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研究生:楊淑怡
研究生(外文):Shu-yi Yang
論文名稱:冷戰後捷克政經發展之研究
論文名稱(外文):A study on the Political and Economic Transitions in Czech Republic after the Cold War
指導教授:張台麟
指導教授(外文):Tai-lin Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:歐洲研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2008
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:私有化東歐捷克政治發展經濟發展歐盟
外文關鍵詞:PrivatizationEastern EuropeCzech Republic
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  捷克為歐洲中部內陸國家,在歷史上,曾為奧匈帝國的一部分。第二次世界大戰結束後,捷克斯洛伐克於1946年舉行全國選舉,共產黨獲得多數票而組成聯合政府,進而於1948年贏得大選,獲得全面控制權。長期以來,為前蘇聯之附庸國,政治、經濟皆受其影響。1989年共黨政府垮臺後,便積極從事政經轉型,更於1993年1月1日與斯洛伐克分裂,成為獨立的捷克共和國。
  
  捷克經過一連串之努力,終於在2004年正式加入歐盟,成為25個會員國之一。在歐盟第五次擴大的眾多國家中,以捷克共和國的政治、經濟發展最為穩定。捷克自1989年共產黨政權垮台之後,政治上朝多元議會民主發展,經濟上自計劃經濟過渡到市場經濟,外交上亦積極參與各國際組織,力求「重返歐洲」。未來也會以達到歐盟內部所訂之政策為目標,作為其內部施政之參考,並且加快腳步,以達加入歐元區之門檻。
  
  本文將藉由分析捷克所選擇的改革方式、轉型過程、政經發展及外交政策、與歐盟的互動及現狀,來探討捷克政治經濟之發展。
  Czech is the landlocked country in the middle part of Europe, in history, it was once part of breast kingdom. After World War II, Czechoslovakia held the national election in 1946, Communist Party obtain majority vote but made up the coalition government, and then won general election in 1948, obtain overall control power. For a long time, it is a vassal state of the former Soviet Union, the politics, economy are all influenced by it. Party''s government was engaged in making the transition in political economy actively , split with Slovakia January 1 , 1993 after collapsing altogether in 1989, become independent Czech and shut the country altogether.
  
  Pass a succession of efforts in Czech, join European Union formally in 2004 finally, become one of 25 member states. In numerous and national what European Union expands for the fifth time, it is most steady to develop with the politics, economy of the republic of Czech. Czech has been since collapsed in regime of Communist Party in 1989, go to court in politics plural parliament''s democracy is developed, economy carries out the transition to market economy from planned economy, to also participate in every international organization actively in diplomacy , strive to make “return to Europe “. Future will be in order to reach the policy ordered inside European Union as the goal, as its reference with administrative inside too, and accelerate the step, in order to reach and join the threshold of the euro area.
  
  This text will by analysis the reform method selected by Czech Republic, politics and economics development and foreign policy, inquire into Czech political economy of development.
第一章 緒論 .................1
第一節 研究動機與目的 ............1
第二節 研究範圍與限制 ......... ...2
第三節 研究方法與架構.............2
第四節 文獻評述 ............ ... 4
  
第二章 冷戰後捷克之政治發展...........7
第一節 政治改革背景與過程 ...........7
第二節 捷克主要政黨 ..............14
第三節 選舉制度 ................17
第四節 政治現狀與發展隱憂 ...........28
  
第三章 冷戰後捷克之經濟轉型.......... 35
第一節 經濟轉型之意義與模式..........35
第二節 經濟轉型模式之爭論與抉擇........37
第三節 經濟轉型背景與過程 ...........39
第四節 經濟現狀與發展隱憂...........49
  
第四章 捷克加入歐盟之過程及對外關係......53
第一節 申請加入歐盟之過程.......... .53
第二節 加入歐盟之影響.............59
第三節 加入歐元區之可能性與現實........ 61
第四節 捷克之外交政策與對外關係..... ...65
  
第五章 結論 ..................77
  
參考書目....................83
  
附錄:訪談紀錄.................91
一、中文書籍
  
1.尹慶耀,1995。《獨立國協研究》。台北:幼獅文化。
  
2.Andrew Heywood著,楊日青、李培元、林文斌、劉兆隆譯,2002。《最新政治學新論》(Politics)。韋伯文化事業出版社。
  
3.Harbrecht Wolfgang著,朱建松譯,1991。《歐洲共同體》(Die Europalsche Gemeins-Chaft)。台北:黎明文化。
  
4.J. Reuvid, M. Terterov著,韓春霖等譯,2004。《加入WTO與全球商務實踐­與捷克做生意》(Doing Business with Czech)。北京:中國海關出版社。
  
