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研究生:張心怡
研究生(外文):Hsin-yi Chang
論文名稱:組織成員政治知覺的形成因素:兼顧個體與總體層面的跨層次分析
論文名稱(外文):The Antecedents of Politics Perceptions of Organizational Members –A Cross-level Analysis of Both individual and overall levels
指導教授:何金銘何金銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chin-Ming Ho
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:人力資源管理研究所
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:100
中文關鍵詞:組織政治知覺正式化集權化組織規模組織層級正面情感負面情感馬基維利人格傾向
外文關鍵詞:Perceptions of organizational politicsOrganizational hierarchical LevelPositive affectNegative affectThe degree of centralizationThe degree of centralizationOrganization sizeMachiavellianism
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:6
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  • 下載下載:137
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本研究以軍方、公私立醫院、公私立學校、政府機關、公營服務業/製造業、民營金融服務業、民營服務業、民營高科技製造業及民營傳統製造業等九大類41個機關為研究對象,抽樣時間從96年12月21日起至97年1月11日止,共計發出2,133份問卷,回收1,940份,回收率達91.0%,剔除無效問卷50份,有效問卷為1,890份,有效問卷回收率88.6%。調查資料分別使用描述性統計、信度分析、相關分析、探索性因素分析、層級線性模型等分析方法。
  本研究結果發現:
1.組織成員的馬基維利人格傾向對組織成員的政治知覺有顯著影響。
2.組織成員的正面情感對組織成員的政治知覺有顯著影響。
3.組織成員的負面情感對組織成員的政治知覺有顯著影響。
4.組織的集權化對組織成員的政治知覺有顯著影響。
5.組織的正式化對組織成員的政治知覺無顯著影響。
6.組織層級對組織成員的政治知覺無顯著影響。
7.組織規模對組織成員的政治知覺無顯著影響。
8.組織的集權化對「組織成員的馬基維利人格傾向對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
9.組織的正式化對「組織成員的馬基維利人格傾向對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
10.組織的層級對「組織成員的馬基維利人格傾向對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
11.組織的規模對「組織成員的馬基維利人格傾向對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
12.組織的集權化對「組織成員的正面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
13.組織的正式化對「組織成員的正面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
14.組織的規模對「組織成員的正面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
15.組織的層級對「組織成員的正面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
16.組織的集權化對「組織成員的負面情感對政治知覺的影響力」具干擾效果。
17.組織的正式化對「組織成員的負面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
18.組織的規模對「組織成員的負面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
19.組織的層級對「組織成員的負面情感對政治知覺的影響力」不具干擾效果。
The study population consisted of 41 institutions from 9 categories which were military, public or private hospital, public or private school, governmental agency, public-operated service industry, public-operated manufacturing industry, privately operated financial service industry, privately operated service industry, privately operated high tech manufacturing industry and privately operated traditional manufacturing industry. The survey started on December 21st2007 and continued until January 11th 2008.We totally sent out 2,133 questionnaires, returned 1,940 questionnaires, the returns-ratio reached 91.0%, eliminated invalid questionnaires were 50, the effective questionnaires were 1,890,effective questionnaires returns-ratio was 88.6%. Data was analyzed by using descriptive statistics, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, exploring factor analysis and level linear model.
The major results of this study are as following:
1.Machiavellianism of organizational members has a significant effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
2.Positive affect of organizational members has a significant effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
3.Negative affect of organizational members has a significant effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
4.The degree of centralization has a significant effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
5.The degree of formalization has no effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
6.Organizational hierarchical Level has no effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
7.Organization size has no effect on perceptions of organizational politics.
8.The degree of centralization has no moderate effect on the relationship between machiavellianism and perceptions of organizational politics.
9.The degree of formalization has no moderate effect on the relationship between machiavellianism and perceptions of organizational politics.
10.Organizational hierarchical Level has no moderate effect on the relationship between machiavellianism and perceptions of organizational politics.
11.Organization size has no moderate effect on the relationship between machiavellianism and perceptions of organizational politics.
12.The degree of centralization has no moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
13.The degree of formalization has no moderate effect on the relationship between negative affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
14.Organization size has no moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
15.Organizational hierarchical Level has no moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
16.The degree of centralization has moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
17.The degree of formalization has no moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
18.Organization size has no moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
19.Organizational hierarchical Level has no moderate effect on the relationship between positive affect of organizational members and perceptions of organizational politics.
目錄 I
表目錄 II
圖目錄 III

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究動機 1
第二節 研究目的 2
第三節 研究步驟 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
第一節 組織的形成及組織結構要素 4
第二節 知覺及組織政治知覺的定義 6
第三節 組織政治知覺的形成因素及其相關研究 8
第三章 研究方法 16
第一節 研究架構 16
第二節 研究假設 17
第三節 分析方法 18
第四節 操作型定義與衡量工具 19
第五節 研究對象 23
第四章 實證分析 26
第一節 描述統計與量表信度分析 26
第二節 前因變數與組織政治知覺的關聯性 29
第三節 組織成員政治知覺的形成因素--層級線性模型分析 31
第五章 結論與建議 36
第一節 結論 36
第二節 管理實務建議 42
第三節 研究限制及後續研究建議 44
中文參考書目 45
英文參考書目 47
附錄一:「工作環境氣氛認知及其對工作態度之影響」研究問卷 52
附錄二:「工作環境氣氛認知及其工作態度之影響」調查問卷樣本描述 55
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