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研究生:吳佩娟
論文名稱:青少年自我批評型性格、反芻型反應與憂鬱症狀之關聯研究
指導教授:王沂釗王沂釗引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立花蓮教育大學
系所名稱:諮商心理學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:青少年憂鬱症狀自我批評型性格反芻型反應
外文關鍵詞:depressive symptomsSelf-criticismRuminative response
相關次數:
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本研究旨在探討青少年自我批評型性格、反芻型反應與憂鬱症狀之關聯。研究目的主要有四項,一、青少年性別與年級在憂鬱症狀、自我批評型性格與反芻型反應有顯著差異。二、青少年自我批評型性格與憂鬱症狀有顯著相關。即個人有愈高的自我批評型性格傾向,其憂鬱症狀愈多。三、青少年反芻型反應與憂鬱症狀有顯著相關。即個人有愈多的反芻型反應,其憂鬱症狀愈多。四、青少年性別、年級、自我批評型性格與反芻型反應可以顯著預測憂鬱症狀。此處所指的青少年係指12歲至18歲之公私立國民中學與高級中學之學生,有效樣本共有392位, 並以貝克憂鬱量表、性格傾向量表與中文反應風格量表為收集資料之工具。研究結果發現青少年自我批評型性格、反芻型反應與憂鬱症狀達顯著正相關。年級、自我批評型性格與反芻型反應能夠有效的預測憂鬱症狀,其中以反芻型反應的預測力最高,且自我批評型性格與年級對個人的影響並非全是不利的。
The purpose of this study is to explore the relationship of self-criticism、ruminative response and depressive symptoms among adolescent. There are four hypothesis are examined in this study: (1)Adolescent depressive symptoms、self-criticism and ruminative response are different in gender and age. (2) Self-criticism positively correlated with depressive symptoms. (3) Ruminative response positively correlated with depressive symptoms. (4) Adolescent are different in gender、age 、self-criticism and ruminative responses can predict the depressive symptoms. Subjects were selected from junior high school and senior high school in Taiwan and to make out a series of self-report questionnaires including Beck Depressive Inventory、Personality Questionnaire and Chinese Response Style Questionnaire. The results indicate that adolescent self-criticism and ruminative response positively correlated with depressive symptoms. Finally, age, self-criticism and ruminative response are the significant variables to predict adolescent depressive symptoms.
第一章 緒論…………………………………………………….....1
第一節 問題背景………………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的與研究問題…………………………………………2
第三節 解釋名詞………………………………………………………3

第二章 文獻探討………………………………………………………5
第一節 自我批評型性格………………………………………………5
第二節 反芻型反應………………………………………………… 9
第三節 研究假設…………………………………………………… 16

第三章 研究方法……………………………………………………17
第一節 研究對象……………………………………………………17
第二節 研究架構……………………………………………………17
第三節 研究工具……………………………………………………18
第四節 研究程序……………………………………………………20
第五節 統計分析方法………………………………………………21

第四章 研究結果……………………………………………………22
第一節 基本資料分析………………………………………………22
第二節 青少年自我批評型性格、反芻型反應與憂鬱症狀之關聯性與預測 25

第五章 結論與建議……………………………………………………29
第一節 結論……………………………………………………………29
第二節 建議……………………………………………………………30
一、中文文獻
王黛玉(2004)。高雄市國中生父母教養方式、同儕關係與憂鬱傾向之相關研究。國立高雄師範大學。高雄。
王志寰(2004)。「兒時情緒無效性、情緒抑制與兒童及青少年憂鬱和偏差行為之關係」。台北:國立政治大學心理學研究所。台北。
涂珮瓊、許文耀(2008)。反芻的多向度對大學生負向情緒變化之影響。中華心理學刊,50(3),271-287。
陳心怡(2000)。貝克憂鬱量表第二版(中文版)指導手冊(原作者:A.T. Beck, R.A.Steer,& G. K. Brown)。台北:中國行為科學社。(原著出版年:2000)
游勝翔(2004)。反芻型反應風格、自傳式記憶與憂鬱之關聯性探討。國立台灣大學心理學研究所。台北。
楊浩然(2001)。青少年憂鬱疾患及憂鬱症狀之追蹤研究。國立台灣大學流行病學研究所。台北。
余安邦(1992)。社會取向成就動機與個我取向成就動機不同嗎?:從動機與行為的關係加以探討。載於楊國樞、余安邦(主編),中國人的心理與行為–文化、教化及病理篇(一九九二)(165-201頁)。台北:桂冠圖書股份有限公司。
廖文慈(1996)。依賴型、自我批評型憂鬱情緒與心理社會因素關係之探討。國立台灣大學心理學研究所碩士論文。台北。

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