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研究生:石志堅
研究生(外文):Chih-chien Shih
論文名稱:遊憩知覺壓力與休閒效益-調適行為之調節角色
論文名稱(外文):PERCEIVED STRESS OF RECREATION AND LEISURE BENEFITS--THE MODERATING ROLE OF COPING BEHAVIORS
指導教授:陳寬裕陳寬裕引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuan-yu Chen
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:南華大學
系所名稱:旅遊事業管理學系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:餐旅服務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:130
中文關鍵詞:調適行為休閒效益遊憩知覺壓力
外文關鍵詞:Perceived Stress of RecreationLeisure BenefitsCoping Behaviors
相關次數:
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  參與休閒活動是現代人紓解壓力的主要方式之一,然而隨著戶外遊憩人口的增加,遊憩區因擁擠、干擾或人為破壞等不當行為,導致遊憩者產生負面遊憩體驗。在過去有關休閒效益的研究中,甚少著力於探討遊憩知覺壓力(擁擠、干擾與不當行為)對遊憩者之休閒效益的影響;此外,當遊憩者面臨遊憩知覺壓力時所引發的調適行為,國內外學者雖已多所研究,然對調適行為在遊憩知覺壓力與休閒效益間究竟扮演何種角色卻無定論。本研究為能確實理解遊憩知覺壓力與休閒效益間的關係,並釐清調適行為於其間所扮演的角色,乃採用多群組結構方程模型加以驗證。研究結果顯示,遊憩者之知覺壓力顯著負面影響休閒效益;而調適行為可顯著調節遊憩知覺壓力對休閒效益的負面效果,亦即當遊憩者面臨高遊憩壓力時,積極調適者其休閒效益高於消極調適者。
 Getting Engaged in leisure activities is one of the major ways for modern people to relieve stress; however, as the crowds go outdoors and swarm over the resorts, the depreciative behaviors such as jam, interference and man-made destruction have made a negative impression on the visitors. Few of the research on leisure benefits has been focused on investigating the influence of perceived recreation stress (the jam, interference and visitors'' depreciative behaviors) on visitors'' leisure benefits. Besides, while the visitors'' coping behavior produced under perceived stress of recreation has been pervasively studied worldwide, no conclusion has been reached yet concerning the role of coping behavior in the relationship between perceived recreation stress and leisure benefits. In order to comprehend the relationship between perceived recreation stress and leisure benefits as well as clarify the role of coping behavior in their relationship, this study is conducted in the basis of multi-group structured equation modeling. The results of this study indicate that visitors'' perceived recreation stress has an obviously negative influence on leisure benefits, while coping behavior can considerably decrease the negative effect of perceived recreation stress on leisure benefits. In other words, when visitors are subjected to high stress of recreation, those who positively adjust themselves will obtain more leisure benefits than those who can not.
中文摘要…………………………………………………………………ii
英文摘要………………………………………………………………iii
目錄……………………………………………………………………iv
表目錄…………………………………………………………………vi
圖目錄…………………………………………………………………vii
 
第一章緒論 ……………………………………………………………1
1.1研究背景與動機……………………………………………………1
1.2研究目的……………………………………………………………4
1.3研究範圍與對象……………………………………………………44
1.4研究流程……………………………………………………………7
1.5論文架構……………………………………………………………9
 
第二章文獻探討 ………………………………………………………10
2.1遊憩知覺壓力………………………………………………………10
2.2調適行為……………………………………………………………22
2.3休閒效益……………………………………………………………30
 
第三章研究設計 ………………………………………………………39
3.1觀念性模型…………………………………………………………39
3.2研究假設……………………………………………………………40
3.3研究變數之操作型定義……………………………………………45
3.4問卷設計……………………………………………………………49
3.5抽樣設計……………………………………………………………53
3.6資料分析方法………………………………………………………54
 
第四章研究結果與討論 ………………………………………………59
4.1樣本基本屬性分析…………………………………………………59
4.2遊憩知覺壓力現況分析……………………………………………61
4.3調適行為現況分析…………………………………………………64
4.4休閒效益現況分析…………………………………………………67
4.5遊客人口統計變數對遊憩知覺壓力差異性分析…………………70
4.6遊客人口統計變數對休閒效益差異性分析………………………71
4.7遊憩知覺壓力量表之因素分析……………………………………72
4.8調適行為量表之因素分析…………………………………………75
4.9休閒效益量表之因素分析…………………………………………79
4.10衡量模式之評估…………………………………………………82
4.11整體模式之關係分析……………………………………………92
4.12干擾效果的檢定…………………………………………………100
 
