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研究生:黃永杰
研究生(外文):Yong-Che Huang
論文名稱:兩岸間的產業內貿易
論文名稱(外文):Vertical and Horizontal Intra–Industry Trade between Taiwan and China
指導教授:蔡蕙安蔡蕙安引用關係翁嘉禧翁嘉禧引用關係
指導教授(外文):Diana HweiAn TsaiJia-Hsi Wang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:中國與亞太區域研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:區域研究學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:88
中文關鍵詞:垂直產業內貿易產業分工水平產業內貿易
外文關鍵詞:vertical intra- industry tradeIntra- industry tradehorizontal intra-industry
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國際貿易的發展在台灣經濟發展史上扮演極重要角色,近年來在國際化與區域化潮流下,台灣面臨極大的挑戰。特別是在2008面臨世界性的經濟衰退、大東亞經濟圈的成型、台灣與大陸間政經關係的改善等等劇烈變化。兩岸間的貿易關係不僅是國際貿易間的利得關係,更對台灣的國家整體安定發展有深遠影響。兩岸產業間分工與合作更是創造雙贏局面的基礎。本文藉由分析在2000年到2008 年兩岸產業間與產業內間貿易的結構變動來分析兩岸產業分工與合作的現象。我們發現源自於高品質與低品質產品間貿易變化所造成的水平的與垂直的產業內貿易源自於市場規模,需求相似度,貿易不均所造成的。也檢定其他如貿易障礙,外國直接投資等影響因素。我們發現整體而言,產業內貿易指數是在上升的狀態 而且大部分的產業內貿易產都屬於垂直的產業內貿易型態。本文並探討近年來 台灣當局在面對全球性經濟衰退與中國大陸大陸所採取之政策措施,並分析其政策意涵。
International trade plays an important role in Taiwan economic development. In recent years, under the globalization and regionalization tendencies, Taiwan faced huge challenges. The international relationship between Taiwan and China had been improved a lot. The bilateral trade between Taiwan and China is the getting more and more important. This paper measures intra- industry trade (IIT) indicators between
Taiwan and China from 2000 to 2008 to analyze the bilateral trade structure between Taiwan and China. I analyze further how the horizontal or the vertical IIT is
orientated by relative unit va lue of imports and exports to identify differences in the quality of products traded between Taiwan and China. We also investigate market size, demand similarity, and trade imbalance to be determinants of the IIT structure. Other
influenc ing factors include foreign direct Investment and barriers to trade. The empirical results show that, in general, the number of industries that engage in IIT
and the overall level of IIT have been increased. We also find that the majority of IIT industries belongs to vertical IIT (VIIT), and the pattern of expansion is dominated by VIIT as well. For most industries, Chinese products imported from Taiwan are
generally of a higher quality than the products Taiwanese products imported from China. And furthermore the policy implications discussions on the Government’s promoting domestic and cross strait economy measures are conducted and derived.
1 Introduction.1
2 Theories and Literatures Review.8
3 The General Performance in Bilateral Trade between Taiwan and China 23
4 The Measures of Intra-Industry Trade 31
5 The Determinants of Intra-Industry Trade..42
6 Policy Implications.57
7 Conclusions and Suggestions.67
References..69
Appendix...72
List of Tables
Table Page
1.1 Taiwan Investment in Mainland China 1
1.2 The Major Export Goods from Taiwan to China in 2007 and 2008..4
1.3 The Major Import Goods From China to Taiwan in 2007 and 2008.5
2.1 The Different Types of Trade..16
2.2 The Studies on Bilateral Trade between Taiwan and China.20
3.1 Trade between Taiwan and China under the Global Financial Tsunami
in 2008..24
3.2 The Share of Cross-Straits Trade in Taiwan Total Foreign Trade.25
3.3 Trends in bilateral trade between Taiwan and China in 2000 to 200.26
3.4 Major Export Goods from Taiwan to Mainland China in 2007 and 2008.27
3.5 Major Import Goods from Mainland China to Taiwan in 2007 and 2008.28
3.6 Taiwan Investment in Mainland China29
4.1 The Intra-Industry Trade and Inter-Industry Trade in 300 Industries of
8 digit HS code..36
4.2 The Ratio of Intra-Industry Trade Versus the Total Trade.38
4.3 The Main Commodities GL index between Taiwan and China
in 2000 to 2008..39
4.4 HIIT and VIIT in the Intra-Industry Industries..39
4.5 The Ratio of HIIT versus VIIT in Intra-Industry Trades ..40
5.1 The Definitions of Independent Variables.46
5.2 The Variables Affected IIT on the Result of OLS..46
5.3 Definitions of the independent variables on IT Industry IIT index..49
5.4 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 2701 commodities.49
5.5 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 2917 commodities50
5.6 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 3903 commodities..50
5.7 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 7207 commodities..51
5.8 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 7219 commodities..51
5.9 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 8471 commodities..52
5.10 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 8504 commodities52
5.11 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 8525 commodities53
5.12 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 8534 commodities53
5.13 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 8541 commodities54
5.14 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 8542 commodities54
5.15 The OLS results on variables affecting the H.S. code 9013 commodities55
5.16 Conclusions of OLS Results on The Main Commodities Taiwan export
to China.55
6.1 The International Trade of Taiwan in 2008.59
6.2 Trade between Taiwan and China in 2008..59
6.3 The Estimated effects of “Three Direct Links Policy” on Taiwan
investment in China..62
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