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研究生:陳衣帆
論文名稱:適用於行動固網整合網路的資源管理
論文名稱(外文):A resource management scheme for fixed mobile convergence networks
指導教授:黃振榮黃振榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chenn-Jung Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立花蓮教育大學
系所名稱:學習科技研究所
學門:教育學門
學類:教育科技學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:固網移動整合網路資源管理仿生演算法移動預測模糊邏輯
外文關鍵詞:fixed mobile convergenceresource managementbio-inspiredmobility modelfuzzy logical system
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近年來行動無線網路日益普及,可以預見未來的行動通訊環境將會由各種不同傳輸範圍以及各具特色的網路所形成,像這樣的異質性網路亦將成為未來無線網路的骨幹。其中最被大家所期待的便是如何讓無線網路提高其使用率及服務品質。為了增加無線網路系統傳輸能力,許多學者提出各種佈署架構及網路模型。在檢視這些學術研究結果發現,目前最可行的方法就是縮短傳送端與接收端之間的距離,而其中一種較低花費的替代方案即為最近新興的Femtocell概念。但此架構仍須克服許多尚未解決的問題,當使用者來返於大型基地台(Macrocell)和Femtocell之間時,移交失敗機率為無可避免的議題。有文獻指出,Femtocell和大型基地台之間,會因同頻干擾導致呼叫中斷機率(call dropping probability)增加,而此文獻更近一步採用傳統異質網路的移交解決方案,卻讓移動設備因為同頻干擾而不斷的移交,反而增加0.45%呼叫中斷機率。文中提出兩種預測模組,並根據不同環境及使用者特徵來挑選預測模組,並且同時加入生物啟發的再生週期概念,運用在移動設備上,使得預測模組能夠減少冗餘計算,增加電池壽命,並且在持續偵測及預測的情形下長時間運作。
As mobile wireless networks increase in popularity and pervasiveness, the future Wireless Internet is expected to consist of different types of wireless network with different coverage range. Two wireless technologies nowadays are WiMAX (Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access) and Femtocell (Wireless Fidelity). For better and cheaper wireless coverage extension, the integration of these two technologies seems to be a very good option. The hybrid network of Femtocell and WiMAX can take advantage of them to offer high quality of service. This work presents a bandwidth management scheme for integrated WiMAX and Femtocell wireless network, in which the genetic algorithm, predictive tracking of the mobile hosts and bandwidth allotment are included, in order to manage the precious bandwidth resource in the heterogeneous wireless networks with minimal human intervention. The experimental results verify the effectiveness and feasibility of the proposed scheme.
中文摘要 4
壹、 緒論 10
貳、 文獻探討 12
第一節 目前無線通訊技術 13
1. IEEE 802.16 (WiMAX) 13
2. 3GPP LTE (Long Term Evolution) 15
3. GSM/UMTS 以及4G 16
第二節 無線網路的資源管理 16
第三節 水平及垂直移交管理 18
1. 多模通訊卡 19
2. 移交準則 19
3. 移動IP管理 19
4. 移交程序 20
第四節 移動固網整合介紹 (Fixed Mobile Convergence) 21
1. Femtocell環境與特性 24
2. 行動固網整合服務之挑戰 26
第五節 移動預測相關文獻 27
第六節 多樣化的定位系統 27
第七節 移動模型 28
1. 隨機路點模型(Random Waypoint model) 28
2. 隨機行走移動模型(Random walk model) 29
3. 曼哈頓網格移動模型(Manhattan Grid Mobility Model ) 29
4. 高速公路移動模型(Freeway Mobility Model ) 30
5. 高斯馬可夫移動模型(Gauss-markov Mobility model) 30
第八節 幹細胞再生(Stem cells regeneration)研究 31
參、 預測資源管理及最佳化 33
第一節 移交預測子系統 34
1. 中斷預測模組 35
2. 再生週期計算模組 40
第二節 頻寬預留 42
1. 模糊邏輯推論系統 43
2. H無窮濾波器最佳化 47
3. 和聲搜尋演算法 49
第三節 呼叫允入控制 53
肆、 模擬結果與分析 55
第一節 服務中斷機率之比較 58
第二節 服務阻斷機率之比較 60
第三節 頻寬利用率之比較 62
第四節 整體效能之比較 64
第五節 最佳化效能之比較 65
第六節 最佳化和综合討論 67
伍、 結論與未來工作 69
第一節 結論 69
第二節 未來研究方向 70
陸、 參考文獻 71
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