5.Youri Devuyst著,門鏡譯,2007。《歐洲一體化-歐盟的決策與對外關係》(European Union Transformed:Community Method and Institutional Evolution from the Schumen Plan to the Constitution for Europe)。北京:中國人民大學出版社。
  
6.王泰銓,1997。《歐洲共同體法總論》。台北:三民書局。
  
7.朱曉中,2001。《中東歐與歐洲一體化》。北京:社會科學文獻出版社。
  
8.洪美蘭,2002。《經濟激進轉型政策-中東歐之經驗與啟示》。台北:翰蘆圖書出版社。
  
9.張亞中,1998。《歐洲整合:政府間主義與超國家主義的互動》。台北:揚智文化。
  
10.張淑靜,2006。《歐盟東擴後的經濟一體化》。北京:北京大學出版社。
  
11.張穎、汪麗敏,1997。《中東歐國家經濟轉軌的若干理論與實踐問題》。上海:中國社會科學院。
  
12.陳廣嗣、姜琍,2005。《捷克》。北京,社會科學文獻出版社。
  
二、中文期刊
  
1.況正吉,2003/9。〈歐盟東擴進程及其面臨之挑戰〉,《問題與研究》,第42卷第5期,頁25-54。
  
2.洪茂雄,1997/9。〈後共產主義時期捷克的政治發展-民主化與歐洲化〉,《問題與研究》,第36卷第9 期,頁13-25。
  
3.魏千峰,2000/3。〈第三波民主潮下之憲政改革­台灣與捷克比較〉,《思與言:人文與社會科學雜誌》,第38卷第1期,頁1-44。
  
4.金雁、秦暉,2001/9。〈起點平等之後:捷克大眾私有化評述〉,《當代中國研究》,第74期,頁40-86。
  
5.劉書彬,2000/6。〈歐洲聯盟東擴的課題與影響-以波蘭、捷克、匈牙利申請加入歐盟為例〉,《中山人文社會科學期刊》,第8卷第1期,頁209-236。
  
6.洪茂雄,2001/12。〈從東歐看歐洲聯盟的整合:轉變與期待〉,《中山人文社會科學期刊》,第9卷第2期,頁1-20。
  
7.曾建元,2005/9。〈對談哈維爾-哈維爾臺灣行的意義與啟示〉,《中山人文社會學報》,第3期,頁212-241。
  
8.楊三億,2002/3。〈後冷戰時期中、東歐地區權力結構分析〉,《問題與研究》,第41卷第2期,頁89-102。
  
9.洪茂雄,2005/6。〈五彩繽紛的顏色革命〉,《Taiwan News 財經.文化周刊》,第192期,頁76-77。
  
三、外文書籍
  
1.Alexande, Duleba & Tadayuki, Hayashi , 2005. Regional Integration in the East and West: Challenges and Responses. Bratislava: Research Center of the Slovak Foreign Policy Association.
  
2.Andrew, Michta A., 1999. America’s new allies: Poland, Hungary, and Czech Republic in NATO. Washington: University of Washington.
  
3.Dana, Dobesova, 2003. The transformation of the Czech economy. Brno: Masarykova univerzita v Brne, Ekonomicko-spravni fakulta.
  
4.Hillion, Pierre, 1996. The Czechoslovak privatization auction : an empirical investigation. France: Insead.
  
5.Jan, Svejnar, 1995. The Czech Republic and economic transition in Eastern Europe. San Diego : Academic Press.
  
6.Susan, Cote Freeman, 2001. Transparency International Annual Report 2001. Berlin: Transparency International.
  
7.Tampke, Jürgen, 2003. Czech-German relations and the politics of Central Europe : from Bohemia to the EU. New York : Palgrave Macmillan.
  
8.Wolchik, Sharon L., 1991. Czechoslovakia in transition : politics, economics, and society. London: Pinter.
  
四、官方報告
  
1.European Commission, The European Union: still enlarging, Luxembourg: Office for Official Publications for the European Communities, 2001.
  
2.European Commission, Bulletin of the European Union, July/August 2007.
  
3.European Commission, Economic forecast, Autumn 2007.
  
4.European Commission, Enlargement, two years after: an economic evaluation, May 2006.
  
5.European Commission, Public finances in EMU-2007, 2007.
  
6.International Monetary Fund(IMF), IMF Country Report, No.05/276, August 2005.
  
7.Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic, the Czech Republic Foreign Policy in 2005, March 2005.
  
8.OECD, Economic Survey of the Czech Republic Policy Brief, June 2006.
  
