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研究生:許志恭
論文名稱:VAE對橡膠水泥砂漿力學性能影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):Effect of rubber addition on the Mechanical properties of VAE-modified mortars
指導教授:周良勳周良勳引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liang-Hsiung Chou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:土木與水資源工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:土木工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:113
中文關鍵詞:乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚合物水泥砂漿抗壓強度掃描式電子顯微鏡
外文關鍵詞:Rubbercontacts angle
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摘要
因為橡膠與水泥材料各自為疏水性及親水性材料,混合應用上常會發生許多界面上的問題,而使橡膠混凝土的使用性能降低。乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚合物再乳化性粉末(VAE)是一種多用途之聚合物粉,一般使用於建築材料和當作結合劑使用。而在一般之水泥砂漿配方中,VAE添加量於水泥中之用量約為5-20(wt%),可改善水泥接著力、抗彎強度、抗磨耗和工作性等。有鑑於此,本研究分別使用濃度5%、10%、15%的VAE作為橡膠與水泥材料界面的改性材料。研究中分別藉由表面接觸角(Contact angle)試驗、流度試驗、水泥砂漿機械強度試驗、吸水率試驗及掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)試驗,來探討材料界面結合機制及材料性能。研究結果發現,水泥砂漿摻入VAE可提高橡膠表面親水性能,並增加使砂漿的黏著性。在橡膠取代細骨材用量為3%、6%、9%時,其抗壓強度會隨著VAE摻入量而些微下降,而抗彎強度將會明顯提升約15~86%。在吸水率試驗結果上,VAE及橡膠的摻入皆能增加水泥砂漿之防水抗滲性能。此外,微觀性質分析方面顯示,橡膠表面有助於水泥水化物生長,使混凝土試體之防水性能增加。
關鍵字:乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚合物、水泥砂漿、抗壓強度、掃描式電子顯微鏡
摘要 i
Abstract ii
表目次 v
圖目次 vi
第ㄧ章 緒論 1
1-1 研究動機 1
1-2 研究目的 3
1-3 研究概述 5
1-4 研究規劃 6
第二章 文獻回顧 8
2-1 水泥組成與水化產物 8
2-1-1 水泥製造之組成 11
2-1-2 水泥之水化反應作用 15
2-1-3 水化產物之結構及其性質 17
2-1-4 孔隙及其結構 19
2-2 輪胎組成與處理現況 21
2-2-1 廢輪胎的回收問題 21
2-2-2 廢輪胎的組成 26
2-2-3 橡膠之一般特性 29
2-2-4 國外應用廢舊輪胎的多樣性 30
2-3 骨材對水泥砂漿的影響 32
2-4 廢棄橡膠材添加至水泥混凝土製品之應用 34
2-4-1 新拌橡膠混凝土性質 35
2-4-2 橡膠混凝土材料力學性能 35
2-5 高分子應用於混凝土材料中之影響 38
2-6 添加其他材料對水泥界面之影響 42
第三章 試驗與方法 45
3-1 試驗材料及樣品準備 45
3-2 儀器設備 51
3-3 實驗方法 61
3-4 微觀性質試驗 69
第四章 結果與討論 71
4-1 物理與機械強度試驗結果分析 71
4-2 微觀試驗結果分析 94
4-3 討論 102
第五章 結論與建議 104
5-1 結論 104
5-2 建議 106
參考文獻 107
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