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研究生:蔡明德
研究生(外文):Ming-te Tsai
論文名稱:視力訓練對近視兒童之近視評估
論文名稱(外文):Evaluation of Visual Rehabilitation Using Vision Training in Children with Myopia
指導教授:吳怡璁吳怡璁引用關係辜美安辜美安引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yi-tsung WuMei-an Ku
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:自然醫學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:其他醫藥衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:視覺感知視覺訓練視力訓練近視視力復健
外文關鍵詞:vision trainingvisual trainingmyopiavisual rehabilitationvisual perception
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:10
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  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:563
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
  近視在台灣的盛行率甚高,學童罹患近視每年平均以100 度(-1.0屈光度)的速率增加。本研究之目的為評估視力復健訓練,對近視兒童視力健康維護的效果。本研究採用整合神經鏈語言學、能量醫學和貝茲視力療法的視力訓練,針對11 位7 至16 歲學童進行視力訓練,並加上居家自行操練30天,於前及後期進行正常及散瞳後視光檢驗,比較訓練前及後之視力變化。結果發現經過視力訓練後,近視度數無統計上顯著的改變(p>0.3),散瞳後驗光度數(p>0.4),裸視6 米視力表清晰度顯著改善(雙眼p=0.040)。散瞳後矯正遠距6 米視力表視力清晰度顯著改善(雙眼p<0.001)。罹患近視兒童,學習視力訓練法,再經日常練習一個月後,近視的度數並未改變,但視覺、視力的清晰度,則顯著提升。
  The prevalence of myopia is high in Taiwan. The mean refractive status of school children are progressively decreasing at a rate of 100 degrees (-1.0 diopter) annually in Taiwan. The present study used visual rehabilitation training to evaluate visual health in children with myopia. Eleven school children aged at 7 to 16 years were enrolled in the study with training involving an integration of Neuro-Linguistic Programming, energy medicine, and Bates Method and 30 days of home-based visual exercises. After the training program, no significant diopter change in both eyes (p>0.4) (p>0.5) (with and without cycloplegia) were observed. However, both two-eye (without cycloplegia) (p=0.040) and corrected two-eye (cyclopledgia) (p<0.001) 6-meter visual acuity eye chart test results were significantly improved after the training. In conclusion, children with myopia may gain significant improvement with visual acuity under no significant diopter changes by the end of a 30-day natural vision training exercise.
謝誌..........i
中文摘要..........iii
英文摘要..........iv
目次..........v
表目次..........vii
圖目次..........viii
專有名詞中英文對照表..........ix
  
第一章 緒論..........1
1.1研究動機..........2
1.2研究目的..........2
1.2.1 復健訓練..........3
1.2.2 視覺訓練..........4
1.2.3 回復正視力..........4
  
第二章 文獻回顧 ..........8
2.1 視力之生理學..........8
2.2視力屈光不良之流行病學..........15
2.3 視力屈光不良成因探討..........21
2.4 視力屈光不良之治療..........25
2.5視力屈光不良之保健策略..........33
2.6 視力訓練研究基礎..........35
  
第三章 研究設計..........39
3.1訓練計劃..........39
3.2研究方法..........39
3.3 研究對象..........40
3.4 訓練內容..........41
3.5 實驗評估..........47
3.6 實驗流程圖..........49
  
第四章 研究結果..........50
4.1 基本數據..........50
4.2 統計數據..........52
  
第五章 討論..........70
5.1 研究觀察..........70
5.2 研究限制..........75
  
第六章 結論..........77
  
參考文獻..........78
  
附錄 一..........87
附錄 二..........88
中文文獻
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英文文獻
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