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研究生:蕭可晉
研究生(外文):Ko-chin Hsiao
論文名稱:拓殖對矽藻群聚結構之效應研究
論文名稱(外文):Effects of colonization on diatom community structure
指導教授:陳中獎陳中獎引用關係王一匡
指導教授(外文):Chung-Chiang ChenYi-kuang Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:環境管理研究所
學門:環境保護學門
學類:環境資源學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:89
中文關鍵詞:競爭拓殖播遷藻類演替群聚組成
外文關鍵詞:successionassemblage compositionalgaedispersalcolonizationcompetition
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  藻類群聚的組成與回復,會影響淡水生態系的基礎生產力。本研究目的為瞭解播遷與拓殖效應對淡水藻類群聚組成初期演替的改變與對藻類生長所產生的影響,以及對溪流藻類生物多樣性的影響。本研究於南投縣蓮華池地區的火焙坑溪進行,以自然溪流與模擬人工溪流中進行微生態系實驗,研究共進行四十一天,於研究期第八天時將自然溪流內的磁磚移置模擬人工溪流,並且定期採集磁磚上藻類樣本與漂流藻樣本,進行藻類的鑑定與分析。
  
  實驗結果顯示,自然溪流與人工溪流磁磚上藻類細胞密度皆隨時間而增加,而自然溪流磁磚上矽藻藻種數目在研究初期即達到最高,並隨時間的增加而有歧異度下降,優勢度上昇的趨勢。自然溪流磁磚上藻類生物量與有機物重,皆比人工溪流要高,並且自然溪流細胞密度比人工溪流要高,顯示在播遷與拓殖效應的影響下自然溪流藻類生物量的累積速率比人工溪流要快。在自然溪流與人工溪流的磁磚上,矽藻藻種有生長速率上的差異,大部份自然溪流矽藻藻種密度隨研究時間增加而上升,人工溪流中部份矽藻藻種與時間為正向關係,部份矽藻藻種與時間為負向關係。優勢藻種為生長速率快的曲殼藻屬(Achnanthes),可能是因為此屬藻種體型小,生長速率快,為好的拓殖者。群集分析結果顯示,自然溪流與人工溪流磁磚上矽藻群聚組成屬於不同的集群,降趨對應分析結果顯示自然溪流與人工溪流磁磚上矽藻群聚組成有不一樣的發展方向。自然溪流中播遷的漂流藻與自然溪流磁磚上的附著藻大部份為相同的藻種。自然溪流磁磚上藻類群聚組成因為漂流藻播遷與拓殖而產生演替,人工溪流磁磚上藻類群聚組成因藻種的生長與競爭能力而產生演替。
  The recovery and composition of algal assemblages affected the primary production of freshwater ecosystems. The goal of this research was to understand the effects of dispersal and colonization on algal diversity, algal growth, and early succession of algal assemblages. The study site is located at the Huo-Bei-Keng Creek in Lian-Hua-Chi area of Nantou County. I used tiles to study dispersal and colonization of algae in natural and artificial streams. The duration of the experiment was 41 days and the transfer of tiles from natural to artificial streams was on day 8. Algae were collected on 9 dates and analyzed.
  
  Results showed that algal densities increased with time in both natural and artificial streams. Algal diversity reached the highest value in early days, then decreased with time, and dominance increased with time. Algal biomass and AFDM were higher on tiles of natural streams than in artificial streams through time, indicating higher algal growth rates in natural streams than artificial streams. Some diatom species had different growth rates in natural and artificial streams. Most diatom species increased with time in the natural system, some increased in the artificial system, while some decreased with time in either of two systems. Most dominant species belonged to Achnathes because small sizes rendered them high growth, dispersal, and colonization rates. Multivariate analyses showed that diatom assemblages of natural and artificial systems belonged to different clusters and had different development routes. Diatom species composition in the natural system was similar to that in the drift assemblage. The succession of diatom assemblages in the natural system was driven by the dispersal and colonization of drift algae, while the succession of diatom assemblages in the artificial system was driven by the growth rate and competition capacity.
摘要 Ⅰ
Abstract Ⅱ
目錄 Ⅲ
圖目錄 Ⅴ
表目錄 Ⅷ
  
第壹章 前言 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究流程 2
 
第貳章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 藻類在環境中的重要性與影響其生長的因子 4
第二節 播遷 5
第三節 拓殖 7
第四節 競爭 8
第五節 群聚組成 10
第六節 國內相關文獻和研究的回顧與整理 12
 
第參章 材料與方法 14
第一節 研究地點介紹 14
第二節 實驗架設與樣本採集 15
第三節 樣本處理 16
第四節 統計分析 19
 
第肆章 結果 22
第一節 環境因子測定結果 22
第二節 葉綠素a分析結果 25
第三節 有機物重分析結果 27
第四節 軟藻結果 29
第五節 矽藻結果 39
第六節 漂流藻結果 67
 
第伍章 討論 72
矽藻藻種與生物量增減之因素 72
有機物重與葉綠素變化之因素 72
拓殖與播遷的影響 73
演替 74
自然溪流演替與人工溪流演替的差異 76
 
第陸章 結論與建議 78
  
參考文獻 81
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1. 汪靜明,(1991),「臺灣河川的生態保育」,科學月刊,22:930-937。
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5. 彭國棟,(2004),「生態工法及生態綠化」,自然保育季刊,31:6-11。
6. 彭國棟,(2004),「生態工法及生態綠化」,自然保育季刊,31:6-11。
7. 林文隆、蔡顯修、吳雪如,(2007),「水圳水泥化對其間生物數量變動之影響」,中華水土保持學報,38:31-42。
8. 林文隆、蔡顯修、吳雪如,(2007),「水圳水泥化對其間生物數量變動之影響」,中華水土保持學報,38:31-42。
9. 田志仁、吳承恩、黃顯宗、汪碧涵,(2004),「以水棲昆蟲為指標生物評估台北外雙溪水質」,自然保育季刊,45:38-47。
10. 田志仁、吳承恩、黃顯宗、汪碧涵,(2004),「以水棲昆蟲為指標生物評估台北外雙溪水質」,自然保育季刊,45:38-47。
11. 陳榮宗、何平合、李訓煌,(2003),「外來種淡水魚類及蝦類在台灣河川之分布概況」,特有生物研究,5︰33-46。
12. 陳榮宗、何平合、李訓煌,(2003),「外來種淡水魚類及蝦類在台灣河川之分布概況」,特有生物研究,5︰33-46。