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研究生:陳杏雯
研究生(外文):Hsing-Wen Chen
論文名稱:探討台中居民吸菸行為之影響因素
論文名稱(外文):Exploring the influences on smoking Residents in Taichung
指導教授:葉美玲葉美玲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Mei-Ling Yaug
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立台北護理學院
系所名稱:護理研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:59
中文關鍵詞:吸菸基本屬性家庭環境狀態健康狀態
外文關鍵詞:Smokingdemographic characteristicsenvironmenthealthy condition.
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本研究採次級資料分析,目的在探討台中居民個人基本屬性、家庭環境狀態及健康狀態與吸菸行為之間的差異與相關。藉由95年12月至98年3月間衛生局社區家戶訪視資料,選取台中縣太平市、新社鄉與和平鄉20至50歲之民衆,有效樣本為10037份,以卡方檢定及邏輯斯回歸法進行分析。結果顯示個人基本屬性:性別、年齡、教育程度、原住民、健康狀態(包括身體質量指數、腰圍、高血糖、高血壓、高血脂、代謝症候群、憂鬱情緒)與家庭(包括婚姻狀況、工作狀況、戶長、具未成年人口、吸菸人口數)及環境(現住鄉市)狀態在吸菸行為具有統計學上顯著差異(p<.05)。其中影響因素:性別、年齡、教育程度、原住民、腰圍、憂鬱情緒、工作狀態、戶長、具未成年人口、吸菸人口數及現住鄉市是吸菸行為預測因子。建議醫護人員提供戒菸措施時,應加強評估個人基本屬性、家庭環境狀態及健康狀態,以提供相關醫療政策因地制宜之教育宣導配套措施,有助強化民眾戒菸行為以促進健康。
This is a secondary data analysis study. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between the demographic characteristics, health conditions, environments, and the smoking behaviors of the residents in Taichung County. Data on household visiting materials for a population older than 20 years who reside in Taping, Sinshe and Heping regions of Taichung County during December, 2006- March, 2009 from the Bureau of Health, Taichung County. The effective sample is 10037. The Chi-square test and logistic regression were used to analyze data. The results of this study showed significant differences between demographic characteristics ( sex, age, education levels, and the aboriginal race), healthy conditions ( BMI, waist, hyperglycemia, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, metabolic syndrome, and depressed mood), environments (marital status , employment, the head of household, underage children, the number of the smokers) and the smoking behaviors (p<.05). The sex, age, education levels, aborigine, waist, depression, employment, the head of household, underage children, the number of the smokers were important predictive factors for the smoking behavior in the township city. This study suggests that when the medical care personnel are providing the measures to quit smoking, they should strengthen appraises demographic, environmental and health conditions. In order to promote the health, the sanitation authority should provide the related medical policy to act as the education guidance and the coordinated sets of measures which are helpful to strengthen the populace to quit smoking.
致 謝………………………………………………………………………Ι
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………Ⅱ
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………Ⅲ
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究背景與動機…………………………………………………1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………………4
第三節 研究問題…………………………………………………………4
第二章 文獻查證
第一節 個人基本屬性對吸菸行為影響…………………………………5
第二節 家庭及環境狀態對吸菸行為影響………………………………15
第三章 研究架構
第一節 概念架構…………………………………………………………19
第二節 名詞解釋…………………………………………………………20
第四章 研究方法
第一節 研究設計與對象…………………………………………………24
第二節 測量工具…………………………………………………………24
第二節 資料分析…………………………………………………………25
第五章 研究結果
第一節 三鄉市人口、家庭及健康狀態分怖……………………………26
第二節 吸菸行為對個人基本屬性及健康狀態影響……………………30
第三節 吸菸行為對家庭及環境狀態影響………………………………36
第四節 吸菸行為預測因子………………………………………………38
第六章 討論
第一節 吸菸行為對個人基本屬性及健康狀態影響……………………40
第二節 吸菸行為對家庭及環境狀態影響………………………………41
第三節 吸菸行為預測因子………………………………………………42
第七章 結論與建議
第一節 結論………………………………………………………………43
第二節 護理上的運用……………………………………………………43
第三節 研究限制…………………………………………………………45
第四節 建議………………………………………………………………46
參考資料
中文部份 …………………………………………………………………47
英文部份 …………………………………………………………………51
附件
附件一:「使用台中縣衛生局家戶訪視資料」同意函…………………59
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