第五章結論與建議……………………………………………………107
5.1研究結論……………………………………………………………107
5.2本研究之貢獻………………………………………………………111
5.3研究限制與後續研究建議…………………………………………112
 
參考文獻………………………………………………………………113
 
附錄
問卷調查表…………………………………………………………127
一、中文部份
 
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02. 王正平(民97),探索陽明山花季賞花遊客之調適行為,戶外遊憩研究,21期(1),27-50頁。
 
03. 王羿婷(民96),登山健行者對登山自行車活動者之遊憩衝突與調適行為研究-以彰化縣花壇鄉虎山岩區為例,私立靜宜大學觀光事業學系暨研究所碩士論文。
 
04. 左祖順(民92),醫務社會工作者面對嚴重急性呼吸道症候群(SARS)疫情壓力因應之研究--以臺大醫院為例,私立東海大學社會工作學系碩士論文。
 
05. 交通部觀光局(民97),中華民國96年國人旅遊狀況調查,線上檢索日期:2009年2月22日。取自:http://library.tbroc.gov.tw/web/sear_show. asp ? no=A20011458
 
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07. 朱芝緯、王鑫(民89),生態旅遊遊客守則之研究,戶外遊憩研究,13期(3),1-22頁。
 
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11. 林欣慧(民91),解說成效對休閒效益體驗之影響以登山健行為例,國立台灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文。
 
12. 林思潔(民94),零售擁擠對消費者情緒、調適行為與滿意度之研究,國立中山大學企業管理研究所碩士論文。
 
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17. 洪冬桂(民75),我國大學生適應問題、調適行為、求助偏好及其相關因素之研究,國立台灣師範大學教育研究所博士論文。
 
18. 洪珮婷(民90),過動兒的母親壓力與因應策略之探討,東吳大學社會工作學系碩士論文。
 
19. 洪煌佳(民91),突破休閒活動之休閒效益研究,國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
 
20. 紀宜穎(民94),高密度遊憩區遊客擁擠知覺與調適反應,私立銘傳大學觀光研究所碩士論文。
 
21. 范盛楨(民94),國家公園社會心理承載量之研究-以玉山國家公園為例,私立朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理研究所碩士論文。
 
22. 孫丕琳(譯)(民83),A. L. Weber 著,心理學導論,台北:桂冠出版公司。
 
23. 徐新勝(民96),衝浪活動參與者之休閒動機、涉入程度與休閒效益關係之研究,國立中正大學運動與休閒教育所碩士論文。
 
24. 柴松林(民 85),休閒時代-學習社會,北縣教育,14期,33-38頁。
 
25. 馬上鈞(民91),休閒效益與生活壓力關係之研-以高雄地區郊山登山者為例,國立臺灣師範大學運動休閒與管理研究所碩士論文。
 
26. 高俊雄(民84),休閒利益三因素模式,戶外遊憩研究,8期(1),15-28頁。
 
27. 高俊雄(民86),休閒概念面面觀,國立體育學院論叢,6期(1),69-78頁。
 
28. 涂淑芳(譯)(民85),Gene Bammel, Lei Lane Burrus-Bammel著,休閒與人類行為,台北:桂冠出版公司。
 
29. 張尹薰(民96),地方依附、遊憩衝突與調適行為關係之研究,私立世新大學觀光學究所碩士論文。
 
30. 張少熙(民92),台灣地區中學教師參與休閒運動行為模式之研究,國立台灣師範大學體育學系博士論文。
 
31. 張俊彥(民75),遊憩規劃中遊客擁擠知覺之分析,國立台灣大學園藝學研究所碩士論文。
 
32. 張俊彥、蔡協欣、翁仕堯(民84),從環境認知觀點探討遊客破壞行為之成因分析-以台中市中山公園為例,戶外遊憩研究,8期(3),67-89頁。
 
33. 張春興(民78),張氏心理學辭典(初版),台北:東華書局。
 
34. 張春興(民81),現代心理學,台北:三民書局。
 
35. 張雯茹(民96),遊憩調適行為之研究─以左岸公園為例,私立世新大學觀光學究所碩士論文。
 
36. 張嘉宇(民92),遊客面對遊憩區擁擠所採行調適機制之探討—以劍湖山主題遊樂園遊客為例,私立南華大學旅遊事業管理學研究所碩士論文。
 
37. 許淑蓮(民90),初患心肌梗塞病人不確定感與焦慮反應-因應行為效應之探討,護理研究,9期(2),159-171頁。
 
38. 許義忠(民94),休閒、壓力與調適研究:以中華航空女性空服員為例,戶外遊憩研究,18期(2),1-24頁。
 
39. 郭彰仁(民87),由遊客環境態度之觀點探討公園不當行為管理策略-以台中市為例,私立東海大學景觀系研究所碩士論文。
 
40. 郭靜晃(民83),心理學,台北:揚智出版社。
 
41. 陳中雲(民90),國小教師休閒參與、休閒效益與工作滿意之關係研究-以臺北縣公立國民小學教師為例,國立台灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所碩士論文。
 
