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研究生:王玉妃
論文名稱:阿德勒取向之非行少年早期記憶研究
指導教授:曾文志曾文志引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立新竹教育大學
系所名稱:教育心理與諮商研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:126
中文關鍵詞:非行少年早期記憶私有邏輯
外文關鍵詞:juvenile delinquentsearly recollectionsprivate logic
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中文摘要
本研究旨在探討阿德勒取向之非行少年早期記憶,試圖描繪本土非行少年的早期記憶輪廓,並深入探討其私有邏輯。研究方法採紮根理論,研究對象為26名在少年矯正學校受感化教育之非行少年,研究者透過問卷調查的方式蒐集非行少年早期記憶的素材,接著以半結構式的訪談挖掘非行少年內在的私有邏輯,企圖忠實反應非行少年所感知到的世界,並窺見偏差非行的開端,以利輔導與矯治。
非行少年的早期記憶研究發現整理如下:
一、 非行少年的早期記憶輪廓深刻地描繪出家庭的紛亂與衝突。
二、 非行少年的早期記憶輪廓充滿生病發燒、意外發生與受傷經驗。
三、 非行少年的早期記憶呈現挑戰權威與反抗權力的內容。
四、 非行少年的早期記憶輪廓參雜了性的色彩。
五、 非行少年的早期記憶預見偏差與非行的影子。
六、 非行少年的早期記憶出現過早嘗試菸酒與酒精濫用的經驗。
七、 非行少年的早期記憶輪廓突顯出其少有的正向經驗。
八、 非行少年的早期記憶輪廓充滿緊張、焦慮與害怕等情緒。
研究者發現非行少年的私有邏輯充滿負面、消極的自我概念,並且開始形成負面的親職形象與家庭概念,常有叛逆、不在乎或逃避懲罰的私有邏輯,對於事件後果的私有邏輯常是外控的,經常有重朋友、重義氣、性是好玩的等私有邏輯。
最後,研究者針對研究結果進行反思與討論,並對未來研究與輔導、矯治實務工作提出建議。

關鍵字:非行少年、早期記憶、私有邏輯
Abstract
The purpose of this thesis was to explore the early recollections of local juvenile delinquents, and tried to describe the picture of their early recollections and to explore their private logic. The grounded theory method was adopted for this research. Twenty-six juvenile delinquents, who were in juvenile correction school, participated in this research. The researcher collected source materials of their early recollections via questionnaires, and explored their private logic by semi-structured interviewing.
The findings of the early recollections of juvenile delinquents are shown as follows:
First of all, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents figure confusion and conflicts of their families deeply. Second, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents are full of sick, accidental, and injured experiences. Third, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents present that they tried to resist and challenge the authority. Forth, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents contain the color of sex. Fifth, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents can help us preview their deviations and delinquencies. Sixth, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents show that they tried and abused smoking and drinking untimely. Seventh, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents highlight that they owned few positive experiences. Eighth, the early recollections of juvenile delinquents are filled with the feelings of nervousness, anxiety and fear.
The researcher found that the private logic of juvenile delinquents was full of negative and passive self-concepts, which causes juvenile delinquents to form negative parental image and familial concepts gradually. Accordingly, the juvenile delinquents often had the private logic of rebellion, carelessness and avoiding punishments, tended to be out-controlled, emphasized the importance of friends and the loyalty to their peers, and regard sex as fun.
Finally, according to the results of this research, the suggestions to future related research and correction works are mentioned.

Keywords: early recollections, juvenile delinquents, private logic
本文目錄
第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………1
第一節 研究動機………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的………………………………………………………3
第三節 名詞解釋………………………………………………………4
第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………………5
第一節 少年非行之相關理論及詮釋…………………………………5
第二節 非行少年之相關研究及發現…………………………………7
第三節 個體心理學理論………………………………………………9
第四節 阿德勒取向的早期記憶………………………………………10
第五節 早期記憶的相關研究…………………………………………15
第三章 研究方法………………………………………………………21
第一節 研究方法與設計………………………………………………21
第二節 研究對象………………………………………………………23
第三節 研究工具及研究者角色………………………………………25
第四節 研究程序………………………………………………………27
第五節 資料之整理與分析……………………………………………30
第六節 資料的檢核……………………………………………………34
第七節 研究倫理………………………………………………………36
第四章 研究結果與分析………………………………………………37
第一節 非行少年的早期記憶…………………………………………37
第二節 非行少年的私有邏輯…………………………………………56
第五章 結論與建議……………………………………………………72
第一節 結果與討論……………………………………………………72
第二節 反思與建議……………………………………………………87
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………93
附錄………………………………………………………………………98
附錄一 早期記憶探詢問卷……………………………………………98
附錄二 訪談大綱………………………………………………………101
附錄三 早期記憶開放編碼之概念命名………………………………102
附錄四 早期記憶開放編碼之形成類別………………………………114
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