(3.238.173.209) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/08 15:28
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李春滿
研究生(外文):Chun-Man Lee
論文名稱:鮑爾溫小說《山巔宏音》中的黑人教會與黑人社群
論文名稱(外文):Black Church and Black Community in James Baldwin’s Go Tell It on the Mountain
指導教授:張錦忠張錦忠引用關係
指導教授(外文):Tee Kim Tong
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:145
中文關鍵詞:黑人社群鮑爾溫山巔宏音黑人教會
外文關鍵詞:racismHarlemblack communityblack churchblack musiclandscape
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:189
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本論文嘗試探討詹姆士.鮑爾溫第一本小說《山巔宏音》中的黑人教會及黑人社群,特別是試圖了解為何宗教(基督教)對非裔美人產生沉重的陰影。筆者主張鮑爾溫一方面藉由引述聖經典故、章節及教會歌曲生動地描述了一個活生生的虔誠黑人社群,另一方面,他卻藉由如藍調般充滿憂傷又詼諧的敘述口吻沉靜地控訴一個靈魂空洞的黑人教會。第一章以《山巔宏音》為主要文本,而與其自傳性短文《下回是火》比較閱讀,探討鮑德溫與神永不休止的爭戰。第二章說明黑人教會之興起與發展,試圖解釋黑人社群為何及如何接納當初默不關心的白人上帝成為他們的上帝。第三章,就哈林位於資本主義大城市“紐約”內的地理位置,探討哈林黑人社區縮影的重要性(以及無力感)。第四章討論黑人教會的表演藝術,和黑人教會之外的世俗音樂。鮑德溫聰明地借上帝的矛和盾--聖經語言和黑人音樂--作為他的書寫工具。最後,筆者斷定《山巔宏音》為鮑德溫作為一個世俗世界的寓言,因為在《山巔宏音》中,他已經像唱藍調福音般地對世界講述一則寓言。
This thesis aims to investigate the black church and black community in James Baldwin’s first novel, Go Tell It on the Mountain. Particularly, it probes how and why the religion, namely Christianity, casts a loaded shadow for African Americans. I argue that Baldwin, on the one hand, vigorously illustrates a bodily pious black community by bombarding us with heaps of biblical texts and church songs; on the other hand, he serenely indicts a spiritually hollow black church by narrating a blues-like comically sad tone. I discuss Baldwin’s relentless wrestle with God in Chapter One. I suggest reading Go Tell It on the Mountain together with Baldwin’s essay, The Fire Next Time, to flesh out the weighty issue of religion in the text. Since black community and black church generally symbolizes each other in the early history of Africa American lives, I make a detour to explore the emergence and development of the Black Church in Chapter Two. It is also an attempt to explain how the white God in the U.S.A. becomes black and how and why black community eventually accepts the then indifferent God to be their own. In Chapter Three, I look into the importance (and impotence) of the epitome of black community—Harlem—in terms of its geographical location, position, and structure within the capitalist metropolis, New York. This chapter travels with John Grimes, the protagonist, to see the white man’s world and to investigate the impossibility and oxymoron of “black flâneur.” Then I discuss in Chapter Four the performing arts of the Black Church, as well as the secular music outside of the Black Church. Baldwin intelligently borrows God’s spear and shield—the language in the Bible and the music played inside (and later outside) the Black Church—as his writing tool to tell a gospel-like parable. At last, I would conclude that GTIM serves as a parable of the secular world for Baldwin has sung a blues gospel to the world.
Table of Contents
Introduction ……1
Chapter One Baldwin’s Wrestle with God: Go Tell It on the Mountain and The Fire Next Time ……17
Chapter Two “I am the LORD Your God”: The Crippled Almighty God and Black Church ……40
Chapter Three The Black Boy Looks at the White Man’s City: A “Black Flâneur” from the Valley ……59
Chapter Four God’s Spear and Shield: Language and Music in Go Tell It on the Mountain ……84
Conclusion ……109
Works Cited ……113
Appendices ……123
Allen, Richard. “The Life, Experience, and Gospel Labours of Rt. Rev. Richard Allen.” Wideman, ed. 22-69.
Allen, Shirley S. “The Ironic Voice in Baldwin''s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” O’Daniel, ed. 30-37.
Andrews, Dale P. Practical Theology for Black Churches: Bridging Black Theology and African Folk Religion. Louisville: Westminster John Knox, 2002.
