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研究生:簡伯碩
研究生(外文):Po-shuo Chien
論文名稱:從動態能力觀點探索淡馬錫控股私人有限公司海外投資行為(2000-2005)
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the Foreign Investment Behavior of Temasek Holdings Private Ltd. from the Perspective of Dynamic Capabilities (2000-2005)
指導教授:毛樹仁毛樹仁引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-jen Mao
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:國際暨大陸事務學系亞太研究所碩士班
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:191
中文關鍵詞:國家投資控股公司淡馬錫動態能力私募權益基金主權財富基金
外文關鍵詞:private equity fundsovereign wealth fundsdynamic capabilitiesstate investment holding companyTemasek
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  2005年,「主權財富基金」(Sovereign Wealth Funds)的概念興起與亞洲「私募權益基金」(Private Equity Funds )交易金額成長率達到新一波高峰。成立於1974年的淡馬錫控股私人有限公司,屬於「主權財富私募權益基金」(Sovereign Wealth Private Equity Funds),2005年的總資產相當於新加坡一年的國內生產毛額。淡馬錫控股(私人)有限公司董事長丹那•巴南指出淡馬錫控股(私人)有限公司在2000年就已經有海外投資行為。學者提出「動態能力」(Dynamic Capabilities)的概念,意指組織除了不斷的辨識外在環境的變化外,必須自我提升組織的能力。本研究之目的為從動態能力觀點探索淡馬錫控股私人有限公司在2000-2005年間的海外投資行為。本研究透過文獻分析法與個案研究法的使用,除了發現淡馬錫控股(私人)有限公司除了擁有催化產業形成、產業發展與產業更新能力外,並從一個知名的「機構投資者」(Institutional Investor)轉型為「虛擬產業互動平台」(Virtual Creative Interactive Platform)之過程。
  The concept of “Sovereign Wealth Funds” emerged and the growth rate of Asian “Private Equity Funds” transaction amount attained to a new peak in 2005. The total asset of Temasek Holdings (Private) Ltd., which is a “sovereign wealth private equity funds”, and was established in 1974, in 2005, was approximately equivalent to Singapore''s annual gross domestic product. Mr. S Dhanamalan, the board chairman of Temasek Holdings Private Ltd. pointed out, Temasek Holdings Private Ltd. has already launched foreign investment in 2000. The signification of Dynamic Capabilities notion presented by scholar is, in addition to the capabilities of the organization to constantly identify the changes of external environment, the ability to self-improve. The present study sought to explore the foreign investment behavior of Temasek Holdings Private Ltd. during 2000-2005 from the perspective of dynamic capabilities. Using document analysis and the case study methods, this study found that Temasek Holdings Private Ltd. not only has the ability to catalyze industry emergence, industry development, and industry reformation, but also transformed from a famous institutional investor into a “virtual industry interactive platform”.
第一章 緒論------------------------------------------------------------------------------1
第一節 研究動機與目的---------------------------------------------------------------1
第二節 名詞解釋------------------------------------------------------------------------5
第三節 動態能力文獻探討------------------------------------------------------------10
第四節 研究設計------------------------------------------------------------------------16
 
第二章 外部環境-----------------------------------------------------------------------21
第一節 氣候環境的變遷--------------------------------------------------------------- 21
第二節 數位科技匯流------------------------------------------------------------------27
第三節 亞洲金融風暴後的變化------------------------------------------------------32
第四節 新加坡知識中心的形成------------------------------------------------------39
 
第三章 淡馬錫內部營運-------------------------------------------------------------49
第一節 淡馬錫與新加坡政府關係---------------------------------------------------49
第二節 淡馬錫組織內部的運作------------------------------------------------------56
第三節 淡馬錫與淡馬錫關聯企業的關係------------------------------------------66
 
第四章 淡馬錫海外投資行為------------------------------------------------------73
第一節 淡馬錫海外投資標的分析---------------------------------------------------73
第二節 淡馬錫海外投資參與者的連結---------------------------------------------88
 
第五章 結論與後續研究-------------------------------------------------------------98
第一節 淡馬錫控股私人有限公司動態能力---------------------------------------98
第二節 後續研究------------------------------------------------------------------------106
 
參考文獻-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------107
 
附件一----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------143
附件二----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------147
 
圖次
圖 1: 研究架構----------------------------------------------------------------------------18
圖 2: 全球氣候變遷流程--------------------------------------------------------------26
圖 3: 無線寬頻技術匯流路徑圖----------------------------------------------------29
圖 4: 廠商與終端使用者關係圖----------------------------------------------------31
圖 5: 1991-2005年新加坡製造業對外輸出金額----------------------------- 41
圖 6: 2000-2005年新加坡服務業附加價值-------------------------------------43
圖 7: 亞洲區域與跨區域論壇關係圖---------------------------------------------46
圖 8: 淡馬錫與新加坡政府關係圖------------------------------------------------50
圖 9: 1986-2006財務年度新加坡財政預算收支圖--------------------------51
圖 10: 淡馬錫組織架構----------------------------------------------------------------59
圖 11: 1974-2007財務年度期間新加坡淡馬錫投資組合價值圖-------61
圖 12: 1990-2000年間新加坡淡馬錫關聯企業與非關聯企業杜賓Q比率比較圖69
圖 13: 2000-2005年淡馬錫投資產業相互關聯圖----------------------------87
圖 14: 淡馬錫網絡關係圖------------------------------------------------------------ 88
圖 15: 淡馬錫網絡關聯形成圖----------------------------------------------------- 96
 
