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研究生:高嘉璘
研究生(外文):Cha-lin Kau
論文名稱:外國直接投資與二氧化碳之因果關係
論文名稱(外文):The Granger Causality Test between FDI and CO2
指導教授:陳寶媛陳寶媛引用關係
指導教授(外文):Bau-yuan Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:管理經濟學系經濟學碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:40
中文關鍵詞:外國直接投資流出Panel Data Granger 因果檢定外國直接投資流入
外文關鍵詞:Inward FDI flowsPanel Data Granger Causality testoutward FDI flows
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:4
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  • 下載下載:106
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
  外國直接投資的唯一目的就是獲取最大額度的利潤,在這樣一個動機下所進行的投資經營,除了對地主國的經濟成長帶來正面影響外,還會產生一定的負面影響,其中,最重要的就是對環境的影響。
  
  已有實證研究指出:部份國家或地區急於吸收外資,加上環境規制的不完善,外國直接投資在某些方面對環境造成了一定的負面影響。環境污染的原因與國家或地方政府盲目引進外資不無關係,對於引進外資往往提供十分優惠的條件,對於一些污染環境破壞生態的企業也不加限制,只注重引進的項目數和資金額,完全忽略環境保護,即使經濟在短期內成長,而資源與環境卻因此付出沉重的代價。
  
  本文進行外國直接投資與二氧化碳污染間之因果關係檢定。以1992-2005年200個國家的外國直接投資金額與二氧化碳排放量之Panel Data進行實證分析,使用Levin,Lin and Chu Test與Im,Pesaran and Shin Test來檢定資料是否為定態,再利用Granger因果關係檢定方法,對外國直接投資金額與二氧化碳排放量進行因果關係檢定。
  
  由實證結果得知,就已開發國家而言:外國直接投資流入與流出金額都與二氧化碳排放量存在著相互影響的雙向因果關係,這顯示:就已開發國家而言,外國直接投資的流入與流出在促進經濟成長的同時,也對環境造成了一定的影響。
  
  就開發中國家而言:二氧化碳排放量影響到外國直接投資的流入變化,但二氧化碳排放量與外國直接投資流出並無相互關係,這也說明污染天堂假說在開發中國家得到驗證。由於已開發國家環境管制與標準普遍高於開發中國家,在資源配置全球化背景下,導致已開發國家的一些汙染產業必將轉移到發中國家,進而對發展中國家的生態環境造成負面影響。
  In recent years, greenhouse gases caused global climate change issues have gradually become the focus of international attention. Global carbon dioxide emissions over is the main factors that cause the greenhouse effect. In particular, the Kyoto Protocol entered into force in 2005. Led all countries in the world directly or indirectly influenced by the reduction of greenhouse gas pressure. At this time, if able to master to have great influence on the greenhouse effect of carbon dioxide emissions, they will be in the relevant units to assist the development of appropriate countermeasures to prevent the continued accumulation of greenhouse gases on the
environment. Foreign direct investment will help the country''s economic development. Foreign direct investment and carbon dioxide emissions is affecting each other or not, and their causality relationship? It is the most important issues in this paper.
  
  Globalization is the main trend on economic development and corporate investment in the world. This paper using the panel data of the carbon dioxide emissions and the amount of foreign direct investment in 1992-2005 years cross 200 countries to carry out empirical analysis. The countries were classified into two groups developed and developing to carry out Panel Data Granger causality test. Variable of Carbon dioxide emission measured by the calendar year emissions on the country selected from 1992-2005 year. Variables of foreign direct investment classified into inflow of foreign direct investment and outflow of foreign direct investment measured by the calendar year amount on the country selected from 1992-2005 year.
  
  The results from the empirical analysis, in the developed countries found that have the existence of mutual influence two-way causal relationship between carbon dioxide emissions and the amount of foreign direct investment (inflow and outflow).The inflow and outflow foreign direct investment will help the country''s economic development. In the other hand, it will also impact on the environment. But in the developing countries found that Carbon dioxide emissions will affect the inflow of foreign direct investment, to the outflow of foreign direct investment are not. This also shows that the pollution haven hypothesis in developing countries has been verified.
口試合格證明書..................................Ⅰ
中文摘要........................................Ⅱ
英文摘要........................................Ⅳ
章節目錄........................................Ⅵ
表圖目錄........................................Ⅷ
  
第一章 緒論....................................1
第一節 研究背景.................................1
第二節 研究動機與目的...........................3
第三節 研究架構與流程...........................4
  
第二章 相關文獻探討............................5
  
第三章 研究方法與實證模型......................13
第一節 Panel Data之特性.........................13
第二節 Panel單根檢定............................13
第三節 Panel Data Granger因果關係檢定...........16
第四節 固定效果模型與隨機效果模型...............17
第五節 Hausman檢定..............................20
第六節 實證模型.................................21
  
第四章 實證結果................................23
第一節 資料說明.................................23
第二節 Panel單根檢定結果........................24
第三節 Panel Data Granger因果關係檢定結果.......25
第四節 Hausman檢定估計結果......................29
  
第五章 結論....................................32
  
參考文獻.......................................34
 
附錄............................................37
  
附表1 已開發國家之固定效果......................37
附表2 開發中國家之固定效果......................38
沙文兵、石濤(2006),「外國直接投資的環境效應:基於中國省級面板的實證分析」,世界經濟研究,第6期。
  
吳玉鳴(2006),「外商直接投資對環境規制的影響」,國際貿易問題,第4期。
   
吳玉鳴(2007),「外商直接投資與環境規制關聯機制的面板數據分析」,經濟地理,第1期。
   
馬麗、劉衛東與劉毅(2003),「外商投資與國際貿易對中國沿海地區資源環境的影響」,自然資源學報,第9期。

  
張志輝(2005),「汙染避難所假說」的研究進展,學海,(2):187-191。
  
楊濤(2003),「環境規制對中國FDI影響的實證分析」,世界經濟研究,第5期。
  
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