(3.80.6.131) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/14 02:04
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

: 
twitterline
研究生:邱百合
研究生(外文):Pai-Ho Chiu
論文名稱:日本土佐灣之布氏鯨族群及聲學研究
論文名稱(外文):Studies on the population and acoustic signals of Bryde’s whales (Balaenoptera edeni) in Tosa Bay, Japan
指導教授:莫顯蕎莫顯蕎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hin-Kiu Mok
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:英文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:布氏鯨個體辨識聲音類型
外文關鍵詞:individual identificationBalaenoptera edenipygmy Bryde’s whaleBryde’s whalesound type
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:382
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:28
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
布氏鯨(Balaenoptera edeni)屬於鬚鯨科,廣泛分布於熱帶及亞熱帶海域,牠們沒有長距離的洄游習性。出現於土佐灣的布氏鯨族群在親緣上屬於東海系群,而東海系群的行動模式介於洄游與非洄游之間。2000年為止,在土佐灣雖已辨識出43隻個體,而聲音和個體辨識上的研究能幫助我們更了解土佐灣的族群。本研究在2008年8~12月記錄並分析了兩種聲音類型,分別為可能與攝食行為有關的聲音類型Be8a,以及可能為母子分離時維持聯繫相關的nonpulsed moan。另外在此研究期間,除了2008年的布氏鯨照片外,同時蒐集2001~2007年的照片供個體辨識,共有45隻個體被辨識出,其中有14隻個體是2000年之前已被辨識之個體。土佐灣終年可目擊布氏鯨,但春夏多在土佐灣中部目擊並有攝食行為,而秋冬則多在西南方目擊並有求偶行為。本研究認為東海系群的布氏鯨可能分為兩個(或以上)社群,而土佐灣的布氏鯨屬於北方社群。
Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni) is a species of baleen whales widely distributed throughout the tropical and temperate waters and does not migrate for long distance. Phylogenetically, the population in Tosa Bay, which includes about 43 individuals identified, belongs to the East China Sea Stock and it behaves between migratory and non-migratory forms. Studies on acoustic signals and individual identification could help us understand Bryde’s whales in Tosa Bay more. Between August and December 2008, two sound types were recorded and analyzed. The sound type Be8a was considered as feeding call, while the nonpulsed moan was considered associated with mother-calf communication during separation. In this study period, other 31 individuals were identified and added into the catalogue. Bryde’s whales are distributed very limited. Concentration of individuals was found in central Tosa Bay between spring and early autumn and it shifted southwestern in late autumn and winter. This study suggests that the East China Sea Stock may separate into two or more communities and the population in Tosa Bay belongs to the northern community.
Acknowledgments i
Abstract ii
中文摘要 iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Tables v
List of Figures vi
I. Introduction 1
A. Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni) 1
B. Bioacoustic Studies 4
C. Individual Identification (Photo-identification) 7
D. Bryde’s whales in Tosa Bay 8
II. Purposes of This Study 9
III. Materials and Methods 10
A. Study Site 10
B. Field Survey 10
C. Recording Equipments 11
D. Acoustic Analysis 12
E. Photographic Equipments 12
F. Individual Identification 12
G. Marine Environment 13
IV. Results 15
A. Survey Effort and Sighting 15
B. Acoustic Analysis 15
C. Individual Identification 17
D. Marine Environment 20
V. Discussion 22
A. Acoustic Analysis 22
B. Individual Identification 24
C. Marine Environment 26
VI. Conclusion 28
References 29
Tables 36
Figures 40
Appendix I 60
Appendix II: Catalogue of Individual Identification for Bryde’s whales in Tosa Bay
61
邱百合,2006,台灣東部瑞氏海豚的分布與社會結構。大專學生參與專題研究計畫研究成果報告。台灣。
加藤秀弘. 2000. ニタリクジラの自然誌―土佐湾にすむ日本の鯨. 平凡社, 東京, 日本.
青木かがり. 2003. 土佐湾における鯨類の出現と浮魚類の分布との関係. 高知大学農学部卒業論文.
高知県. 1995. 1994年度土佐湾ホエールウォッチング育成事業調査報告書. 高知県.
高知県. 1996. 1995年度土佐湾ホエールウォッチング育成事業調査報告書. 高知県.
高知県. 1997. 1996年度土佐湾ホエールウォッチング育成事業調査報告書. 高知県.
Baker, A. 1990. Whales and dolphins of Australia and New Zealand: an identification guide. Victoria University Press, Wellington, New Zealand.
