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研究生:蔡秋揚
研究生(外文):Chiu-yang Tsai
論文名稱:《好士兵》中的兩性關係與動盪的婚姻關係
論文名稱(外文):Gender Relationship and Shifting Marital Relationship in Ford Madox Ford’s The Good Soldier
指導教授:廖本瑞廖本瑞引用關係
指導教授(外文):Liao Pen-shui
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄師範大學
系所名稱:英語學系
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:98
中文關鍵詞:性別角色婚姻關係性別刻板印象婚外情
外文關鍵詞:gender rolemarital relationshipgender stereotypesextramarital affair
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本論文主要以性別理論與傳統的性別期待與刻板印象來探討《好士兵》中的人物,以及書中兩對夫妻的婚姻關係。
全文共分五章。第一章介紹福特麥德克斯福特(Ford Madox Ford)的寫作動機與性別期待與刻板印象的理論。這本書出版於第一次世界大戰期間,社會動盪不安,此時,人們對於性別角色的看法也有所變動。加上,福特本身複雜的感情生活,讓福特提筆寫出此本著作。第二章探討在傳統性別期待與刻板印象影響下書中人物的生活與行為。女性的社會地位不如男性,如同男性的財產,沒有自主權。雖然女性曾反抗此不平等,但最終還是因根深蒂固的性別刻板印象而失敗。第三章分析書中兩對夫妻的婚姻關係。Edward和Leonora儘可能地遵循傳統性別角色,但Dowell和Florence則與傳統婚姻模式不同。雖然兩對夫妻對傳統的婚姻有著不同的看法,但是最後都還是逃不過傳統性別刻板印象的影響。第四章主要探討婚外情的原因及原配與外遇者的心理狀態與反應。在傳統的性別刻板印象影響下,社會大眾對男女性外遇持有不同的看法與期待,不難看出女性在婚姻中處於低劣的地位。第五章結論,將前述四章的論點加以總結。
This thesis mainly discusses the marital relationship between the two couples in The Good Soldier in light of gender roles. The thesis applies the theory of gender expectations and gender stereotypes to analyze the behavior and attitudes of the protagonists. In discussing the differences between men and women and the expectations of the sex roles, why the protagonists in The Good Soldier have extramarital affairs repeatedly will be explored. Meanwhile, the thesis also puts the emphasis on the discussion that the way a couple deals with their marital problems when they encounter the crisis in their marriage.
This thesis is divided into five parts. Chapter One is a brief introduction to the biography of Ford Madox Ford and the background prompting Ford to write The Good Soldier. What’s more, the gender expectations and stereotypes will be briefly discussed to show what influences gender representation has caused in society and in marriage. In addition, Chapter One also focuses on the relationship between husband and wife. The gender role that people identify would affect the relationship in their marriage. If a husband thinks that he is the leader of the family and all his family should obey him, then the family life would be man-centered and he would have some trouble dealing with his marriage. Chapter Two analyzes the gender representation in The Good Soldier and takes a look at how the traditional gender expectations affect the protagonists’ life. Chapter Three puts emphasis on two main couples in The Good Soldier, Edward and Leonora as well as Dowell and Florence. This part illustrates the differences between two couples. The British couple belongs to a traditional marriage. Both of them follow the traditional gender expectations and do their best to conform to the conventions. However, the American couple does not follow the conventions and they take advantage of each other instead of caring for each other. Chapter Four emphasizes extramarital affairs. The factors that cause people to turn their attention and love away from their mates to others are the key points in this chapter. Besides, the mental state of adulterers and adulteresses is the other point. The last chapter concludes the arguments in the whole thesis. The protagonists in The Good Soldier are not able to manage their marriages well due to several reasons, especially in terms of the proper social construction of gender roles. In fact, the different expectations towards men and women obstruct the true love for their intimate partners.
Table of Contents

Chapter One Introduction………………………………………………1
I. Ford Madox Ford and the Background of the Novel………2
II. Gender Construction and Gender Stereotypes……………8

Chapter Two Gender Representation in The Good Soldier…19
I. Submissiveness as the Female Gender Construction……19
II. Male Dominance…………………………………………………29

Chapter Three Marital Relationships in The Good Soldier…40
I. Edward-Leonora Relation…………………41
II. Dowell-Florence Relation…………………………54

Chapter Four Extramarital Affairs in The Good Soldier……64
I. Factors Causing the Extramarital Affairs………………64
II. The Mental State of the Adulterer and the Adulteress…70
III. Inner Struggle and Reaction of Leonora and Dowell……75

Chapter Five Conclusion……………………………………85

Works Cited.....................................95
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