表次
表 1: 動態能力定義---------------------------------------------------------------------- 9
表 2: 1950-2005年人口統計資訊---------------------------------------------------21
表 3: 各國家團體2000-2005年經濟成長率-----------------------------------23
表 4: 各國家團體2000-2005年購買力評價後經濟成長率(%)---------23
表 5: 2000-2005年主要商品價格指標 (2005年為基期)------------------24
表 6: 各國不良債權占商業銀行債權比率--------------------------------------38
表 7: 2000-2005財務年度新加坡財政部淨投資收益金額---------------52
表 8: 2000-2005年全球前四大金融中心股票市場指數-------------------60
表 9: 2000-2005金融中心股票成分股股票收益率--------------------------61
表 10: 1974年起32年間淡馬錫各財務年度期間平均股東權益報酬率62
表 11: 2002-2006年財務年度淡馬錫財務績效表----------------------------63
表 12: 2003-2006財務年度淡馬錫財富加值金額----------------------------64
表 13: 2004-2006財務年度主要被投資組合公司中淡馬錫指派成員結構70
表 14: 淡馬錫投資標的次數分類表----------------------------------------------75
表 15: 2000-2005淡馬錫投資特定公司總表----------------------------------80
表 16: 淡馬錫各類網絡分類表-----------------------------------------------------91
一 中文部分
 
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(二)期刊論文
 
張暉明、潘瑩,2001,〈上海與新加坡國有控股公司模式比較〉,《上海綜合經濟》,第5期,頁9 -10。
 
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(三)學位論文
 
史薏平,2003。《新加坡電信產業競爭規範之研究》。台北:淡江大學東南亞研究所碩士論文。
 
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(四)會議與研討會報告
 
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(伍)機關研究報告
 
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(七)中文網址
 
上海產業控股,<http://www.sihl.com.hk/>
 
中國電力國際發展,<http://www.chinapower.hk>
 
中國大使館經濟商務參贊處,<http://sg.mofcom.gov.cn/>
 
中國建設銀行,<http://www.ccb.com/>
 
中國中央匯金投資有限責任公司,<http://www.huijin-inv.cn/>
 
中國長城工業總公司,http://www.cgwic.com/
 
中國銀行,< http://www.boc.cn>
 
北京企業控股,< http://behl.com.hk>
 
民生銀行,< http://www.cmbc.com.cn/>
 
合生創展集團,< http://www.hopson.com.cn>
 
行政院國家發展基金<http://www.df.gov.tw/>
 
李嘉誠基金會,< http://www.lksf.org/>
 
東風汽車,< http://www.dfmc.com.cn>
 
金沙江創投公司,<http://www.gsrventures.cn>
 
長城航空公司,< http://www.gwairlines.com>
 
威新地產, < http://www.fraserschina.com/chinese.gb>
 
香港特別行政區工業貿易署,<http://www.tid.gov.hk>
 
國有資產監督管理委員會,< http://www.sasac.gov.cn>
 
港灣網路,< http://www.harbournetworks.com>
 
華為技術有限公司, <http://www.huawei.com/cn/>
 
新宏遠創投基金, <http://www.nhfund.com/>
 
網上靈通, <http://www.linktone.com>
 
二 英文部分
 
(一)專書
 
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(二)專書論文
 
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(三)期刊論文
 
Ambrosini, Véronique, Cliff, Bowman, March 2009. ‘‘What are dynamic capabilities and are they a useful construct in strategic management?’’ International Journal of Management Reviews, Vol.11, Issue 1, pp. 29-49.
 
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Eisenhardt, Kathleen M., Martin, Jeffrey A., 2000. ‘‘Dynamic capabilities: what are they?’’ Strategic Management Journal, Vol.21, Issue 10-11, pp. 1105-1121.
 
Evans, Daniel; Volery, Thierry, Oct-Dec 2001. ‘‘Online business development services for entrepreneurs: an exploratory study,’’ Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Vol. 13, Issue 4, pp. 333-350.
 
Grain, July 2007. ‘‘Corporate Power: Agrofuels and the expansion of agribusiness,’’ Seedling, pp. 10-22.
 
Griffith, David A., Michael G., Harvey, 2001. ‘‘A Resouce Perspective of Global Dynamic Capabilities,’’ Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 32, Issue 3, pp. 597-607.
 
Harvey, Michael, Milorad M., Novicevic, Kiesslinq, Timothy, 2001. ‘‘Hypercompetition and the future of global management in the twenty-first century,’’ Thunderbird International Business Review, Vol. 43, Issue 5, pp, 599-616.
 
Helfat, Constance E., Margaret A., Peteraf, October 2003. ‘‘The Dynamic Resource-based View: Capability Lifecycles,’’ Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 24, Issue 10, pp. 997-1010.
 
Henderson, Rebecca M., Kim B, Clark, March 1990. ‘‘Architectural Innovation: The Reconfiguration of Existing Product Technologies and the Failure of Established Firms,’’ Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 35, Issue 1, pp. 9-30.
 
Iosifidis, Petros, 2002. ‘‘Digital Convergence: Challenges for European Regulation,’’ Javnose, Vol.9, No.3, pp. 27-48.
 
Kuznetsov, P., A., Murad''ev, August 2001. ‘‘State Holding Companies as a Mechanism for Managing Enterprises in the State Sector,’’ Problems of Economic Transition, Vol. 44, Issue 4, pp. 49-69.
 
Koh, Winston T. H., March 2006. ‘‘Singapore’s transition to innovation-based economic growth infrastructure, institutions and government’s role,’’ R&D Management, Vol. 36, Issue 2, pp. 143-160.
 
