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研究生:衛恩廷
研究生(外文):An-Ting Wei
論文名稱:機台聯盟之建模與偵錯架構
論文名稱(外文):A Modeling and Detecting Architecture for Equipment Federation
指導教授:楊浩青楊浩青引用關係
指導教授(外文):Haw-Ching Yang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄第一科技大學
系所名稱:系統資訊與控制研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:逾時偵測派屈網路建模高階架構
外文關鍵詞:Petri-Nets modelingHigh Level ArchitectureTime-out Detection
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典型製造系統控管機台,常以採模組階層分工為其系統結構,達到機台監控與生產控管等主要製造功能。然於此種階層架構中,機台資訊常需歷經數層轉存與轉換才能為特定管控模組所用,在時間同步與資料一致性上存在相當多的問題;尤其當機台更易或重組時,在靜態階層架構下的功能模組的因應更是挑戰。
基於高階架構(High Level Architecture, HLA)所具的多角色聯盟同步互動特性,本研究建構出一可建模與管控機台的聯盟架構。在此架構下,各功能模組能彈性建立聯盟方式以徵求所管控機台而成為聯盟成員,除可節省成員間資訊層轉所需時間外;在HLA的時間同步機制下,更可確保聯盟內成員間資料的同步性與一致性。此外,本研究更建立機台監控與生產控管兩聯盟,對機台行為動態建構其派區網路為基礎的狀態模型,透過監控聯盟可根據機台模型以同步偵測該機台的逾時行為,即時反應至生產控管聯盟以調整該機台的派工任務,從而強化製造系統整體的異常反應能力。
在機台監控上,建模時間於每一檢查點約費時0.13s,聯盟成員間資料可於30ms內同步。在生產控管上,當實際機台行為發生逾時行為到系統反應,時間小於一般異常容忍值30秒。
The typical equipment architecture in a manufacturing system whose modules are designed to monitor and control the equipment is co-specialized hierarchy. In this kind of hierarchy, the fact that the equipment information usually should be retransmitted and transformed to the interested module before used causes such as time synchronization and data consistency problems. Moreover, in the static hierarchy, adapting equipment changed or reconfigured for the modules is a challenge.
Since High Level Architecture (HLA) supports multi-roles to synchronize and interact with others in a federation, this research proposes a HLA based federation architecture for equipment modeling and control. In the architecture, each functional module can flexibly build a federation to invite different equipment as a federate, time for information traveling can be reduced and data between federates can be synchronized. Besides, this research constructs two federations equipment monitor and production control, the equipment monitor module dynamically models equipment states by Petri-Nets, simultaneously detects the equipment time-out, and instantaneously informs the production control module for modifying the dispatched tasks and enhancing the exception response capability of the whole manufacturing system.
For equipment monitor, time for model building costs 0.13 s by each checking point, and information of federates is synchronized in 30 ms. For production control, time for response is less than tolerance 30 sec when an equipment occurs time-out. In general, the proposed federation architecture shows its effect for a manufacturing system.
中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.1.1工業課題 1
1.1.2相關研究 3
1.2問題定義與方法 8
1.3預期結果 10
第二章 聯盟化系統架構 11
2.1聯盟化之系統執行架構 11
2.1.1系統目標函數 14
2.2系統發展程序 15
2.2.1系統發展 15
2.2.2方法程序 18
2.2.3資料庫綱要與子系統關聯 24
第三章 案例實驗 25
3.1案例簡介 25
3.1.1案例背景 25
3.1.2硬體、軟體環境架構 26
3.1.3定義使用案例之假設 28
3.2實驗結果 29
3.2.1實驗設計 29
3.2.2系統的使用者介面與操作步驟 31
3.2.3案例簡介與應用 44
3.3案例分析與討論 46
第四章 結論 50
4.1未來研究方向 52
參 考 文 獻 53
附錄一 55
(Java Native Interface, JNI) JAVA原生介面 55
[1].Modeling and Simul ation Coordination Office, RTI 1.3-Next Generation Programmer’s Guide Version 3.2, 2008 .
[2].Le Chen, Yubo Chen, Yongli Yu, Liu Zhang, “Workflow Simulation for Maintenance Support of Electronic /instrument Based on HLA,” Proceedings of the Electronic and Instruments Conference, 2007.
[3].Yan-zhong ZHANG, Chang-zheng QU, Xiao-feng LI, Shi-ying LI, “HLA Federate Changing Method of Simulation Model in Petri Net Maintenance Process,” O. I. Automation,Vol. 26, No. 4, 2007.
[4].Simon J. E. Taylor, Xiaoguang Wang, Stephen John Turner, “Integrating Heterogeneous Distributed COTS Discrete-Event Simulation Packages: An Emerging Standards-Based Approach,” IEEE Transaction on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics, Vol. 36, No. 1, January 2006.
[5].Charles McLean and Frank Riddick, “Integration of Manufacturing Simulations Using HLA,” U.S.A.
[6].Hironori Hibino and Yoshiro Fukuda, “A Study on Support System for Distributed Simulation System of Manufacturing Systems Using HLA,” Japan.
[7].Toshihiro INUKAI, Hironori HIBINO and Yoshiro FUKUDA, “Simulation Environment Synchronizing Real Equipment for Manufacturing Cell,” Proceedings of Advanced Mechanical Design, System, and Manufacturing Conference, Vol. 1, No.2, 2007.
[8].黃漢邦,游志源,半導體廠自動化,半導體科技先進封裝測試,雜誌月刊,2001.
[9].RTI開發計畫,http://sslab.cs.nthu.edu.tw/~fppai/HLA/Presentation/RTI%20Message%20Service%20.ppt, 2008.
[10].國家時間與頻率標準實驗室,http://www.stdtime.gov.tw/chinese/home.htm,2008.
[11].Portico-0.8, http://porticoproject.org/, 2008.
[12].李宛玲,2008,具擴充性派區網路架構於重組態後機台行為之有效評估方式,國立高雄第一科技大學系統資訊與控制研究所碩士論文.
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