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研究生:蘇百鍵
研究生(外文):Bai-jian Su
論文名稱:行星齒輪式汽車自動變速器之比例圖畫方法研究
論文名稱(外文):Study on the Lever Diagrammatical Methodology forthe Epicyclic-Type Automatic Transmissions of Automobiles
指導教授:許正和許正和引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHENG-HUO HSU
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:機械與機電工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:232
中文關鍵詞:自動變速器行星齒輪機構比例圖畫轉速比基本齒數比運動分析檔位合成離合器配置
外文關鍵詞:arrangement of clutchesclutching-sequence synthesiskinematic analysisbasic gear ratiospeed ratioautomatic transmissionlever diagramepicyclic gear mechanism
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  汽車自動變速器為配置於引擎與驅動輪之間的一種傳動裝置,主要提供車輛在增減速時,引擎能維持在一定的工作轉速範圍。已量產的行星齒輪式汽車自動變速器數目雖多,但在相關比例圖畫法之設計理論上尚未完善,故本研究主要目的在於提出一套有效的行星齒輪式汽車自動變速器比例圖畫設計方法。本文首先介紹行星齒輪式汽車自動變速器的基本組成與作動原理,以及行星齒輪機構的構造圖集目錄,並建立行星齒輪式汽車自動變速器之設計規格;其次,介紹比例圖畫法之基本理論,並對現有汽車自動變速器進行分析,另一方面建立二自由度13型七桿與190型九桿行星齒輪機構之可行比例數線圖集目錄;然後,提出比例圖畫法之一般性檔位合成理論,建立四共軸構件與五共軸構件可行檔位作動順序之比例關係限制範圍,並得到可行構型之檔位作動順序與其基本齒數比範圍;最後,應用平面圖畫之離合器配置理論以及比例關係之齒數設計,進行六速自動變速器之設計。本研究結果顯示七桿二自由度行星齒輪機構與九桿二自由度行星齒輪機構確實能提供的最高檔位數分別為四速與六速。
 An automatic transmission that is a transmission device between the engine and drive wheel, offers the vehicle while increasing and decreasing the speed mainly. Its job keeps the engine within a certain working rotational speed range. Although there are many epicyclic-type automatic transmissions in production, the related design methods of lever diagram is not well developed. Thus, the purpose of this research is to develop a systematic design of the epicyclic gear transmissions for automobiles with lever diagrammatical methodology. First, fundamentals and gear-shifting operations of the four-speed and six-speed epicyclic-type automatic transmissions are illustrated to establish the design requirements. Second, based on the basic theories of lever diagram, a procedure is applied to kinematic analysis for automatic transmission existed, and set up composite lever diagrams of 13 two-DOF seven-link epicyclic gear mechanisms and 190 two-DOF nine-link epicyclic gear mechanisms. Next, a general clutching-sequence synthesis of lever diagrammatical method are proposed and illustrated. According to the limit range of lever dimensions established for four and five coaxial components, the clutching-sequences and the ranges of basic gear ratio of the feasible gear trains can be derived. Finally, the planar-graph representation for arranging desired clutch and the number of teeth based on lever dimensions are applied to design six-forward speeds automatic transmission. The result of this work shows that the seven-link two-DOF epicylic gear mechanisms, and the nine-link two-DOF parallel-connected epicylic gear mechanisms could reach four- and six-forward speeds at most, respectively.
中文摘要 ........................................................................................I
英文摘要 ...................................................................................... II
目錄 ............................................................................................. III
圖目錄 ..........................................................................................VI
表目錄 ..........................................................................................X
第一章 前言 ................................................................................ 1
1-1 文獻回顧 ............................................................................... 1
1-2 研究動機與目的 ................................................................... 4
1-3 論文架構 ............................................................................... 5
第二章 基本概念 ........................................................................ 7
2-1 汽車自動變速器 ................................................................ 7
2-2 行星齒輪式變速機構 ........................................................ 9
2-3 行星齒輪機構 .................................................................. 16
2-4 自動變速器之設計規格 .................................................. 18
2-5 結語 .................................................................................. 21
第三章 比例圖畫法之基本理論 .............................................. 23
3-1 基本原理 .......................................................................... 23
3-2 比例圖畫的轉速比分析程序 .......................................... 28
3-3 轉速比分析 ...................................................................... 29
3-4 轉速分析 .......................................................................... 41
3-5 結語 .................................................................................. 50
第四章 行星齒輪機構之比例數線建立 .................................. 51
4-1 比例數線建立程序........................................................... 51
4-2 四共軸構件數之比例數線 ............................................. 53
4-2-1 13型二自由度四共軸構件比例數線圖集.................. 57
4-3 五共軸構件數之比例數線.............................................. 60
4-4 結語 ................................................................................. 68
第五章 檔位合成理論 ............................................................. 69
5-1 檔位合成程序 ................................................................. 69
5-1-1 二自由度四共軸構件行星齒輪機構 ......................... 70
5-1-2 二自由度五共軸構件行星齒輪機構 ......................... 76
5-2 可行檔位作動順序判斷程序 ......................................... 81
5-2-1 四共軸構件之可行檔位作動順序 ............................. 81
5-2-2 五共軸構件之可行檔位作動順序 ............................. 87
5-3 行星齒輪機構可行檔位作動順序判認 ......................... 99
5-3-1 四共軸構件行星齒輪機構之可行檔位作動順序 ... 100
5-3-2 五共軸構件行星齒輪機構之可行檔位作動順序 ... 108
5-4 結語 ............................................................................... 115
第六章 六速自動變速器 ....................................................... 117
6-1 離合器配置理論 ............................................................. 117
6-2 離合器配置設計 ........................................................... 119
6-3 齒數設計 ....................................................................... 125
6-4 結語 ............................................................................... 134
第七章 結論與建議 ............................................................... 135
參考文獻 ................................................................................. 139
附錄一 二自由度七桿四共軸構件之二排行星齒輪機構.....143
附錄二 二自由度九桿五共軸構件之二排行星齒輪機構.... 144
附錄三 二自由度五共軸構件行星齒輪構造之比例數線圖集............................................................................................. 152
附錄四 判斷190型二自由度五共軸構件行星齒輪機構K值之合理性......................................................................................... 193
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