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研究生:葉淑茹
研究生(外文):Shu-ju Yeh
論文名稱:外籍配偶休閒阻礙、社會支持對幸福感之影響
論文名稱(外文):IMPACT OF LEISURE CONSTRAINTS AND SOCIAL SUPPORT ON THE WELL-BEING OF FOREIGN SPOUSES
指導教授:丁誌魰丁誌魰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-wen Ting
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:旅遊事業管理學系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:餐旅服務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:95
中文關鍵詞:幸福感社會支持休閒阻礙外籍配偶
外文關鍵詞:leisure constraintssocial supportwell-beingForeign spouses
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  在全球化新移民浪潮中,透過國際婚姻仲介牽線進入臺灣社會的新移民女性已成為臺灣新興的族群,所衍生的種種新議題亦逐漸受到關注,這些議題不外乎語言、生活適應、照輔機制、子女教養、婚姻暴力等等質性探討。鮮少研究針對外籍配偶作全面性量化之研究,本研究突破語言障礙,將其問卷翻譯成多國語言深入探討外籍配偶的休閒議題。女性的休閒權力常會被各種社會文化傳統所侷限,更何況是這些居於弱勢的外籍配偶們。她們幸福嗎?這些外籍配偶的生活品質,正是多元文化的台灣必須省思的問題。
 
  本研究旨在探討外籍配偶休閒阻礙、社會支持及幸福感之關係。首先依據文獻提出假設,其次採用問卷方式調查222位以婚姻模式進入臺灣社會的外籍配偶,運用結構方程模式驗證各變項間的關係。研究發現,(1)外籍配偶的休閒阻礙與幸福感呈低度顯著負相關;(2)社會支持則與幸福感呈高度顯著正相關。
 
  外籍配偶休閒阻礙之降低需靠長時間之努力,短期之內需透過社會支持以提升其幸福感,期能提供相關機構參考。
 Female immigrants are entering the Taiwanese society via the introduction of international matchmakers against the backdrop of immigration waves around the world. A raft of new issues surrounding these female newcomers to Taiwan is attracting more and more attention. These issues revolve around the qualitative analysis pertaining to the problems of language, adaptation to environment, guidance and assistance mechanism, children parenting and education, and domestic violence. Papers concerning the comprehensive quantitative study on foreign spouses are scarce. This paper overcomes the language barriers by translating the questionnaire into a multitude of languages in order to delve into the issues concerning the leisure of foreign spouses. Women’s rights to leisure are often constrained by social cultures and traditions, not to mention the rights of disadvantageous foreign spouses. Is there anyone who really knows whether they are happy or not? Their well-being and sorrow have become an important issue for introspection in multicultural Taiwan.
 
 This paper aims to explore the correlation among the leisure constraints, social support and sense of happiness of foreign spouses. A hypothesis is first presented based on the literature review, and thereafter a questionnaire survey was conducted on 222 foreign spouses who moved to Taiwan after marrying Taiwanese citizens. This paper applies a structural equation model to verify the correlation among variables, and reveals that: (1) there''s a low significant negative correlation between the leisure constraints and the well-being of the foreign spouses at a low level; and (2) there''s a highly significant positive correlation between the social support and the well-being of the foreign spouses.
 
 To mitigate the leisure constraints of foreign spouses require long-term endeavor. However, it is possible to enhance the well-being of the foreign spouses through social support in the short run. It is hoped that this paper may serve as a reference document for the relevant authorities and organizations.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目錄 iii
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
 
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景與動機 1
1.2研究目的 3
1.3研究對象與內容 3
1.4研究流程 4
 
第二章 文獻探討 6
2.1外籍配偶定義與現況 6
2.2休閒阻礙 10
2.3社會支持 17
2.4幸福感 21
2.5各變項間的影響關係 26
 
第三章 研究方法 29
3.1研究架構與研究假設 29
3.2研究變數操作型定義 29
3.3問項衡量與問卷設計 30
3.4抽樣設計 33
3.5資料分析方法 35
 
第四章 實證結果分析 37
4.1樣本資料描述性分析及平均數分析 37
4.2各構面的因素分析與信度檢定 42
4.3結構方程模式分析 43
4.4結構模式與假設檢定 47
 
第五章 結論與建議 50
5.1結論 50
5.2建議 52
5.3研究貢獻 53
 
參考文獻 55
中文文獻 55
英文文獻 60
 
附錄一 專家修改之量表問項內容 71
附錄二 前測問卷 77
附錄二 正式問卷 81
 
表目錄
表2.1 休閒阻礙的來源概念13
表4.1 問卷發放(回收)分配表37
表4.2 樣本分布情形一覽表 39
表4.3 各研究變項之平均數分析 41
表4.4 各構面的因素分析與信度檢定 43
表4.5 整體模式配適指標 44
表4.6 整體模式配適度結果分析表 45
表4.7 衡量模式之信效度分析 46
 
圖目錄
圖1.1 研究流程圖 5
圖2.1 休閒阻礙階層模式圖 14
圖2.2 休閒阻礙分類之交互作用模式圖 14
圖3.1 研究架構圖 29
圖4.1 研究結構模式圖 44
圖4.2 研究模式路徑圖 49
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