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研究生:宋麒豐
研究生(外文):Chi-feng Sung
論文名稱:二足步行機器人繞行設計與仿生步態實驗分析
論文名稱(外文):Biped Robot Turning Design and Humanoid Gait Experiment Analysis
指導教授:何應勤
指導教授(外文):Her, Inn Chyn
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:運動步態規劃繞行設計二足機器人
外文關鍵詞:turning designplanning motion gaitBiped robot
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移動式機器人的運動型態,大致上有輪型、二足、四足、六足及多足型等多種,步行機器人也許比不上有輪型機器人來的快速、普遍,但是若在穿越崎嶇路面或探索未知的地形時,步行機器人則是不可或缺的好幫手。足式機器人其優點有:具有高度機動性、可步行於危險環境、跨越障礙物、上下階梯、靈活度高,這是其他非走動式機器所不易達成的。現今許多機器人設計多以補足人類先天上的體能限制為出發點,而應用於外太空探勘、地震救災、工件搬運、便民服務或管家等工作,亦可用作代替肢體殘障者雙腳等。
本文研究二足步行機器人之運動步態,機器人在環境的條件限制下,必須在有限的空間或路徑限制下,迅速的到達目的地,並繞過所有障礙物,此時可利用繞行的運動步態。目的為使機器人作轉彎時的運動速度維持,提高繞行運動之速度與跨步距離的效率。本文研究內容有:二足機器人繞行設計、模擬人類之運動步態規劃及各種運動步態作繞行之實驗等。
The locomotion robots have wheeled, biped, quadruped and so on. Walking robot may not move faster or more popular than wheeled robot. But walking robot is a good assistant to pass through the rough roadway and to explore unknown landforms. The advantages of walking robot have: mobility, walking in danger environment, across obstacles, up stairs and down stairs and nimbleness. These difficulties environment are the obstacles for the wheeled robot. Today, many robots are designed to make up for human body and ability. Application in explore the outer space, to relieve the victims of a disaster, to move work, to offer greater convenience to the people, housekeeper, to substitute for handicapped limbs and so on.
In the thesis, we analyze the gait of biped robot. Biped robot arrive a destination rapidly in the limit environment. Biped can use turning motion gait to bypass obstacles. We purpose to maintain motion velocity of biped robot and come out the speed and stride distance of the biped robot. The studies have: biped robot turning design, planning humanoid motion gait and experiment motion gait.
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究背景與研究動機 6
1.3 論文架構 8
第二章 二足機器人繞行平台之設計與製作 9
2.1 實驗硬體設備 10
2.2 二足機器人模型之設計與製作 12
2.3 繞行中柱之設計 13
第三章 二足機器人繞行之運動步態設計 15
3.1 建立二足機器人之模型座標 15
3.2 二足機器人運動步態之規劃與設計流程 17
3.3 二足機器人步行實驗 26
3.4 運動步態作繞行時之離心力 34
第四章 二足機器人仿人步態之分析研究 36
4.1 步態參數之定義 36
4.2 正常步行步態(Normal-Walking Gait) 37
4.2.1 人類正常步行步態定義 37
4.2.2 二足機器人正常步行步態實驗 40
4.3 競走步態(Race-Walking Gait) 48
4.3.1 人類競走步態定義 48
4.3.2 二足機器人競走步態實驗 50
4.4 跑步步態(Running Gait) 54
4.4.1 人類跑步步態定義 54
4.4.2 二足機器人跑步步態實驗 57
4.5 受傷步態一(Knee Hurt Gait) 63
4.5.1 膝關節受傷步態定義 63
4.5.2 二足機器人膝關節受傷步態實驗 65
4.6 受傷步態二(Hip Hurt Gait) 69
4.6.1 膝關節受傷步態定義 69
4.6.2 二足機器人膝關節受傷步態實驗 71
第五章 結論 75
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