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研究生:孫偉禎
研究生(外文):Wei-jhen Sun
論文名稱:動物性誘引劑誘捕福壽螺成效的探討
論文名稱(外文):The effectiveness of animal attractants to the apple snail Pomacea canaliculata
指導教授:劉莉蓮
指導教授(外文):Li-Lian Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:福壽螺誘引劑
外文關鍵詞:attractantsPomacea canaliculata
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福壽螺(Pomacea canaliculata)危害台灣水生農作物多年仍無法有效徹底防治,使用化學藥劑消滅福壽螺雖然普遍,但是長久使用將導致福壽螺抗藥性產生與農地藥物殘留問題。本論文探討誘引劑在野外施用之誘引效果,實驗分別對誘引劑、誘捕器、環境因子三個部分進行,結果顯示生雞血、魚溶漿、香蕉在野外環境均有誘捕效果,所誘捕的福壽螺與背景福壽螺體型大小無顯著差異,此外,其它生物如梯形福壽螺、石田螺、扁蜷、負子蟲、水蠆、蝌蚪、大肚魚、三斑鬥魚也會受到吸引;二孔式誘捕籠與漏斗式入口裝設可以有效的增加誘捕數量,誘捕容器的放置時間不低於12小時有較佳的誘集效果,整體而言,在靜止水域,福壽螺背景密度在6.2± 6.1 - 50.3±14.2隻/m2的條件下,在誘引劑分別為生雞血、魚溶漿或香蕉時,誘捕數目與福壽螺背景密度分別為負相關(p < 0.001)、正相關(p < 0.05)及不相關(p > 0.05),本結果支持背景密度較高的區域之福壽螺由於食物不缺乏,所以對於誘餌氣味的趨性較不明顯的說法。
The apple snail, Pomacea canaliculata has made a tremendous threat to aquatic agricultural crops for many years. But safe and effective methods to eliminate them are still not available. Traditionally, pesticides are the most common way to kill apple snails. However, the occurrence of drug resistance and drug residual causes even more serious problems. The present study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of attractants to apple snails in the fields. The experiments included the effectiveness of different attractants and trap designs under different environmental conditions. It was found that attractants of banana pulp, chicken blood and condensed fish soluble were effective with at least 12-hour trapping time. The sizes of attracted snails were similar to the ambient snails. Snails (Pomacea scalaris, Sinotaia quadrata, Planorbioidae spp.), insects (Sphaerodema rustica, water scorpion),tadpole and fishes (Poecilia reticulate, Trichogaster trichopterus) were also found in the traps. Besides, two-opening traps with funnel entrance were more effective than the traps without funnel entrance. In general, in still water with ambient density of apple snails range from 6.2± 6.1 to 50.3±14.2 individual/m2,the relationship between attracted snails and ambient snail density was negative in chicken blood group (p < 0.001), positive in condensed fish soluble (p < 0.05) and no trend in banana group (p > 0.05). The results support the hypothesis that areas with abundant food usually have high snails density and those snails are less attracted by potential food items.
中文摘要-----------------------------------------------------------Ⅰ
英文摘要-----------------------------------------------------------Ⅱ
目錄-----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅲ
圖目錄--------------------------------------------------------------Ⅳ
附錄-----------------------------------------------------------------Ⅴ
一、前言------------------------------------------------------------1
二、材料方法------------------------------------------------------5
三、結果-----------------------------------------------------------10
四、討論-----------------------------------------------------------14
參考文獻-----------------------------------------------------------18
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