Lawson, Benn; Danny, Samson, September 2001. ‘‘Develping Innovation Capability in Organisations: A Dynamic Capabilities Approach,’’ International Journal of Innovation Management, Vol. 5, Issue 3, pp. 377-400.
 
Lee, Jaeho, Slater, Jim, September 2007. ‘‘Dynamic capabilities, entrepreneurial rent-seeking and the invesmnt development path: The case of Samsung,’’ Journal of International Management, Vol. 13, Issue 3, pp. 241-257.
 
Lichtenthaler, Ulrich, September 2008. ‘‘Relative capacity: Retaining knowledge outside a firm''s boundaries,’’ Journal of Engineering & Technology Management, Vol. 25, Issue 3, pp. 200-212.
 
Lipsky, John, June 1998. ‘‘Asia’s Crisis: A Market Perspective,’’ Finance and Development, Vol.35, No.2, <http://imf.org/external/pubs/ft/fandd/1998/06/lipsky.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Luo, Yadong, Winter 2000. ‘‘Dynamic Capabilities in International,’’ Journal of World Business, Vol. 35, Issue 4, pp. 355-378.
 
Malherbe, Etienne De, Winter 2005. ‘‘A Model for the Dynamics of Private Equity Funds,’’ Journal of Alternative Investments, Vol. 8, Issue 3, pp. 81-89.
 
Maynard, David E, Winter 1989, ‘‘Gambling with Public Funds: State Investment Pools Revisited,’’ Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 8, Issue 1, pp. 101-103.
 
Oliver, Christine; Ingo, Holzinger, April 2008. ‘‘The Effectiveness of Strategic Political Management: A Dynamic Capabilities Framework,’’ Academy of Management Review, Vol. 33, Issue 2, pp. 496-520.
 
Patrick Van Der Duin, Roland Ortt, Matthijs Kok, February 2007. ‘‘The Cyclic Innovation Model: A New Challenge for a Regional Approach to Innovation Systems?’’ European Planning Studies, Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 195-215.
 
Pereira, Alexius, Aug2005. ‘‘Singapore’s Regionalization Strategy,’’ Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Vol.10, Issue 3, pp. 380-396.
 
Porter, Michael E., 1991. ‘‘Towards a dynamic theory of strategy,’’ Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 12, Issue S2, pp. 95-117.
 
Porter, Michael E., January 2008. ‘‘The Five Competitive Forces that Shape Strategy,’’ Harvard Business Review, pp. 79-93.
 
Schwab, Klaus, 2008. ‘‘Global Corporate Citizenship Working With Governments and Civil Society,’’ Foreign Affairs, January/February 2008, <http://www.foreignaffairs.org/20080101faessay87108/
klaus-schwab/global-corporate-citizenship.html?mode=print>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Shin, Ang-Sup, April 2005. ‘‘The Role of the State in the Increasingly Globalized Economy Implications for Singapore,’’ Singapore Economic Review, Vol. 50, Issue 1, pp. 103-116.
 
Tang, Donny, 2006. ‘‘The effect of financial development on economic growth evidence from the APEC countries 1981-2000,’’ Applied Economics, Vol.38, pp. 1889-1904.
 
Teece, D. J., G., Pisano, Shuen, A, 1997. ‘‘Dynamic capabilities and strategic management,’’ Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 18, Issue 7, pp. 509-533.
 
Weerawardena, Jay, Gillian Sullivan, Mort, Liesch, Peter W., Gary, Knight, September 2007. ‘‘Conceptualizing acclerated internationalization in the born global firm: A dynamic capabilities perspective,’’ Journal of World Business, Vol. 42 Issue 3, pp. 294-306.
 
Weiss, L., 1999. ‘‘State Power and the Asian Crisis,’’ New Political Economy, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 317-342.
 
Weiss, L, 2000. ‘‘Developmental states in transition: adapting, dismantling, innovating, not ‘normalization’, ’’ Pacific Review, Vol. 13, Issue 1, pp. 21-55.
 
Winter, Sidney G.., October 2003. ‘‘Understanding dynamic capabilities,’’ Strategic Management Journal, Volume 24, Issue 10, pp. 991-995.
 
Yeung, Henry Wai-chung, May 1998, ‘‘The political economy of transnational corporations: a study of the regionalization of Singaporean firms,’’ Political Geography, Vol. 17, Issue 4, pp. 389-416.
 
Yeung, Henry Wai-chung, 1999. ‘‘Regulating Investment Abroad: The Political Economy of THE Regionalization of Singaporean Firms,’’ Antipode, Vol. 31, Issue 3, pp. 245-274.
 
Yeung, Henry Wai-chung, 2000. ‘‘State intervention and neo liberalism in the globalizing world economy: lessons from Singapore’s regionalization programme,’’ Pacific Review, Vol. 13, No. 1, pp.133-162.
 
Yeung, Henry Wai-chung, Spring 2004. ‘‘Strategic Governance and Economic Diplomacy in China: The Political Economy of Government-linked Companies from Singapore,’’ East Asia, Vol. 21, Issue 1, pp. 40-64.
 
Yeung, Henry Wai-chung, August 2006. ‘‘Understanding Singapore''s Global Reach: Outward Investment Trends, Firm-specific Motivations, and Government Policies,’’ East Asian Economic Perspectives, Vol.17, No.2, pp. 40-77, <http://www.icsead.or.jp/7publication/eaep.html>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Yeoh, Caroline, Siang, Wong, Feb2006. ‘‘Extending Economic Boundaries and Exporting Expertise: New Evidence on Singapore''s Gambit in Indonesia, Vietnam and India,’’ Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, Vol.11, Issue 1, pp. 79-105.
 