42. 陳水源(民77),擁擠與戶外遊憩體驗關係之研究-社會心理層面之探討,國立台灣大學森林研究所博士論文。
 
43. 陳嘉雯(民95),登山健行活動之登山客持續涉入、休閒效益與幸褔感關係之研究,私立銘傳大學觀光研究所碩士論文。
 
44. 彭育琦(民85),塔塔加地區步道衝擊及其影響因子之研究,私立東海大學景觀學系研究所碩士論文論文。
 
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46. 黃芳銘(民93),結構方程模式:理論與應用,台北:五南書局。
 
47. 黃榮賜(民77),都市公園遊憩需求與遊憩效益之研究-以青年公園為例,國立中興大學都市計畫研究所碩士論文。
 
48. 楊文燦、陳仁光(民87),遊客垃圾丟棄行為管理成效之研究-以台中市中正露營區為例,戶外遊憩研究,11期(2),61-81頁。
 
49. 楊胤甲(民95),愛好自行車休閒運動者之流暢體驗、休閒效益與幸福感之研究,私立靜宜大學觀光事業研究所碩士論文。
 
50. 楊萃萍(民91),直排輪活動參與者間遊憩衝突之研究,私立朝陽科技大學休閒事業管理系碩士論文。
 
51. 葉重新(民95),心理學,台北:心理出版社。
 
52. 歐聖榮、顏宏旭(民83),金門地區觀光發展衝擊認知之研究,戶外遊憩研究,7期(4),61-89頁。
 
53. 蕭文龍(民96),多變量分析最佳入門實用書-SPSS+LISREL,台北:�眳p資訊。
 
54. 鍾文玲(民82),釣魚者遊憩衝突認知之研究,戶外遊憩研究,6期(1/2),55-79頁。
 
55. 藍采風(民89),壓力與適應,台北:幼獅文化。
 
56. 羅惠筠、陳秀珍(譯)(民83),Charles G. Morris 著,現代心理學,台北:亞美出版社。
 
57. 蘇美玲(民87),都市公園使用者休閒態度之研究-以台北市大安公園為例,國立台灣大學園藝學系研究所碩士論文。
 
58. 蘇美卿(民92),基層員警工作壓力、因應策略與健康狀況關係之研究-以高雄市警察為例,高雄醫學大學行為科學研究所碩士論文。
 
二、英文部分
 
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19. Cronbach, L. J. (1990), Essentials of psychological testing (5th ed.), New York: Happer Collins.
 
20. Decker, P. J. & Borgen, F. H. (1993), Dimensions of work appraisal: Stress, strain, coping, job satisfaction and negative affectivity, Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol.40, No.4, pp.470-478.
 
21. Deutsch, M. (1973), Toward an understanding of conflict, Journal of Group Tensions, Vol.1, No.1, pp.42-54.
 
22. Ditton, R. B., Fedler, A. J. & Graefe A. R. (1983), Factors contributing toperceptions of recreation crowding, Leisure Sciences, Vol.5, No.4, pp. 273-286.
 
23. Driver, B. L., Brown, P. J. & Peterson, G. L. (1991), Benefits of leisure, Venture Publishing, Inc. State College.
 
24. Ensel, W. M. & Lin, N. (1991), The Life stress paradigm and psycho- logical distress, Journal of Health and Social Behavior, Vol.32, pp.321- 341.
 
25. Festinger, L. (1957), A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.
 
26. Fornell, C. & Larcker, D. F. (1981), Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error, Journal of Marketing Research, Vol.18, pp.39-50.
 
27. Graefe, A. R., Ditton, R. B., Roggenbuck, J. W. & Schreyer, R.(1984), Social carrying capacity: An integration and synthesis of twenty years of research, Leisure Science, Vol.6, No.4, pp.395-431.
 
28. Gramann, J. H. (1982), Toward A Behavioral Theory of Crowding in Outdoor Recreation: An Evaluation and Synthesis of Research, Leisure Science, Vol.5, pp.109-126.
 
29. Gramann, J. H. & Burdge, R. J. (1981), The effect of recreational goals on conflict perceptions: An evaluation and synthesis of research, Journal of Leisure Research, Vol.13, pp.15-27.
 
30. Greenhaus, J. H. & Parasuraman, S. (1986), A work-nonwork interactive perspective of stress and its consequences, Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, Vol.8, pp.37-60.
 
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