Baker, A. N. and B. Madon. 2007. Bryde’s whales (Balaenoptera cf. brydei Olsen 1913) in the Hauraki Gulf and northeastern New Zealand waters. Science for Conservation 272. Department of Conservation, Wellington.
Best, P. B. 1960. Further information on Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni Anderson) from Saldanha Bay, South Africa. Norsk Hvalfangst-Tidende 49: 201-215.
Best, P. B. 1975. Status of Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni or B. brydei). FAD Advisory Committee on Marine Resources Research, Marine Mammal Symposium, Bergen, Norway.
Best, P. B. 1977. Two allopatric forms of Bryde’s whale off South Africa. Report of the International Whaling Commission, Special Issue 1: 10-38.
Best, P. B., D. S. Butterworth and L. H. Rockett. 1984. An assessment cruise for the South African inshore stock of Bryde’s whales (Balaenoptera edeni). Report of the International Whaling Commission 34: 403-423.
Best, P. B. 2001. Distribution and population separation of Bryde’s whale Balaenoptera edeni off southern Africa. Marine Ecology Progress Series 220: 277-289.
Bohn, K. M., G. S. Wilkinson and C. F. Moss. 2007. Discrimination of infant isolation calls by female greater spear-nosed bat, Phyllostomus hastatus. Animal Behaviour 73: 423-432.
Charrier, I., N. Mathevon and P. Jouventin. 2002. How does a fur seal mother recognize the voice of her pup? An experimental study of Arctocephalus tropicalis. The Journal of Experimental Biology 205: 603-612.
Charrier, I. and R. G. Harcourt. 2006. Individual vocal identity in mother and pup Australian sea lions (Neophoca cinerea). Journal of Mammalogy 87(5):929-938.
Clark, A. P. 1993. Rank differences in the production of vocalizations by wild chimpanzees as a function of social context. American Journal of Primatology 31: 159-180.
Cummings, W. C. 1985. Bryde’s whale, Balaenoptera edeni, Anderson. Pages 137-154 in S. H. Ridgway and R. J. Harrison, editors. Handbook of marine mammals, volume 3. Academic Press, London.
Cummings, W. C., P. O. Thompson and S. J. Ha. 1986. Sounds from Bryde, Balaenoptera edeni, and finback, B. physalus, whales in the Gulf of California. Fishery Bulletin 84: 359-380.
Dawbin, W. H. 1966. The seasonal migratory cycle of humpback whales. Pages 145-170 in K.S. Norris, editor. Whales, Dolphins and Porpoises. University of California Press, Berkeley.
Edds, P., P. K. Odell and B. R. Tershy. 1993. Calls of a captive juvenile and free-ranging adult-calf pairs of Bryde’s whales, Balaenoptera edeni. Marine Mammal Science 9: 269-284.
Gros-Louis, J. 2004. The function of food-associated calls in white-faced capuchin monkeys, Cebus capucinus, from the perspective of the signaller. Animal Behaviour 67: 431-440.
Gros-Louis, J. 2006. Acoustic description and contextual analysis of food-associated calls in Cebus capucinus. International Journal of Primatology 27: 273-294.
Hammerschimidt, K. and D. Todt. 1995. Individual differences in vocalizations of young barbary macaques (Macaca sylvanus): a multi-parametric analysis to identify critical cues in acoustic signalling. Behaviour 132: 381-399.
Hammond, P. S., S. A. Mizroch and G. P. Donovan. 1990. Report of the workshop on individual recognition and the estimation of cetacean population parameters. Pages 3-17 in P. S. Hammond, S. A. Mizroch and G. P. Donovan, editors. Individual recognition of cetaceans: use of photo-identification and other techniques to estimate population parameters. The International Whaling Commission, San Diego.
Heimlich, S. L., D. K. Mellinger and S. L. Nieukirk. 2005. Types, distribution, and seasonal occurrence of sounds attributed to Bryde’s whales (Balaenoptera edeni) recorded in the eastern tropical Pacific, 1999-2001. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 118 (3): 1830-1837.
Janik, V. M. 2000. Food-related bray calls in wild bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncates). Proceedings: Biological Sciences 267 (1446): 923-927.
Jaquet, N. and D. Gendron. 2002. Distribution and relative abundance of sperm whales in relative to key environmental features, squid landings and the distribution of other cetacean species in the Gulf of California, Mexico. Marine Biology 141: 591-601.
