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研究生:蔡凱恩
研究生(外文):Kai-en Tsai
論文名稱:台灣西岸十一種發聲魚類聲音特徵之研究
論文名稱(外文):Study of the acoustic characters of eleven soniferous fish in the western coastal waters of Taiwan
指導教授:莫顯蕎莫顯蕎引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hin-Kiu Mok
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:石首魚科發音肌葉鯛科海鯰科台灣大眼鯛科鯻科
外文關鍵詞:AriidaeGlaucosomatidaeTeraponidaeSonic muscleSciaenidaePriacanthidaeTaiwan
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  在台灣西岸所記錄到的六種石首魚包括:丁氏叫姑魚、中華叫姑魚、白姑魚、斑鰭白姑魚、黃金鰭魚或和紅牙魚或,其中以白姑魚的干擾鳴音最容易辨認,其脈衝週期與鳴音長度大約為其他五種石首魚的二至三倍。黃金鰭魚或與紅牙魚或的聲音特性是屬於較低頻的(小於500 Hz)。六種石首魚在脈衝重覆率上互相有顯著的差異,脈衝重覆率可能可以作為種間鳴音辨識的重要參數。在本研究其他調查的魚類中,青葉鯛的干擾鳴音脈衝與脈衝之間幾乎沒有脈衝間隔,單一脈衝的頻寬廣包含了低頻(小於300 Hz)與高頻(1200~2000 Hz)的部份。大眼鯛的干擾鳴音能量主要集中在第二與第三脈衝,脈衝週期呈現不規則的現象。四線列牙鯻的干擾鳴音最大的特徵是脈衝間隔非常的短,大約只有1ms。斑海鯰的干擾鳴音可以分類為三種不同類型的鳴音,其中TypeⅠ為低頻的鳴音(1000 Hz以內),非常類似石首魚的鳴音,有穩定的脈衝週期與主頻率。相較於TypeⅠ、TypeⅡ與TypeⅢ屬於高頻(1~8 kHz)的鳴音,並且在脈衝週期上較不穩定。星雞魚的干擾鳴音主要是透過咽齒磨擦所產生的,其頻率非常高,甚至可以達到10 kHz以上。丁氏叫姑魚雌雄皆有發音肌,雄魚鳴音的主頻率較雌魚高,而雄魚的發音肌在長度上明顯大於雌魚,因此推測較長的發音肌會產生較大的力量,可能可以製造出較高頻的鳴音。將其他學者曾在台灣西岸海域野外調查所發現未知的六種聲型與本實驗記錄的11種發聲魚類的干擾鳴音做比對,發現Type A與中華叫姑魚的干擾鳴音較接近;Type F與斑鰭白姑魚的干擾鳴音較接近;Type G與皮式叫姑魚的干擾鳴音較接近。
Six sciaenid species including Johnius tingi, Johnius sina, Pennahia argentata, Pennahia pawak, Chrysochir aureus and Otolithes rubber from the western coast of Taiwan were studied. Pennahia argentata’s disturbance sound was most distinct in which the pulse period is almost 2~3 times larger than that the other five sciaenid species. The dominant frequencies of C. aureus and O. rubber’s disturbance calls were low (i.e. usually below 500 Hz). In the six sciaenids there was significant difference in the pulse repetition rate, which may be a useful parameter for recognition of sciaenid species. Among the other fishes surveyed in this study, the inter-pulse interval of pearlperch’s (Glaucosoma buergeri) disturbance call is very short or nearly zero. The pulse is composed a low frequency and a high frequency parts, and the frequency range is wide. Most energy was concentrated in the 2nd and 3rd pulses of the Priacanthus macracanthus’s disturbance soundand its pulse period is not stable. The special acoustic character of Pelates quadrilineatus’s disturbance sound is the extremely short inter-pulse interval (< 1ms).The seacatfish Arius maculates’s disturbance sound can be sorted into three types. TypeⅠis a low frequency sound and usually under 1000Hz; it is very similar to sciaenids’ calls with stable pulse period and dominant frequency. Compared to TypeⅠ, TypeⅡ and TypeⅢ were high-frequency sounds (i.e. usually up to 8kHz) and their pulse periods are less stable. Pomadasys kaakan’s disturbance sound is emitted by stridulating of its pharyngeal teeth and these sounds were high frequency (i.e. usually higher than 10 kHz). Both Johnius tingi females and males possess extrinsic sonic muscles. The dominant frequency of the males’ disturbance call is significant higher than that of females’ and the length of males’ sonic muscles are also significantly longer than that of females’. It is hypothesized that a longer sonic muscle can generate higher tension leading to a higher frequency sound. Comparing my data to the eleven sound types collected from the western coast by other workers in which the sound producers are still unknown, Type A, Type F, and Type G are more similar to that of the disturbance sound of J. sina、P. pawak and J. belengerii, respectively.
謝辭 i
中文摘要 i i
英文摘要 i i i
目錄 v
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
前言 1
材料與方法
  標本採集與錄音 6
  鳴音訊號分析 7
  發音肌量測方法 8
  統計分析方法 8
結果
  十一種發聲魚類鳴音特徵 9
  六種石首魚的干擾鳴音比較 13
  六種石首魚干擾鳴音檢索表 13
  丁氏叫姑魚雌雄干擾鳴音與發音肌比較 14
  野外調查與干擾鳴音之比對 14
討論 16
參考文獻 22
表 26
圖 31
個人履歷 68
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