9.OECD, Economic Survey of the Czech Republic Policy Brief, May 2008.
  
10.The Economist intelligence Unit(EIU),Country Report: Czech Republic, January 2002, London: EIU, 2002.
  
11.The European Community, Convergence Programme of the Czech Republic, October 2003.
  
12.The European Community, Convergence Programme of the Czech Republic, November 2004.
  
13.The European Community, Convergence Programme of the Czech Republic, November 2005.
  
14.The European Community, Convergence Programme of the Czech Republic, March 2007.
  
15.The World Bank, A World Bank Country Study, Czech Republic:completing the transformation of banks and enterprises, Washington, D.C, 2000.
  
16.The World Bank, World Development Report 1996: From Plan to Market, Washington D.C.: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, 1996.
  
五、外文期刊
  
1.Baun, Michael & Dürr, Jakub & Marek, Dan & Šaradín, Pavel, 2006/6 “The Europeanization of Czech Politics,” Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 1619-1646.
  
2.Baun, Michael & Marek, Dan, 2002/12. “The EU as a regional actor: The case of the Czech Republic,” Journal of Common Market Studies, Vol. 40, No. 5, pp. 895-919.
  
3.Baun, Michael, 2002. “EU regional policy and the candidate states: Poland and the Czech Republic,” Journal of European Integration - Revue d''Intégration Européenne, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 261-280.
  
4.Dimitrova, Antoaneta & Toshkov, Dimiter, 2007/11. “The Dynamics of Domestic Coordination of EU Policy in the New Member States: Impossible to Look In?,” West European Politics, Vol. 30, No. 5, pp. 961-986.
  
5.Frank, Schimmelfenning, 2007. “The Europeanization of Central and Eastern European,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 12, issue1, pp. 115-116.
  
6.Gupta, Nandini & Ham, Jhon C.& Svejnar, Jan, 2008/2. “Priorities and sequencing in privatization: Evidence from Czech firm panel data,” European Economic Review, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 183-208.
  
7.Hadjiisky, Magdalena, 2001/7. “The Failure of the Participatory Democracy in the Czech Republic,” West European Politics, Vol. 24, No. 3, pp. 43-64.
  
8.Hanley, Seán, 2004/12. “A Nation of Sceptics? The Czech EU Accession Referendum of 13-14 June 2003,” West European Politics, Vol. 27, No. 4, pp. 691-715.
  
9.Hanousek, Jan & Filer, Randall K., 2001/10. “Informational content of prices set using excess demand: Thenatural experiment of Czech voucher privatization,” European Economic Review, Vol. 45, No. 9, pp. 1619-1646.
  
10.Hoekman, Bernard & Djankov, Simeon, 2000/1. “Foreign Investment and Productivity Growth in Czech Enterprises,” World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 14, No. 1, pp. 49-64.
  
11.Jan, Zielonka, 2007. “Europe as Empire: The Nature of the Enlarged European Union,” Vol. 12, European Foreign Affairs Review, issue1, pp. 118-120.
  
12.Joan ,O''Mahony, 2003/1. “The Catholic Church and Civil Society: Democratic Options in the Post-Communist Czech Republic,” West European Politics, Vol. 26, No. 1, pp. 177-194.
  
13.John, O’ Brennan, 2007. “The Eastern Enlargement of the European Union,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 12, issue1, pp. 114-115.
  
14.Kopecky, Petr, 2004. “An awkward newcomer? EU enlargement and Euroscepticism in the Czech Republic,” European Studies-Yearbook of European Studies, Vol. 20, pp. 225-245.
  
15.Linek, Lukáš, 1999/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 36, No. 3-4, pp. 349-369.
  
16.Linek, Lukáš, 2002/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 41, No. 7-8, pp. 271-282.
  
17.Linek, Lukáš, 2003/12, “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 42, No. 7-8, pp. 916-930.
  
18.Linek, Lukáš, 2005/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 44, No. 7-8, pp. 983-993.
  
19.Linek, Lukáš, 2006/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 45, No. 7-8, pp. 1078-1083.
  
20.Mansfeldová, Zdenka & Brokl, Lubomír, 2000/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 38, No. 3-4, pp. 354-365.
  
21.Mansfeldová, Zdenka & Brokl, Lubomír, 2001/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 40, No. 3-4, pp. 271-282.
  
22.Mansfeldová, Zdenka & Linek, Lukáš, 2004/12. “Czech Republic,” European Journal of Political Research, Vol. 43, No. 7-8, pp. 980-988.
  
