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研究生(外文):Ko-chin Hsiao
論文名稱(外文):Effects of colonization on diatom community structure
指導教授(外文):Chung-Chiang ChenYi-kuang Wang
外文關鍵詞:successionassemblage compositionalgaedispersalcolonizationcompetition
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  The recovery and composition of algal assemblages affected the primary production of freshwater ecosystems. The goal of this research was to understand the effects of dispersal and colonization on algal diversity, algal growth, and early succession of algal assemblages. The study site is located at the Huo-Bei-Keng Creek in Lian-Hua-Chi area of Nantou County. I used tiles to study dispersal and colonization of algae in natural and artificial streams. The duration of the experiment was 41 days and the transfer of tiles from natural to artificial streams was on day 8. Algae were collected on 9 dates and analyzed.
  Results showed that algal densities increased with time in both natural and artificial streams. Algal diversity reached the highest value in early days, then decreased with time, and dominance increased with time. Algal biomass and AFDM were higher on tiles of natural streams than in artificial streams through time, indicating higher algal growth rates in natural streams than artificial streams. Some diatom species had different growth rates in natural and artificial streams. Most diatom species increased with time in the natural system, some increased in the artificial system, while some decreased with time in either of two systems. Most dominant species belonged to Achnathes because small sizes rendered them high growth, dispersal, and colonization rates. Multivariate analyses showed that diatom assemblages of natural and artificial systems belonged to different clusters and had different development routes. Diatom species composition in the natural system was similar to that in the drift assemblage. The succession of diatom assemblages in the natural system was driven by the dispersal and colonization of drift algae, while the succession of diatom assemblages in the artificial system was driven by the growth rate and competition capacity.
摘要 Ⅰ
Abstract Ⅱ
目錄 Ⅲ
圖目錄 Ⅴ
表目錄 Ⅷ
第壹章 前言 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究流程 2
第貳章 文獻回顧 4
第一節 藻類在環境中的重要性與影響其生長的因子 4
第二節 播遷 5
第三節 拓殖 7
第四節 競爭 8
第五節 群聚組成 10
第六節 國內相關文獻和研究的回顧與整理 12
第參章 材料與方法 14
第一節 研究地點介紹 14
第二節 實驗架設與樣本採集 15
第三節 樣本處理 16
第四節 統計分析 19
第肆章 結果 22
第一節 環境因子測定結果 22
第二節 葉綠素a分析結果 25
第三節 有機物重分析結果 27
第四節 軟藻結果 29
第五節 矽藻結果 39
第六節 漂流藻結果 67
第伍章 討論 72
矽藻藻種與生物量增減之因素 72
有機物重與葉綠素變化之因素 72
拓殖與播遷的影響 73
演替 74
自然溪流演替與人工溪流演替的差異 76
第陸章 結論與建議 78
參考文獻 81
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