Zahra, Shaker A., Harry J., Sapienza, Davidsson, Per, June 2006. ‘‘Entrepreneurship and Dynamic Capbilities: A Review, Model and Research Agenda,’’ Journal of Management Studies, Vol. 43, Issue 4, pp. 917-955.
 
(四)會議、演講與研討會報告
 
Abhijit Sen Gupta, Pavida Pananond, 2007/4/26. ‘‘Singapore and Thailand. International Workshop on Intra-Asian FDI Flows: Magnitude, Trends, Prospects and Policy Implications,’’ paper presented at April 25 – 26, 2007. Casurina Hall, India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road New Delhi 3, India. April 26, 2007. Session 4: Newly-Industrializing Asian Economies. Discussant 7. Abhijit Sen Gupta (ICRIER). Paper 8 . New Delhi: Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations.
<http://www.icrier.org/pdf/25-26April07/Session4/Andrea%20Goldstein
_Pavida%20Pananond.doc>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
GOH, CHOK TONG, May 21, 1993. KEYNOTE ADDRESS BY PRIME MINISTER GOH CHOK TONG, AT THE REGIONALISATION FORUM, ON FRIDAY, 21 MAY 93, AT THE MANDARIN SINGAPORE, AT 9.00 AM.
<http://stars.nhb.gov.sg/stars/public/viewPDF.jsp?pdfno=gct19930521.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Kim, Young Kyun, 2004/3/2, ‘‘SAMSUNG 4G Roadmap:DMB & Wireless Broadband,’’ paper presented at WIRELESS WORLD RESEARCH Forum 13. Jeju Island: WIRELESS WORLD RESEARCH Forum,
<http://www.wireless-world-research.org/fileadmin/sites/
default/files/meetings/Past%20Meetings/2005/Meeting13/
Plenary_WWRF_Samsung_YKK.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Leong, Horn Kee , Inderjit, Singh, August 2002, ‘‘Motion on Temasek Charter and EISC''s Recommendations on Government in Business Parliament Sitting,’’ Speaking Points for DPM''s Round-up Speech,
<http://app.mti.gov.sg/data/pages/525/doc/EISC_Recommendations.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Tabbane, Sami, 2007/04/30. ‘‘Mobile next generation network, Evolution towards 4G,’’ paper present at ITU-D/ITU-T Seminar on Standardization and Development of Next Generation Networks for the Arab Region. Manama: ITU.
<http://www.itu.int/ITU-D/tech/network-infrastructure/Bahrain2007/
Presentations/Day2/Presentation_Bahrain_STabbane.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Truman, Edwin M, 2007/10/19. “A Scoreboard for Sovereign Wealth Funds,” papper present at Conference on China''s Exchange Rate Policy, Washington, D.C.: Peterson Institute
<http://www.iie.com/publications/papers/truman1007swf.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Truman, Edwin M, 2007/11/14. ‘‘Sovereign Wealth Fund Acquisitions and Other Foreign Government Investments in the United States: Assessing the Economic and National Security Implications,’’ present at Testimony before the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs United States Senate, Washington: Peterson Institute.
<http://www.petersoninstitute.org/publications/papers/truman1107.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development, 2005/11/01. ‘‘Case study on outward foreign direct investment by Singaporean firms: Enterprise competitiveness and development,’’ present at Commission on Enterprise, Business Facilitation and Development Expert Meeting on Enhancing Productive Capacity of Developing Country Firms through Internationalization, Geneva, 5-7 December 2005, Item 3 of the provisional agenda. New York: United Nation.
<.http://www.unctad.org/en/docs/c3em26d2a3_en.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
(伍)機關研究報告
 
