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研究生:吳思德
研究生(外文):Se-der Wu
論文名稱:步行訓練對大學女學生皮膚導電度之影響
論文名稱(外文):Changes in Electrodermal Activity in College Females Following 6-weeks of Walking Training
指導教授:王昱海王昱海引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yuh-hai Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:自然醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:其他醫藥衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:中等強度運動良導絡皮膚導電度
外文關鍵詞:RyodorakuElectrodermal activitymoderate intensity exercise
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:8
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  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:80
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
  背景:中等強度的步行對於個人健康與體能有正面的助益,對於自律神經也有助於其平衡。大多數的研究利用心跳變異率來探討步行與自律神經之關聯。此研究利用皮膚導電度的變化探討六周的步行練習對於交感神經的影響。
  
  實驗步驟:47名大學在學女性(平均年齡21.15±0.91,平均BMI 19.71±1.78),平時無運動習慣。其中22位被隨機選入步行組,另外25位屬於控制組。步行組須在跑步機上進行每次三十分鐘、每周三次,合計六周的步行訓練,速度依個人的運動自覺強度(rating of perceived exertion,RPE)而定。步行組參與者每隔兩週接受一次良導絡檢測,其中17位並於3個月後返校接受測量。六週實驗的前後並且記錄下受測者的BMI、體脂率、腰臀比。25位對照組基本上依照相同檢驗流程,但不進行步行訓練。
  
  結果: 實驗發現,步行組組內的平均皮膚電導值在實驗進行2週後即有明顯增加;與對照組比較,六週實驗後也有顯著性差異。而且,上肢的平均電導值遠大於下肢(p=0.011),經過六週步行訓練後所增加的幅度也較大。此一變化具可逆性,三個月後追蹤測量時,皮膚電導值已與基礎值無差異(p=0.993)。
  
  結論:研究發現經過兩周步行後,皮膚導電度有明顯之增加,持續的運動可以維持皮膚導電度的增加直至六周實驗結束。步行中斷後三個月,皮膚導電度回復至實驗前之水平。皮膚導電度的增加與身體質量指數並無相關。在實際應用上,皮膚導電度的變化或許可以做為衡量體能的新指標。
  BACKGROUND: Moderate intensity walk is beneficial to individual health and to improve physical fitness by balancing autonomic nervous system, which is found to be a major advantage to cardiovascular system. Most studies used heart rate variability (HRV) as the tool to study the relationship of walk exercise and the autonomic nervous system. This study, using a Ryodoraku device as the tool, investigated the changes in electrodermal activity (EDA) after 6-week walk.
  
  METHOD: Forty seven young females (mean age ±SD is 21.15±0.91) with average BMI of 19.71±1.78, and did not exercise regularily were recruited into this study. 22 of them were randomly chosen as the walk group, and the other 25, the control group. Walk group was asked to walk on a treadmill 3 times a week, 30 minutes each time for 6 weeks. The walking speeds were assigned according to individual rating of perceived exertion (RPE). The electrical conductances of the 24 Ryodoraku points were recorded by a Ryodoraku device every 2 weeks since the beginning of the experiment. 17 of the 22 participants returned 3 months later and were measured again. The BMI, body fatness, and waist-hip ratio were also checked before and after the experiment. The control group was measured following a similar protocol but without walk exercise.
  
  RESULTS: The within-subject averages of the skin conductance are significantly higher since 2 weeks after the execise started. The between-subject averages show significant difference at the end of 6-week exercise. This study also found the skin conductance of the upper limbs is significantly higher (p=0.011), and increase more after the 6 weeks training. This change is reversible and was found back to its baseline 3 months after the exercise stopped.
  
  CONCLUSIONS: Our study finds significant increase in skin conductance after 2 weeks of training. Continuing exercise sustains this level for at least 6 weeks, but would back to its baseline 3 months after withdrawal of exercise. The change of electrical conductance is unlikely BMI related, and may be used as an indicator of physical fitness.
中文摘要.......................................i
英文摘要......................................iii
目次.........................................iv
表目次........................................vii
圖目次........................................ix
  
第一章 前言...................................1
1.1 研究背景與動機...............................4
1.2 研究目的.....................................6
  
第二章 文獻探討...........................................7
2.1 運動與健康........................................7
2.2 運動與疾病之相關..................................9
2.2.1運動與心血管疾病..............................9
2.2.2 運動與糖尿病................................10
2.2.3 運動與骨骼肌肉系統..........................11
2.2.3.1 骨質疏鬆...............................11
2.3 運動量...........................................12
2.4 步行.............................................18
2.5 自律神經系統.....................................24
2.5.1 運動與自律神經之關聯........................28
2.6 皮膚導電度.......................................36
2.6.1 皮膚導電的解剖生理基礎......................37
2.7 良導絡簡介....................................52
  
第三章 材料與方法........................................56
3.1 研究對象與方法...................................56
3.1.1 研究流程圖..................................56
3.1.2 研究方法....................................58
3.2 研究工具..........................................61
3.3 研究地點..........................................63
3.4 評估與統計方法....................................63
  
第四章 結果..............................................64
  
第五章 討論.............................................106
  
第六章 研究限制.........................................113
  
第七章 結論與建議.......................................114
  
參考文獻................................................116
附錄一 受試者同意書.....................................129
附錄二 人體試驗委員會審查同意書.........................130
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