Baker, Houston A., Jr. Blues, Ideology, and Afro-American Literature: A Vernacular Theory. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1984.
---. “The Embattled Craftsman: An Essay on James Baldwin,” Standley and Burt, eds. 62-77.
---. Long Black Song. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1990.
---. “There Is No More Beautiful Way: Theory and the Poetics of Afro-American Women’s Writing.” Baker and Redmond, eds. 135-163.
---. Workings of the Spirit: The Poetics of Afro-American Women’s Writing. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1991.
Baker, Houston A., Jr., and Patricia Redmond, eds. Afro-American Literature Study in the 1990s. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1989.
Baldwin, James. Conversations with James Baldwin. Standley and Pratt, eds.
---. The Evidence of Things Not Seen. Cutchogue, New York: Buccaneer, 1985.
---. The Fire Next Time. 1963. New York: Modern Library, 1995.
---. Go Tell It on the Mountain. 1953. New York: Dell, 1985
---. Nobody Knows My Name. 1961. New York: Vintage, 1993.
---. The Price of the Ticket: Collected Nonfiction 1948-1985. New York: St. Martin’s, 1985.
---. “The Uses of the Blues.” Playboy Jan. 1964: 19 pars. 14 Dec. 2008 <http://facstaffwebs. umes.edu/drcooledge/ENGl324/the_uses_of_the_blues.htm>
Balfour, Lawrie. “Finding the Words: Baldwin, Race Consciousness, and Democratic Theory.” McBride, ed. 75-99.
Barksdale, Richard K. “Temple of the Fire Baptized.” Standley and Burt, eds. 145-6.
Benjamin, Walter. Walter Benjamin: Selected Writings, Vol. 4, 1938-1940. Ed. Michael W. Jennings. Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap, 2003.
Beliele, Kelvin. “The Prophetic Burden: James Baldwin as a Latter-Day Jeremiah.” Griesinger and Eaton, eds. 187-206.
Bloom, Harold, ed. Modern Critical Views: James Baldwin. New York: Chelsea, 1986.
Boyd, Herb. Baldwin’s Harlem: A Biography of James Baldwin. New York: Atria, 2008.
Bradley, David. Introduction. Wright vii-xix.
Brooks, Joanna. American Lazarus: Religion and the Rise of African-American and Native American Literatures. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2003.
Brooks, A. Russell. “James Baldwin as Poet-Prophet.” O’Daniel, ed. 56-68.
Casmier, Stephen J., and Donald H. Matthews. “Why Scatting Is Like Speaking In Tongues: Post-Modern Reflections on Jazz, Pentecostalism and ‘Africosmysticism’.” Literature and Theology 13.2 (1999): 166-76.
Clark, Keith. “Baldwin, Communitas, and the Black Masculinist Tradition.” Harris, ed. 127-56.
Crawford, Margo Natalie. “The Reclamation of the Homoerotic as Spiritual in Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Henderson, ed. 75-86.
Csapó, Csaba. “Race, Religion and Sexuality in Go Tell It on the Mountain.” Henderson, ed. 57-74.
Dance, Daryl C. “You Can’t Go Home Again: James Baldwin and the South.” Standley and Burt, eds. 54-61.
Dixon, Melvin. Ride Out the Wilderness: Geography and Identity in Afro-American Literature. Urbana: Illinois UP, 1987.
Douglas, Kelly Brown. Sexuality and the Black Church: A Womanist Perspective. 1999. New York: Orbis, 2003.
Du Bois, W. E. B. The Souls of Black Folk. 1903. New York: Signet, 1982.
Ellis, Cassandra M. “The Black Boy Looks at the Silver Screen: Baldwin as Moviegoer.” Miller, ed. 190-214.
Field, Douglas. “Pentecostalism and All that Jazz: Tracing James Baldwin’s Religion.” Literature and Theology 22.2 (2008): 1-22.
Forman, James. The Making of Black Revolutionaries. Seattle: Washington UP, 1997. 80-92.
Foster, David E. “’Cause My House Fell Down:’ The Theme of the Fall in Baldwin’s Novels.” Critique 13.2 (1971): 50-62.
Gates, Henry Louis, Jr. Thirteen Ways of Looking at a Black Man. New York: Vintage, 1998.