Center for Asia Private Equity, 2006. ‘‘APER 2006 Year-End Review - Growth of Asian Private Equity Fund Pool (2001-2006),’’ Hon Kong: Center for Asia Private Equity.
<http://www.asiape.com/content/images/YE020066_1.jpg>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Anisha Sabhlok, 2001. ‘‘The Evolution of Singapore Business: A Case Study Approach,’’ Singapore: Institute of Policy Studies, Vol.2, No. 10, pp. 45-85.
<http://www.ips.org.sg/pub/wp10b.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Balding, Christopher, 2008/06/05. ‘‘A Portfolio Analysis of Sovereign Wealth Funds,’’ Available at SSRN:
<http://ssrn.com/abstract=1141531>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Bainbridge, Stephen M., September. ‘‘Shareholder Activism and Institutional Investors,’’UCLA School of Law, Law-Econ Research Papper No. 05-20. Available at SSRN:
<http://ssrn.com/abstract=796227>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Deutsche Bank Research, September 10, 2007. ‘‘Sovereign Wealth Funds- State Investment on the rise,’’ Frankfurt: Deutsche Bank,
<http://www.dbresearch.com/PROD/DBR_INTERNET_EN-PROD/
PROD0000000000215270.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Devlin, Will, Bill, Brummitt, December 18, 2007. ‘‘A few sovereigns more: the rise of Sovereign Wealth Funds,’’ The Treasury , Australian Government,
<http://www.treasury.gov.au/documents/1329/PDF/07_A_few_sovereigns_
more_the_rise_of_sovereign_wealth_funds.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Karunatilleka, Eshan, February 11, 1999. ‘‘The Asian Economic Crisis, ’’ United Kingdom Parliament Research Papper 99/14, London: House of Commons Library.
<http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp99/rp99-014.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
IBM Global Service, 2006. ‘‘Who’s in Charge here? In the world of digital convergence, it’s the end user,’’ New York: IBM Corporation,
<http://www-03.ibm.com/industries/electronics/doc/content/
bin/G510633300_In_Charge.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Jen, Stephen, May 3, 2007. ‘‘How Big Could Sovereign Wealth Funds Be by 2015?’’ New York: Morgan Stanley,
<http://www.morganstanley.com/views/perspectives/files/soverign_2.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Juniper Networks Inc, April 2007. ‘‘Building Next-Generation Mobile Packet core Networks.’’, White Paper No. 200220-001, CA: Juniper Networks Inc.
<http://www.juniper.net/solutions/literature/white_papers/200220.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Kerf, Michael, December 2000. ‘‘Do State Holding Company Facilitate Private Participation in the Water Sector?’’ policy research working paper 2513, Washington D.C.: World Bank.
<http://www-wds.worldbank.org/servlet/WDSContentServer/WDSP/IB/
2001/01/26/000094946_0101170531288/Rendered/PDF/multi_page.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Lane, Philip R., Gian Maria, Milesi-Ferretti, 2006. ‘‘The External Wealth of Nations Mark II: Revised and Extended Estimates of Foreign Assets and Liabilities, 1970–2004,’’ CEPR Discussion Paper 5644, London: Centre for Economic Policy Research.
<http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/wp/2006/wp0669.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Lyons, Gerard, Octover 15, 2007. ‘‘State Capitalism: The rise of sovereign wealth funds, ’’ England: Standard Chartered
<http://www.standardchartered.com/global/news/2007/grp_20071015b.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。

 
Mekong Securities, July 2008. ‘‘Kinh Do Corp,’’ Ho Chi Min: Mekong Securities.
<http://www.mekongsecurities.com.vn/downloads/research/
Jul-08%20Kinh%20Do%20Corp%20(KDC)%20%20Update.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
PricewaterhouseCoopers Corporate Finance Pte Ltd, 2005. ‘‘PricewaterhouseCoopers: Power Deals 2004 Annual Review - Mergers and acquisitions activity within the global electricity and gas market, ’’
<http://www.pwc.com/pl/eng/ins-sol/publ/2005/ene_power_deals2005_all.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Suthatham, Rapeepom, ‘‘Industrial Estate List of Thailand,’’ Thailand: National Food Institute,
<http://www.nfi.or.th/domestic/food-factory-directory/industrial-estate-list/
download-print-data/industrial-estate-list.doc>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Rozanov, Andrew, August 2005. ‘‘Who holds the wealth of nations?’’ London: State Street Global Advisors.
<http://www.ssga.com/library/esps/Who_Holds_Wealth_of_Nations_Andrew
_Rozanov_8.15.05REVCCRI1145995576.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Singapore Ministry of Trade and Industry, 2003. New Challenges, Fresh Goals - Towards a Dynamic Global City, Singapore: Economic Review Committee,
<http://app.mti.gov.sg/data/pages/507/doc/ERC_Challenges.pdf >,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Takatoshi Ito, Yuko Hashimoto, June 2007. ‘‘Bank Restructuring in Asia: Crisis management in the aftermath of the Asian financial crisis And prospects for crisis prevention-Malaysia,’’ RIETI Discussion Paper Series 07-E-039, Tokyo: Research Institute of Economy, Trade& Industry.
<http://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/publications/dp/07e039.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Tan, Boon Seng, 2002. ‘‘Why it might be difficult for the government to withdraw from business,’’ Singapore Window,
<http://www.singapore-window.org/sw02/020210gl.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Anas, Titik, Raymond, Atje, 2005. ‘‘Economic Surveillance and Policy Dialogue in East Asia: Making the ASEAN Surveillance Process a New,’’ Jakatra: ASEAN Secretariat,
<http://www.aseansec.org/17894.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Yeung, Henry Wai-Chung, 1999. ‘‘GOVERNING INVESTMENTS IN CHINA? THE EXPERIENCE OF GOVERNMENT-LINKED COMPANIES FROM SINGAPORE, ’’ Hong Kong: Center of Asian Studies, The University of Hong Kong.
<http://www.hku.hk/cas/cap/China-ASEAN%201999/Henry%20Yeung.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Yeoh, Caroline, David, David, Leong, Ai Lin, September 2004. ‘‘Embedded Co-operation in the Context of Singapore''s Investment Enclaves in Indonesia and Vietnam: A Strategy Reconsidered,’’ Available at SSRN:
<http://ssrn.com/abstract=589445>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Yeoh, Caroline, Chee Sin, Koh, Cai, Charmaine Jialing, 2003. ‘‘Singapore''s Regionalization Blueprint: A Case of Strategic Management, State Enterprise Network and Selective Intervention,’’Available at SSRN:
<http://ssrn.com/abstract=380560>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Yeoh, Caroline, How, Wilfred, Sim, Victor, December 21, 2005. ‘‘Re-Engineering Economic Space: The Case of Singapore''s Transborder Industrialization ''Gambits'' in Asia,’’ Available at SSRN:
<http://ssrn.com/abstract=871929>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Ziemba, Rachel, November, 2007. ‘‘Responses to Sovereign Wealth Funds: Are ''Draconian'' Measures on the Way?’’ New York: Roubini Global Economics Monitor,.
<http://media.rgemonitor.com/papers/0/SWFPolicy.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
(六)官方文件
 