Jefferson, T. A., S. Leatherwood and M. A. Webber. 1993. Balaenoptera edeni (Bryde’s whale). Pages 56-57. Marine mammals of the world. United Nations Environment Programme, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome.
Job, D .A., D. J. Boness. and J. M. Francis. 1995. Individual variation in nursing vocalizations of Hawaiian monk seal pups, Monachus schauinslandi (Phocidae, Pinnipedia), and lack of maternal recognition. Canadian Journal of Zoology 73: 975-983.
Kato, H. 2002. Bryde’s whale, Balaenoptera edeni and B. Brydei. Pages 171-177 in W. F. Perin, B. Wursig and J. G. M. Thewissen, editors. Encyclopedia of Marine Mammal. Academic Press, San Diego and London.
Kato, H., E. Shinohara, T. Kishiro and S. Noji. 1996. Distribution of Bryde’s whales off Kochi, southwest Japan. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 46: 429-436.
Kawamura, A. 1980. Food habits of the Bryde’s whales taken in the South Pacific and Indian oceans. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute 32: 1-23.
Kishiro, T., H. Kato, T. Miyashita, I. Ishii, T. Nakajima and E. Shinohara. 1997. Abundance of Bryde’s whales off Kochi, estimated from the 1994/95 and 1995/96 sighting surveys. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 47: 575-581.
Lin, C-Y. 2003. Distribution and social organization of Risso’s dolphins (Grampus griseus) in coastal waters of central-eastern Taiwan. Master’s thesis. National Taiwan University.
Martin, A. R. 1990. Whales and dolphins. Salamander Books LTD, London, UK.
Mizroch, S. A., J. A. Beard and M. Lynde. 1990. Computer assisted photo-identification of humpback whales. Reports of the International Whaling Commission, Special Issue 12: 63-70.
Moore, S. E., J. M. Grebmeier and J. M. Davis. 2000. Gray whale foraging habits in the northern Bering Sea: a GIS-based retrospective summary. Fifty-second Annual Meeting of the International Whaling Commission. International Whaling Commission, Adelaide Australia.
Nemoto, T. 1959. Food of baleen whales with reference to whale movements. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute 14: 149-290.
Nemoto, T. and A. Kawamura. 1977. Characteristics of food habits and distribution of baleen whales with special reference to the abundance of North Pacific sei and Bryde’s whales. Report of the International Whaling Commission, Special Issue 1: 80-87.
Ohsumi, S. 1977. Bryde’s whales in the Pelagic whaling ground of the North Pacific. Report of the International Whaling Commission, Special Issue 1: 140-150.
Oleson, E. M., J. Barlow, J. Gordon, S. Rankin and J. A. Hildebrand. 2003. Low frequency calls of Bryde’s whales. Marine Mammal Science 19(2): 407-419.
Omura, H., T. Kasuya, H. Kato and S. Wada. 1981. Osteological study of the Bryde’s whale from the central south Pacific and eastern Indian Ocean. Scientific Reports of the Whales Research Institute 33: 1-26.
Parsons, E. C. M., H. M. Chan and R. Kinoshita. 1999. Trace metal and organochlorine concentrations in a Pygmy Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni) from the South China Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 38(1): 51-55.
Pastene, L. A., M. Goto, S. Itoh, S. Wada and H. Kato. 1997. Intra- and inter-oceanic patterns of mitochondrial DNA variation in the Bryde’s whale, Balaenoptera edeni. Reports of the International Whaling Commission 47: 569-574.
Rice, D. W. 1998. Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Special publication number 4. The Society for Marine Mammalogy, Lawrence, Kansas.
Smith, W. J. 1991. Animal communication and the study of cognition. Pages 209-230 in C. A. Ristau, editor. Cognitive ethology: the minds of other animals. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Hillsdale.
Urashima, T., M. Kobayashi, S. Asakuma, Y. Uemera, I. Arai, K. Fukuda, T. Saito, T. Mogoe, H. Ishikawa and Y. Fukui. 2007. Chemical characterization of the oligosaccharides in Bryde’s whale (Balaenoptera edeni) and Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis lesson) milk. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part B 146(2): 153-159.
Wada, S., M. Oishi and T. K. Yamada. 2003. A newly discovered species of living baleen whale. Nature 426: 278-281.
Yoshida, H. and H. Kato. 1999. Phylogenetic relationships of Bryde’s whales in the western north Pacific and adjacent waters inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Marine Mammal Science 15(4): 1269-1286.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