23.Michael Bauer W., & Christoph Knill & Diana Pitschel, 2007/9. “Differential Europeanization in Eastern Europe: The Impact of Diverse EU Regulatory Governance Patterns,” Journal of European Integration, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 405-423.
  
24.Roger, Kanet E., 2007. “The New Security Environment: The Impact on Russia, Central and Eastern Europe,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 12, issue2, pp. 240-242.
  
25.Ronald, Asmus D., 2008/1-2. “Europe’s Eastern Promise: Rethinking NATO and EU Enlargement,” Foreign Affairs, Vol. 87, No. 1, pp. 95-106.
  
26.Smith, Karen E., 2007/11. “Adjusting to EU Enlargement: Recurring Issues in a New Setting,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 12, issue4, pp. 584-585.
  
27.Stromšík, Jirí & Koreik, Uwe, 1999. “The contemporary Czech view of Germany and the Germans,” European Studies-Yearbook of European Studies, Vol. 13, pp. 304-319.
  
28.Willem, van Eekelen, 2007/11. “Transitional Arrangements for Enlargement,” European Foreign Affairs Review, Vol. 12, issue4, pp. 431-435.
  
六、其他相關網路資料
  
1.OSCE:Final report on the parliamentary elections in the Czech Republic, <http://www.osce.org/documents/odihr/1998/07/1424_en.pdf>.(2008/06/20)
  
2.CZSO''s Election Server:Results of Elections, <http://www.volby.cz/index_en.htm>.(2008/06/20)
  
3.CSSD:History of the CSSD, <http://www.cssd.cz/o-nas/s10252/>.(2007/11/22)
  
4.KSCM:Our Party, <http://www.kscm.cz/index.asp?thema=3217&category=>.(2007/11/22)
  
5.KDU-CSL:Brief history, <http://zahranicni.kdu.cz/default.asp?page=510&idr=4&IDCl=53>.(2007/11/24)
  
6.ODS:History of the Party, <http://www.ods.cz/eng/party/history.php>.(2008/05/22)
  
7.CSSD:History of the CSSD, <http://www.cssd.cz/o-nas/s10252/>.(2008/05/27)
  
8.US-DEU:US-DEU’s History, <http://www.uniesvobody.cz/index.php?typ=UEA&showid=221>.(2008/05/28)
  
9.BEZPP:Brief History, <http://bezpp.ucoz.ru/>.(2008/01/06)
  
10.Mirek Topolanek personal websit:Biography, <http://www.topolanek.cz/index.php?p=42>.( 2008/05/22)
  
11.Senate of the Parliament of the Czech Republic:Constitution of the Czech Republic, <http://www.senat.cz/informace/zadosti/ustava-eng.php?ke_dni=23.11.1996&O=6>.(2006/10/18)
  
12.EU Delegation Czech Republic:ISPA, <http://www.evropska-unie.cz/eng/eu.asp?place=2&area=29>.(2006/10/9)
  
13.EU Delegation Czech Republic:SAPARD, <http://www.evropska-unie.cz/eng/article.asp?id=1202>.(2006/10/12)
  
14.Yahoo: Czech-Austria relations , <http://tw.news.yahoo.com/article/url/d/a/060103/19/3l0a.html>.(2006/1/3)
  
15.捷克統計局:捷克2005年進出口貿易額,<http://www.czso.cz/eng/redakce.nsf/i/home>.(2006/3/5)
  
16.東方新聞網:捷克參議院進行改選-執政聯盟失去多數席位,<http://www.eastday.com/epublish/big5/paper148/20021103/class014800004/hwz811080.htm>.(2007/12/29)
  
17.大紀元新聞網:捷克總理信任投票驚險過關,前途維艱, <http://news.epochtimes.com/gb/7/1/20/n1596739.htm>.( 2007/04/15)
  
18.大紀元新聞網:捷克右派在參議院贏得絕對多數席次,<http://news.epochtimes.com/gb/6/10/29/n1502205.htm>.(2008/05/28)
  
19.大紀元新聞網:捷克-世界遺產, <http://www.epochtimes.com/b5/3/7/7/n339044p.htm>. (2007/05/15)
  
20.大紀元新聞網:捷克總理信任投票驚險過關,前途維艱,<http://news.epochtimes.com/gb/7/1/20/n1596739.htm>.(2007/04/15)
  
21.國際貿易局-經貿資訊網:2005年經貿資訊,<http://cweb.trade.gov.tw/default.asp>.(2006/3/5)
  
22.湖南中小企業網:捷克人民對於政壇人物失去信心, <http://www.xqw.gov.cn/html/2007-12/81733.htm>.(2007/8/20)
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