Agency for Science, Technology and Research, December 5, 2007. VTT and A* STAR jointly develop remote healthcare services,
<http://www.a-star.edu.sg/press_release/attachment/175/VTT_-_ASTAR_4
_Dec_07.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, November 25, 1998. Joint Statement on East Asia Cooperation,
<http://www.aseansec.org/5469.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, August 7, 2003. The Joint Ministerial Statement of the ASEAN +3 Finance Ministers Meeting,
< http://www.aseansec.org/15032.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, May 4, 2005. The Joint Ministerial Statement of the 8th ASEAN+3 Finance,
<http://www.aseansec.org/17448.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, December 14, 2005. Kuala Lumpur Declaration on the East Asia Summit,
<http://www.aseansec.org/18099.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, ASEAN Response to the Financial Crisis,
<http://www.aseansec.org/11493.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat. ASEAN Plus Three Cooperation,
<http://www.aseansec.org/16580.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE HIGH-LEVEL TASK FORCE ON ASEAN ECONOMIC INTEGRATION,
<http://www.aseansec.org/hltf.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, Terms of Understanding on the Establishment of the ASEAN Surveillance Process,
< http://www.aseansec.org/6309.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, Hanoi Plan of Action,
<http://www.aseansec.org/10382.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASEAN Secretariat, April 30, 1999. Common ASEAN Position on Reforming the International Financial Architecture,
<http://www.aseansec.org/6347.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。

 
ASIA COOPERATION DIALOGUE, Singapore’s Concept Paper on SME cooperation,
<http://www.acddialogue.com/download/cooperation_projects/smes
_cooperation/41.doc >,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
ASIAN REGIONAI INTEGRATION CENTER, August 8, 2006. ASEAN+3 Finance Ministers Process,
<http://www.aric.adb.org/background/M&F_ASEAN+3FinanceMinisters
Process.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Asean +3 Focal Group, May 2005. ABMI Roadmap,
<http://asianbondsonline.adb.org/documents/ABMI_Roadmap_2005_May.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Commonwealth Secretariat, 2004. Commonwealth Secretariat STRATEGIC PLAN 2004/05-2007/08,
<http://www.thecommonwealth.org/shared_asp_files/uploadedfiles/
%7B15B2C028-FC5C-4D43-B1E8-A033CAE7E8D5%7D_ComSec
_Strategic_Plan_2004-05_2007-08.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Ministry of Finance Japan, May 6, 2000. The Joint Ministerial Statement of the ASEAN + 3 Finance Ministers Meeting,
<.http://www.mof.go.jp/english/if/if014.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Ministry of Finance Japan, March 1, 2003. ASEAN+3 High-Level Seminar on “Fostering Bond Markets in Asia’’,
<http://www.mof.go.jp/english/if/hls20030301a.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Singapore Ministry of Finance , March 10, 2004. FY2004 Budget: Annexes A- Temasek Divestment in 2003 and 2004(to date), Singapore Budget 2004,
<http://www.mof.gov.sg/budget_2004/budget_speech/downloads/
FY2004_Budget_Statement_Annexes.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Singapore Accounting & Corporate Regulatory Authority. BUSINESS REGISTRATION ACT (CHAPTER 32, SECTION 13 (1) (d)) DIRECTION UNDER SECTION 13 (1),
<http://www.acra.gov.sg/NR/rdonlyres/640A8A54-CCFB-4F80-B603-
DCC72F76A68D/3910/LSD_updateandreplacenamedirectionsforBusiness
Regis.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Singapore Accounting & Corporate Regulatory Authority, 2002. COMPANIES (EXEMPT PRIVATE COMPANIES) (CONSOLIDATION) NOTIFICATION.
<http://www.acra.gov.sg/NR/rdonlyres/3FC69938-195C-4841-8449-7FE899
C3B740/2881/16CompaniesExemptPrivateCompaniesConsolidationNoti.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Singapore: Department of Statistics, 2007. The Services Sector: Reference Year 2005. Singapore: Singapore: Department of Statistics.
 
(七) 新加坡相關法律
 
BUSINESS REGISTRATION ACT
 
Companies Act
 
Constitution of the Republic of Singapore
 
Trade Mark Act
 
Productivity and Standards Board ACT.
 
(八)淡馬錫公司文件
 
Dhanamalan, S.,, December 12, 2001. ‘‘ROLE OF GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP OF BUSINESS IN THE ERA OF GLOBALISATION & ROLE OF TEMASEK,’’ SPEECH TO FOREIGN CORRESPONDENTS ASSOCIATION, Temasek Holding MEDIA CENTER SPEECH,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
12_12_2001.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Dhanabalan, S., October 31, 2002. ‘‘The Oriental Singapore,’’ ASIAN BUSINESS DIALOGUE ON CORPORATE GOVERNANCE
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
31_10_2002.htm>
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Dhanamalan, S., November 2, 2004. TEMASEK HOLDINGS’ 30TH ANNIVERSARY. Temasek Holding Media center,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
02_11_2004
-1.htm>
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Ho, Ching, Feb 12, 2004. ‘‘Temasek Holdings: Building sustainable value,’’ Institute of Policy Studies. Corporate Associates Lunch,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
12_02_2004.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Ho, Ching , June 25, 2004. AT THE TEMASEK TUREN 20 STAFF EVENT.TEMASEK MEDIA CENTER, Temasek Media Center ,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
25_06_2004.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Temasek Holding, 2002. ‘‘Temasek Charter,’’, Temaek Holding Media Center,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/doc/
Temasek_Charter.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2008年2月17日)。
 
