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研究生:陳怡芳
研究生(外文):Yi-Fang Chen
論文名稱:幼兒心智理論與心智語言之研究
論文名稱(外文):Theory of Mind and mental state language of young Children
指導教授:陳文玲陳文玲引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹教育大學
系所名稱:幼兒教育學系碩士班
學門:教育學門
學類:學前教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
中文關鍵詞:幼兒心智理論錯誤信念情緒理解欺騙心智語言
外文關鍵詞:young childrenTheory of Mindfalse beliefemotional understandingdeceptionmental state language
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:7
  • 點閱點閱:1237
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:261
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:7
本研究旨在了解幼兒心智理論與心智語言之相關。研究參與者來自台灣北部私立幼兒園四至六歲幼兒,共93位。本研究採用之研究工具為「心智理論測驗」與「心智語言作業」兩部份。將所得之資料以描述統計、t檢定及單因子變異數分析統計方法進行分析。結果顯示幼兒在心智理論的表現上,不同年齡幼兒在錯誤信念、情緒理解及欺騙作業上皆有顯著差異存在;年齡越大者在心智理論的表現越佳。至於不同性別幼兒的心智理論並無顯著差異存在。幼兒的心智語言使用情形,不同年齡和性別之幼兒皆有顯著差異。此外,心智理論與心智語言之間呈現正相關;即幼兒的心智理論的表現越佳,其心智語言的使用情形越佳。
The purpose of this study was to explore the association between Theory of Mind and mental state language of young children. Ninety-three children in ages of four- to six-years old have been recruited from a private kindergarten in the northern area of Taiwan. Three measures of Theory of Mind including false belief task, emotional understanding task, deception task and one mental state language task were utilized. It is found that age shows a significant effect both on Theory of mind and mental state language in children. However, sex effect is not found. Furthermore, Theory of Mind and mental state language are indeed associated.
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題 6
第三節 名詞釋義 7
第二章 文獻探討 9
第一節 心智理論 9
第二節 心智語言 30
第三節 心智理論與心智語言的關係 40
第三章 研究方法 55
第一節 研究假設 55
第二節 研究對象 57
第三節 研究工具 58
第四節 研究程序 78
第五節 資料分析 81
第四章 結果與討論 83
第一節 幼兒的心智理論 83
第二節 幼兒的心智語言 96
第三節 幼兒的心智理論與心智語言 115
第五章 結論與建議 119
第一節 結論 119
第二節 研究限制與建議 121
參考書目 125
附錄 147
附錄一:家長同意書 147
附錄二:情感標示之四種臉部情緒圖片 148
附錄三:情感性角色取替活動 149
附錄四:矛盾情緒理解活動 154
附錄五:無字之心智語言圖畫故事 155
附錄六:「真餅乾和假餅乾」的真實/表面遊戲 158
附錄七:計分表 159
附錄八:闖關卡 161
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