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研究生:蔡秉儒
論文名稱:固體觸媒生產生質柴油-新式生質柴油反應器
指導教授:黃世傑黃世傑引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:化學工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:51
中文關鍵詞:生質柴油固體觸媒氣舉式反應器
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:409
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  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
生質柴油為一種兼顧環境保護以及具商業價值的替代性生質能源,而目前商業化的生產,乃是使用均相鹼觸媒進行轉酯化反應,而代轉酯化反應結束,須經過酸鹼中和以及水洗,此舉不利於產品的純化以及分離,並且增加生產成本。若使用非均相之觸媒進行反應,將可簡化生產流程並且使成本降低,使得生質柴油更具有商業化優勢。
本研究主要使用氣舉式反應器搭配固體鹼觸媒進行轉酯化反應,針對醇油比、觸媒用量及反應溫度等反應參數進行探討,並找出較佳之操作條件。由於氣舉式反應器具有良好的熱量及質量傳導能力,故可增加轉酯化生產生質柴油的產率。由實驗結果得知,在醇油比6、觸媒用量5 wt %、溫度60 ℃、空氣流速31 ml/s、內管管徑48 mm、內管管長300 mm條件下,轉酯化反應於15分鐘內,產率可達最大值98 %。
1.摘要
2.緒論
3.文獻回顧
4.實驗內容與材料方法
5.結果與討論
6.結論
7.參考文獻
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