Temsek Holding, June 3, 2003. ‘‘Temasek RECOMMENDS THAT EXPENSING OF STOCK OPTION SHOULD NOT BE MADE MANDATORY,’’ Temasek Holding Media Center ,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
03_06_2003.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Temasek Holding, June 3, 2004, ‘‘TEMASEK''S VIEWS ON DRAFT COMPETITION BILL,’’ Temsaek Holding Media Center,
<http://www.temasekholdings.com.sg/news_room/press_speeches/
03_06_2004.htm>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Temasek Holding, 2004. Temasek Review 2004: Investing in Value. Singapore: Temasek Holding.
<http://web.archive.org/web/20051031090920/http://www.temasekholdings.
com.sg/2004review/AR_Secured.pdf>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Temasek Holding, 2005. Temasek Review 2005: Reshaping Our Profolio. Singapore: Temasek Holding.
<http://mel.np.edu.sg/bbcswebdav/library/Library%2520Content/
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Temasek Holding, 2006. Temasek Review 2006: Managing for Value. Singapore: Temasek Holding.
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Temasek Holding, 2008. Temasek Review 2008: Creating Value. Singapore: Temasek Holding.
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Wong, Heng Tew, May 4, 2000. ‘‘Temasek cannot divest stakes in GLCs overnight,’’ Temasek Holding Media Center,
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(九)雜誌報導
 
Baker, James, April 6, 2005. ‘‘The International business newsletter of central and eastern Europe, the Caucasus and central Asia,’’. Eastern Europe Wireless Analyst, Vol.3, Issue 6. London: Informa Telecoms & Media.
 
Chen, Oliver, April 17, 2006. ‘‘Julian Robertson speaks to IM club,’’ The Wharton Journal,
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Enterprise Development Board, May 1, 1998. ‘‘Singapore’s Industrial Parks in the Region,’’ Singapore Investment News.
 
Farrell, Disana, Susan, Lund, October 29, 2007. “Power Brokers,” New York: Newsweek,
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Koh, Joyce, August 21, 2004. ‘‘Interested Even in Smaller Companies,’’ OSIM News Press, ,
<http://www.asiaone.com/osim/news/20040821_001.html>,
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Robertson, Julian H. , March 30, 2000. “This is the end, my friends. Asia Times,’’
<http://www.atimes.com/global-econ/BD01Dj01.html>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
Sam Vaknin, November 26, 2005. ‘‘Strategic Investor, Financial Investor,’’ Global Politician,
<http://www.globalpolitician.com/21409-investment>,
(檢索日期:2009年2月10日)。
 
