佳,可做為商業栽培生產之參考。
Twenty-three commercial varieties of chrysanthemum were used in this experiment, Those varieties included. Those varieties were evaluated in the summer season and winter season. Both season used the shading treatments (in the summer) and the growth retardants (the winter season) to evaluate the feasibility of growing summer spray mum. In order to set up the standard operation practice of application of growth retardant in the winter season, various chemicals and concentration were evaluated in the winter season. Fourteen of 23 commercial varieties can be cultivated in the winter season, those varieties are ‘Sin-Feng-Hwang’ 、‘Hong-chiou-Yang’、‘Hwang-jin-jing’、‘Biarritz’、‘Monalisa’、‘Katinka’、‘Juneau’、‘Bernando’、‘Cheeks’、‘Champy’、‘City’、‘Energy’、‘Herby’ and ‘Herby Sunny’. Only 4 varieties can be grown in the summer season, and they are ‘Ji-Shiang-Hwang’、‘Ka-Lou-Lin’、‘Feng-Zi-Ji’ and ‘Ka-Di-Na’. There are 5 varieties can be cultivated in both season, and they are ‘Fen-hang-Shiou-Feng’、‘Sin-ji-Shiang-Feng’、‘Bai-Tong-Chiang’、‘Bai-Tien-shin’ and ‘Ji-Shiang-Gia’. Only ‘Ka-Lou-Lin’, shading treatment with 50% reduction in the summer can reduce the branch number about 17%. The other varieties do not show any significant difference in flowering characteristics in both seasons. Once application of Daminozide with 2125 mg/L or 1416 mg/L and triple application of Paclobutrazol with 100 mg/L or 66 mg/L can reduce the length of floral neck which significantly improve the value of cutting flower. Eight varieties include ‘Euro Sunny’、 ‘Juneau’ 、‘Katinka’、‘Serena’、 ‘Monalisa’、‘Biarritz’、‘Moonlight’ and ‘Baykal’ have good response to the treatment of growth retardant. However, Once application of Daminozide with 2125 mg/L or 1416 mg/L can be considered as a culture practice to improve the flowering quality in the commercial production.
目錄 (Content)
壹、前言 (Introduction) ……………………………….…………1
貳、前人研究 (Literature Review) ……………………….……2
一、溫度與光度對多花菊生長及開花之影響… …………..………2
(一)溫度對多花菊生長之影響...………………………………………….2
(二)溫度對多花菊開花之影響……………...…………………………….3
(三)日溫與夜溫對多花菊開花之影響.…………………………..……….4
(四)光度對多花菊生長開花之影響.…………………………..………….6
二、遮陰栽培對多花菊開花品質之影響……………………………9
三、矮化劑對多花菊開花品質之影響 …………………….………11
(一)生長抑制劑的種類…………………………….…………….………11
(二)生長抑制劑的作用原理……………………………….…….………11
(三) 生長抑制劑對多花菊型態外觀之影響………….………………...12
(四) 矮化劑對多花菊生長之影響…………………………..….……….13
(五) 矮化劑對多花菊開花之影響………………………………...…….15
参、材料與方法 (Materials and Methods) ……………….18
一、不同季節與遮陰處理對多花菊生長及開花之影響………..18
(一)植物材料 ………………………………………...………………….18
(二)栽培環境……………………………………………..………...…….18
(三)試驗方法 ………………………………….………………………...19
(四)試驗調查項目 ……………………………………………..………..19
(五)統計分析…………………………………………………..…………21
二、不同矮化劑處理對多花型菊花生長及開花之影響 ……...21
(一)植物材料…………………………………………………..…….…...21
(二)栽培環境………………………………………………...…………...21
(三)試驗方法 ……………………………………………………….…...21
(四)試驗調查項目………………………………………………….…….22
(五)統計分析……………………………………………………………..22
肆、結果 (Results) …………………………………………………23
一、不同季節與遮陰處理對多花菊生長及開花之影響 ……....23
二、不同矮化劑處理對多花菊生長及開花之影響 …………….27
伍、討論(Discussion) ………………………………………………69
一、不同季節與遮陰處理對多花菊生長及開花之影響………69
二、不同矮化劑處理對多花菊生長及開花之影響……………72陸、參考文獻 (References) …………………………..………...76
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