---, ed. “Race,” Writing, and Difference. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1985.
Gilman, Sander L. “Black Bodies, White Bodies: Toward an Iconography of Female Sexuality in Late Nineteenth-Century Art, Medicine, and Literature.” Gates, ed. 223-261.
Gilroy, Paul. The Black Atlantic: Modernity and Double Consciousness. 1993. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 2003
Griesinger, Emily, and Mark Eaton. eds. The Gift of Story: Narrating Hope in a Postmodern World. Waco, Texas: Baylor UP, 2006.
Hardy, Clarence E. III. James Baldwin''s God: Sex, Hope, and Crisis in Black Holiness Culture. Knoxville: Tennessee, 2003.
Harris, Trudier. Black Women in the Fiction of James Baldwin. Knoxville: Tennessee UP, 1985.
---. Introduction. New Essays on Go Tell It on the Mountain. Harris, ed. 1-28.
---, ed. New Essays on Go Tell It on the Mountain. New York: Cambridge UP, 2002.
Heinze, Denise. The Dilemma of “Double-Consciousness”: Toni Morrison’s Novels. Athens and London: Georgia UP, 1993.
Herget, Winfried, and Alfred Hornung, eds. Religion in African-American Culture. Heidelberg: Universitatsverlag, 2006.
Henderson, Carol E. “Betwixt and Between the Cross: The ‘Eve’ Complex in Baldwin''s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Henderson, ed. 87-102.
---, ed. James Baldwin''s Go Tell it on the Mountain: Historical and Critical Essays. New York, NY: Peter Lang, 2006.
The Holy Bible: King James Version. New York: Ivy, 1991.
Johnson, Charles, Patricia Smith, and WGBH Research Team, eds. Africans in America: America''s Journey through Slavery. Harcourt: New York, 1998.
Johnson, James Weldon. God''s Trombones: Seven Negro Sermons in Verse. New York: Penguin, 1990.
Kun, Josh. “Life According to the Beat: James Baldwin, Bessie Smith, and the Perilous Sounds of Love.” McBride, ed. 307-28.
Leeming, David. James Baldwin: A Biography. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1994.
Lewis, R.W. B. The American Adam: Innocence, Tragedy, and Tradition in the Nineteenth Century. Chicago: Chicago UP, 1955.
Lundén, Rolf. “The Progress of a Pilgrim: James Baldwin’s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Studia Neophilologica: A Journal of Germanic and Romance Languages and Literature 53.1 (1981): 113-26.
Lynch, Michael F. “A Glimpse of the Hidden God: Dialectical Vision in Baldwin’s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Harris, ed. 29-57.
---. “Staying Out of the Temple: Baldwin, the African American Church, and the Amen Corner.” Miller, ed. 33-71.
May, Vivian M. “Ambivalent Narratives, Fragmented Selves: Performative Identities and the Mutability of Roles in James Baldwin''s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Harris, ed. 97-126.
M’Baye, Babacar. “African Retentions in Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Henderson, ed. 41-54.
McBride, Dwight A. ed. James Baldwin Now. New York: New York UP, 1999.
Miller, D. Quentin. ed. Re-Viewing James Baldwin: Things Not Seen. Philadelphia: Temple UP, 2000.
Morrison, Toni. Beloved. Vintage: New York, 2004.
---. Playing in the Dark: Whiteness and the Literary Imagination. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard UP, 1992.
Myrdal, Gunnar. “The Negro Church in the Negro Community.” Nelsen et al., eds. 82-90.
---. “The Negro Church: Its Weakness, Trends, and Outlook.” Nelsen et al., eds. 257-64.
Nelsen Hart M., Raytha L. Yokley, and Anne K. Nelsen, eds. The Black Church in America. New York: Basic, 1971.
Noel, Ignatiev. Foreword. Wright vii-xix.
Norman, Brian J. “Duplicity, Purity, and Politicized Morality: Go Tell it on the Mountain and the Emergence of the Civil Rights Movement.” Henderson, ed. 13-27.
Obama, Barack. “Barack Obama’s Speech on Race: We the People, in Order to Form a More Perfect Union.” New York Times on the Web 18 Mar. 2008, 23 June 2009 <http:// www.nytimes.com/2008/03/18/us/politics/18text-obama.html>
---. Dreams from My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance. New York: Crown, 2004.