(十)英文網址
 
Access Technology Partners , < http://accesstechpartners.com>
 
Aditya Group , < http://www.adityagroup.com/>
 
AGF Private Equity Group ,< http://www.agfpe.com/>
 
Airport Authority of Thailand , < http://www.airportthai.co.th>
 
AlacraStore.com , <http://www.alacrastore.com/>
 
Alfa-Bank , < http://www.alfabank.com>
 
AmcorpGroup Berhad , < http://www.amcorp.com.my>
 
America Online , < http://www.aol.com>
 
Amtel-Veddestein , < http://www.amtel-vredestein.ru>
 
Apollo Hospital Group , < http://www.apollohospitals.com/>
 
Aquilo Partners Inc, < http://www.aquilopartners.com/>
 
Arpida Ltd. , < http://www.arpida.com>
 
Association of Southeast Asian nations Secretariat , <http://www.aseansec.org>
 
Asia Cooperation Dialogue , <http://www.acddialogue.com/about/index.php>
 
Asia Regional Integrate Center , <http://aric.adb.org.>
 
Asian Development Bank , < http://www.adb.org>
 
Ascendas Website , <http://www.ascendas.com >
 
Avago Technologies , < http://www.avagotech.cn>
 
Bank of America , < http://www.bankofamerica.com>
 
Bank for International Settlements , <http://www.bis.org>
 
BayTech Venture Capital , < http://www.baytechventurecapital.de/>
 
BIJITEC PTE LTD. , < http://www.bijitec.com>
 
Biogen Idec , < http://www.biogenidec.com/>
 
BioVeda Capital , < http://www.biovedavc.com>
 
Burrill & Company , < http://www.burrillandco.com>
 
BusinessWeek, <http://www.businessweek.com/>
 
Cargill , < http://www.cargill.com>
 
CDC Group , < http://www.cdcgroup.com>
 
Charles Schwab Corporation , < http://www.schwabb.com//>
 
ComCast Corporation , < http:// www.comcast.com/>
 
Commonwealth Secretariat , <http://www.thecommonwealth.org/ >
 
CYWORKS PLC , <http://www.cyworks.co.uk>
 
Daiwa Securities SMBC Co Ltd. , < http://www.daiwasmbc.co.jp>
 
Danamon Bank , < http://www.danamon.co.id/>
 
Dragon Capital , http://www.dragoncapital.com>
 
Deutsche Bank , < http://www.db.com>
 
EGURKHA PTE LTD. , < http://www.egurkha.com>
 
El Dorado Ventures , < http://www.eldorado.com>
 
Elbion AG , < http://www.elbion.com>
 
European Investment Fund , <http://www.eif.org/>
 
Essex Investment Management ,< http://www.essexinvest.com>
 
Exent Technologies , < http://www.exent.com>
 
Fame India Ltd. , < http://www.fame.co.in>
 
Federal Trade Commission , <http://http://www.ftc.gov/>
 
First India Credit Corporation , < http://www.firstindiacredit.com>
 
Fledge technologies , < http://www.fledge.co.jp>
 
FusionOne , < http://www.fusionone.com>
 
Gateway Distriparks Ltd. , < http://gateway-distriparks.com>
 
General Atlantic , < http://www.generalatlantic.com>
 
Genzyme Corporation , < http://www.genzyme.com>
 
Government Pension Fund of Thailand , < http://www3.gpf.or.th/english>
 
Graham Partners L.P. , < http://www.thegrahamgroup.com>
 
Hana Financial Group , < http://www.hanabank.com>
 
HealthCare Investment Partners, <http://healthcareip.com/>
 
HealthCare Ventures, < http://www.hcven.com/>
 
Hewlett-Packard , < http://www.hp.com>
 
HBM Bioventure , < http://www.hbmbioventures.com>
 
ICICI Bank , < http:// www.icicibank.com/ >
 
IMD International , < http://www.imd.ch/>
 
Indochina Capital Vietnam Holdings Limited , < http://www.indochinacapital.com>
 
Inno Pacific Holdings , < http://www.innopacific.com/>
 
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Jacob Ballas Capital , <http://www.jbindia.co.in>
 
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J. & W. Seligman & Co. , < http://www.jwseligman.com>
 
Khazanah Nasional Bhd , < http://www.khazanah.com.my>
 
Kinh Do Food Corporation , < http://www.kinhdo.vn>
 
KFW Bankengruppe ,< http://www.kfw.de/>
 
K.K.R. , < http://www.kkr.com>
 
Mahindra & Mahindra , http://www.mahindra.com>
 
Marubeni Corporation , < http://www.marubeni.com/>
 
Matrix Laboratories Limited , < http://www.matrixlabsindia.com>
 
MDS Capital Corp, <http://www.mdsintl.com/>
 
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Metal Perforators Malaysia Sdn.Bhd. , < http://www.metalperforators.com.my>
 
Mitsubishi Corporation , < http://www.mitsubishicorp.com/>
 
Mitsui Co. Ltd. , < http://www.mitsui.co.jp>
 
Morgan Stanley , < http://www.morganstanley.com>
 
Morgenthaler Ventures, < http://www.morgenthaler.com/>
 
New Enterprise Associates , < http://www.nea.com>
 
Newron Pharmaceuticals SpA , < http:// www.newron.com>
 
New York Life Insurance Co. , < http://www.newyorklife.com>
 
NIB Bank , < http://www.nibpk.com>
 
OJSC (Mobile TeleSystems) , < http;//www.mtsgsm.com>
 
Oppenheimer Funds , < http://www.oppenheimerfunds.com>
 
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Perseus, L.L.C. , < http://www.perseusllc.com/>
 
Punj Lloyd Private Limited , <http://www.medreich.com>
 
Pyramid Technology Ventures , < http://www.pyramid-technology.com>
 
Quintiles Transnational Corp , < http://www.quintiles.com>
 
Replidyne, Ltd., <http://www.replidyne.com>
 
Royal Bank of Scotland Group , <http://www.rbs.com/>
 
Satnam Overseas , < http://www.satnamoverseas.com>
 
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Seghersbetter Technology Group NV, < http://keppelseghers.com.cn>
 
Sequal Venture Partners, <http://www.sequelvc.com/>
 
Simons Voss Technology Pte Ltd.,< http://www.simons-voss.com>
 
Singapore Airlines , < http://www.singaporeair.com>
 
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Singapore Economic Development Board , <http://www.sedb.com>
 
Singapore Government Directory Interactive , <http://www.sgdi.gov.sg>
 
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Singapore Statutes Online , <http://statutes.agc.gov.sg>
 
Singapore Telecom , < http://www.singtel.com>
 
Singapore Technologies Engineering Ltd , < http://www.stengg.com/>
 
Singapore Window , <http://www.singapore-window.org/>
 
Silver Lake Partners , < http://www.silverlake.com>
 
Skandia Live Assurance Corporation , < http://www.skandia.com/>
 
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SOMA Networks Inc. , <http://www.somanetworks.com>
 
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Techo Venture Management ,< http://www.tvm-capital.com>
 
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Texas Pacific Group , < http://www.texaspacificgroup.com>
 
Thakral Corp Ltd. , < http://www.thakralcorp.com/>
 
Thompson Financial , < http://www.thomosonfinancial.com>
 
The Institute of Policy Studies, Singapore , <http://www.ips.org.sg>
 
Time Warner Cable , <http://www.timewarnercable.com/>
 
Trokia Dialog , < http://www.troika.ru>
 
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United Nations , <http://www.un.org>
 
United Nations Conference on Trade and Development , <http://www.unctad.org>
 
United Nation World Population Database , <http://esa.un.org/unpp/>
 
United Nation International Strategy for Disaster Reduction Disaster Statistics , <http://www.unisdr.org/disaster-statistics/>
 
VC Expert , <http://vcexperts.com>
 
Vertex Venture Holding , <http://www.vertexmgt.com/home.html>
 
Welspun India Limited , < http://www.welspuntowels.com/>
 
Westbridge capital , < http://www.westbridgecap.com>
 
World Bank , <http://www.worldbank.org>
 
World Federation of Exchanges , <http://www.world-exchanges.org>
 
World Trade Organization , <http://www.wto.org>
 
Zurich Financial Services Group , < http:// www.zurich.com>
 
3COM, < http://www.3com.com>
 
3i, < http://www.3i.com/>
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