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研究生:黃志賢
研究生(外文):Ji-Hsien Huang
論文名稱:Fenton-like氧化處理河川底泥中半揮發性污染物:吸附性、有機質與去除效率之探討
論文名稱(外文):Evaluation of Removal and Sorption of Semi-volatile Organic Pollutants in River Sediments by Fenton-like Reaction
指導教授:葉桂君葉桂君引用關係
指導教授(外文):Kuei-Jyum Yeh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與科學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:81
中文關鍵詞:底泥硝基苯Fenton-like吸附有機質腐植素
外文關鍵詞:SedimentNitrobenzeneFenton-like oxidationSorptionOrganic mattersHumin
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本研究以Fenton-like法氧化受污染底泥,供試底泥採自高屏地區五條不同污染源排放類型(工業區、生活污水/畜牧區)之河川底泥(鹽水港、後勁、牛角灣、龍頸、武洛),並且以外添加硝基苯(Nitrobenzene, NB)作為半揮發性污染物質之指標污染物。探討重點為Fenton-like氧化前後,各河川底泥對於指標污染物之吸附性及有機質對於氧化效率之影響。亦對底泥進行Fenton-like試驗,求取最佳參數比例來氧化分解底泥中指標污染物-硝基苯。而本研究所得之氧化參數及結果,將可用來預期以Fenton-like氧化技術處理不同類型河川底泥之可行性。
結果顯示底泥NB吸附及氧化試驗以添加1% H2O2,添加五次,相較於未氧化之底泥NB吸附,可降低NB吸附量至多17.8%。造成氧化後底泥對NB吸附降低原因可能為氧化後之河川底泥釋放出大量有機質於水相中,使得底泥吸附NB能力下降。NB氧化去除以鹽水港溪為五溪中NB去除率最高者(98%),其次為後勁溪(82%) > 武洛溪(67%) > 龍頸溪(64%) > 牛角灣溪(27%),前者底泥有機質量高,顯示有機質可促進Fenton-like氧化。本研究成果顯示,底泥中有機質助氧化效率之角色使Fenton-like技術對於富含鐵氧礦物與有機質之河川底泥具有良好的有機污染物去除效率。

In this study, we treated the contaminated sediments by Fenton-like oxidation. Adding nitrobenzene (NB) as indicator of semi-volatile pollutants. The sediments from Yanshuigang river, Houjin river, Niujiaowan river, Longjing river and Wuluo river were tested to represent samples from industrial , residential and husbandry areas. This study focused on the adsorption of NB in the river sediments, and the role of organic matters before and after Fenton-like oxidation. The oxidation parameters and results were expected to help the evaluation of treating different types of contaminanted river sediments by Fenton-like technology.
The results showed after oxidation (1% H2O2, 5 times), NB adsorption in the river sediments was reduced up to 17.8%, large amounts of sediment organic matters were released to the water phase, which may reduce adsorption NB in the river sediments. The O.C. of sediment could enhance the efficiency.
The highest removal rate of NB is the sediments collected from Yanshuigang river (98 %), followed by Houjin river (82 %) > Wuluo river (67 %) > Longjing river (64 %) > Niujiaowan river (27 %). Although a great quantity of organic pollutants could be sorbed to high contents of sediment organic matters in Yanshuigang river, but the results showed that Fenton-like oxidation would be promoted by sediment organic matters.

摘要 I
Abstract III
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 2
第2章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 高屏溪流域 3
2.2 河川污染來源 3
2.3 半揮發性污染物(semi-volatile pollutants) 4
2.3-1 半揮發性物質 4
2.3-2 硝基苯(nitrobenzene, NB) 5
2.4 硝基苯於底泥中之吸附特性 8
2.5 現地化學整治技術 9
2.6 Fenton化學氧化法 12
2.7 Fenton-like化學氧化法 15
2.8 Fenton-like化學氧化法影響因子 19
2.8.1 系統中溫度與pH 19
2.8.2 系統中過氧化氫添加量 21
2.8.3 系統中鐵氧礦物種類與添加量 23
2.8.4 系統中有機質量 24
第3章 材料與方法 26
3.1 實驗材料 26
3.1.1 供試底泥來源 26
3.1.2 實驗藥劑 32
3.2 實驗設備 33
3.3 實驗方法 33
3.3.1 底泥基本分析 35
3.3.2 硝基苯吸附實驗 36
3.3.3 硝基苯分析條件 36
3.3.4 底泥化學需氧量(Chemical oxygen demand, COD)測定 36
3.3.5 底泥Fenton-like試驗 37
3.3.6 底泥中半揮發性污染物之Fenton-like氧化試驗 37
第4章 結果與討論 39
4.1 底泥基本性質 39
4.1.1 底泥粒徑分析 39
4.1.2 底泥中鐵氧礦物含量 42
4.1.3 底泥之pH值與BET比表面積測定 44
4.1.4 底泥有機質成分分析 44
4.2 氧化前底泥NB吸附試驗之探討 46
4.2.1 鹽度之影響 46
4.2.2 吸附平衡時間選定 48
4.2.3 氧化前之NB吸附 48
4.2.4 有機質對吸附之影響 50
4.3 底泥Fenton-like氧化對NB吸附的影響 60
4.3.1 底泥有機質特性之變化 60
4.3.2 硝基苯吸附之變化 61
4.4 底泥中半揮發性污染物Fenton-like氧化試驗之探討 64
4.4.1 氧化劑添加次數對NB去除之影響 64
4.4.2 氧化效率與底泥有機質之相關性 66
4.4.3 底泥鐵氧礦物對去除率之影響 66
4.4.4 比表面積與 NB去除率之相關性 67
4.5 有機質對氧化效率之影響 70
4.5.1 牛角灣溪氧化探討 70
4.5.2 武洛溪與龍頸溪氧化探討 70
4.5.3 鹽水港溪與後勁溪氧化探討 71
第5章 結論與建議 73
5.1 結論 73
5.2 建議 74
參考文獻 75
作者簡介 81


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