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研究生:錢世坤
研究生(外文):Shih-kun Chien
論文名稱:等級認證制度下之農產品契作交易—契約理論與交易成本觀點的分析
論文名稱(外文):Levels of agricultural products under the certification system for transactions Lease - contract theory and transaction cost analysis point of view
指導教授:李世榮李世榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li, Shul-John
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:經濟學研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:分級認證契約理論交易成本契約耕作
外文關鍵詞:leasecontract theorycertificationtransaction costs
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本文採用「契約理論」研究途徑建立模型, 探討認證分級制度下農產品契作合約的設計。除了展現契作交易價格與最適分級認證標準的決定因素外,本模型亦能用以解釋契作合約隨「交易成本率」的下降而逐漸從市場消失的重要現象。
The study follows the "contract theory" to establish a model of a classification system for certification under the Lease of agricultural products for the design contract. In addition to show the optimal lease’s prices and classification standards for certification of the determining factors, an important phenomenon, this model can be used to interpret, Lease contract with a decline in transaction costs discount and gradually disappear from the market.
緒論....................................................................................................................................................................1
2 農產品分級認證契作交易............................................................................................................................5
2.1 產品生產與分級認證階段.........................................................................................................................6
2.2 中間商收購階段.........................................................................................................................................7
2.3 消費品市場階段: 中間商銷售與消費者需求...........................................................................................8
2.4 最適分級契作合約與最適分級標準.......................................................................................................10
2.4.1 分級契作合約之最適交易條件............................................................................................................10
2.4.2 認證制度最適分級標準之決定............................................................................................................13
3 生產者有直接銷售能力之產品分級契作合約...........................................................................................15
3.1 無中間商承包契作之消費市場均衡.......................................................................................................16
3.2 分級契作合約中間商之收購決策...........................................................................................................18
3.3 最適分級契作合約與最適分級標...........................................................................................................19
3.3.1 分級契作合約之最適交易條件...........................................................................................................19
3.3.2 認證制度最適分級標準之決定...........................................................................................................21
4 交易成本對契作交易之影響.....................................................................................................................23
4.1 生產者直接銷售與契作交易下勞動投入水準之比較..........................................................................23
4.2 中間商退出契作交易行列之交易成本條件.......................................................................................... 24
5 結論..............................................................................................................................................................27
參考文獻........................................................................................................................................................28
A 第二章之數學附錄.....................................................................................................................................29
A.1 求解最適契作合約之G1,G2,e 值..........................................................................................................29
A.2 命題1之證明................................................................................................................................,...........31
A.3 命題2之證明............................................................................................................................................32
A.3.1 以生產者角度求解最適分級標準X ................................................................................................... 32
A.3.2 以中間商角度求解最適分級標準.X ................................................................................................... 33
A.3.3 生產者與中間商聯合利益之角度求解最適分級標準X .................................................................... 35
A.4 中間商契作之經濟利潤...........................................................................................................................38
B 第三章之數學附錄......................................................................................................................................40
B.1 命題3.1之證明........................................................................................................................................ 40
B.2 命題3.2之證明........................................................................................................................................ 42
B.3 最適契作收購問題(3.15) 之求解過程.................................................................................................. 44
B.4 生產者與中間商聯合利益之角度求解最適分級標準X........................................................................ 46
C 第四章之數學附錄.....................................................................................................................................49
C.1 命題4之證明...........................................................................................................................................49
C.2 生產者與中間商之聯合利益恆不為負值 之證明................................................................................50
C.3 中間商退出契作交易條件之導引........................................................................................................ 51
1. 秦銘璟(2002), 遠期契約與現貨交易之模擬分析–以台灣農產品市場為例, 行政院國家
科學委員會專題研究計畫。
2. 陸雲(2007), 提升台灣稻米競爭力之制度面分析-契作關係與配套措施, 農業與資源經
濟期刊, 第4卷, 第2期, 頁1-24。
3. 萬鍾汶、黃文星(1995), 外銷香蕉生產配置之研究, 台灣經濟, 第231期, 頁44-57。
4. 鄭健雄、蔡宜峰(1990), 巨峰葡萄分級之可行性研究, 臺中區農業改良場研究彙報, 第
26期, 頁41-47。
5. Alessandro, Lizzeri (1999), “Information Revelation and Certification Intermediaries,”
RAND Journal of Economics, Vol.30, pp. 43-64.
6. Bolton, Patrick and Matias Dewatripont (2005), Contract Theory, Cambridge,
Massachusetts: MIT Press.
7. Corinne, Langinier and Brian Babcock (2005), “Producers’ choic of certification,”
paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Agricultural Economics
Association.
8. Peyton, Ferrier (2005), “Is More Quality Distinction Better? The Welfare Effects
of Adjusting Quality Grades,” paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the
American Agricultural Economics Association.
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