---. Interview with Rick Warren. Reader’s Digest Feb. 2009: 39-45.
O’Daniel, Therman, ed. James Baldwin: A Critical Evaluation. Washington D.C.: Howard UP, 1981.
Olson, Barbara K. “’Come-to-Jesus Stuff’ in James Baldwin’s Go Tell it on the Mountain and The Amen Corner.” African American Review 31.2 (1997): 295-301.
O’Neale, Sondra A., “Fathers, Gods, and Religion: Perceptions of Christianity and Ethnic Faith in James Baldwin.” Standley and Hall, eds. 126-43.
Orsagh, Jacqueline E. “Baldwin’s Female Characters: A Step Forward?” Therman, ed. 56-68.
Pinckney, Darryl. “Obama & the Black Church.” The New York Review of Books 17 July 2008, 23 June 2009 <http://www.nybooks.com/articles/21611>
Porter, Horace A. “The South in Go Tell it on the Mountain: Baldwin''s Personal Confrontation.” Harris, ed. 59-76.
---. Stealing the Fire: The Art and Protest of James Baldwin. Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan UP, 1989.
Rosenblatt, Roger. “Out of Control: Go Tell It on the Mountain and Another Country.” Bloom, ed. 77-96.
Scruggs, Charles. “The Tale of Two Cities in James Baldwin''s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” American Literature 52.1 (1980): 1-17.
Sidbury, James. Becoming African in America: Race and Nation in the Early Black Atlantic. New York: Oxford UP, 2007.
Simawe, Saadi A. “What is in a Sound? The Metaphysics and Politics of Music in the Amen Corner.” Miller, ed. 12-32.
Singleton, Jermaine. “Sacred and Silent (Man)Ufacturing: Melancholy, Race and the Gendered Politics of Testifying in James Baldwin’s Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Henderson, ed. 105-21.
Spurlin, William J. “Go Tell it on the Mountain and Cold War Tropes of National Belonging: Homoerotic Desire and the Redemption of Betrayal Under Black Nationalism.” Henderson, ed. 29-39.
Standley, Fred L. “Go Tell it on the Mountain: Religion as the Indirect Method of Indictment.” Standley and Burt, eds. 188-94.
Standley, Fred L., and Louis H. Pratt, eds. Conversations with James Baldwin. Jackson: Mississippi UP, 1989.
Standley, Fred L., and Nancy V. Burt, eds. Critical Essays on James Baldwin. G. H. Hall: Boston, 1988.
Thelwell, Ekwueme Michael. Interview. Boyd 189-97.
Tóibín, Colm. “James Baldwin and Barack Obama.” Rev. of Notes of a Native Son, by James Baldwin, and Dreams from My Father, by Barrack Obama. The New York Review of Books 23 Oct. 2008, 30 Oct. 2008 <http://www.nybooks.com/articles/ 21930/>
Tuan, Yi-Fu. Escapism. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1998.
Traylor, Eleanor W. “Response to ‘the First-Person in Afro-American Fiction’.” Baker and Redmond, eds. 128-34.
Troupe, Quincy. Interview. Boyd 198-203.
Truffin, Sherry R. “’Terrors of the Night’: Salvation, Gender, and the Gothic in Go Tell it on the Mountain.” Henderson, ed. 123-37.
Viswanathan, Gauri. Masks of Conquest: Literary Study and British Rule in India. New York: Columbia UP, 1989.
---. “Secularism in the Framework of Heterodoxy.” PMLA 123.2 (2008): 466-76.
Washington, Bryan R. “Wrestling with ‘the Love that Dare Not Speak its Name’: John, Elisha, and the ‘Master’.” Harris, ed. 77-96.
West, Cornel. Prophesy Deliverance! An Afro-American Revolutionary Christianity. Philadelphia: Westminster, 1982.
---. Race Matters. New York: Vintage, 1994.
Wideman, John Edgar. Introduction. Wideman, ed. 8-16.
---, ed. My Soul Has Grown Deep: Classics of Early African-American Literature. Philadelphia: Running, 2001.
Work, John W. Folk Songs of the American Negro. 1915. Santa Barbara: Greenwood, 1970.
Wright, Richard. 12 Million Black Voices. 1941. New York: Basic, 2002.
Discography
24-Carat Black. Ghetto: Misfortune’s Wealth. Stax UK. 1999.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