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研究生:黃鈺文
研究生(外文):Huang, Yu-Wen
論文名稱:EnablingDirectDetectionMultibandOFDMSystemwithaNovelInterleavedSignalFormat
論文名稱(外文):在光正交分頻多工系統中使用交錯法訊號編排實現多重訊號段系統
指導教授:馮開明
指導教授(外文):Feng, Kai-Ming
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立清華大學
系所名稱:通訊工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:58
中文關鍵詞:光正交分頻多工交錯法直接偵測多訊號段
外文關鍵詞:Optical OFDMInterleavedDirect-detectionMultiband
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現在網際網路已成為人們的生活必需品,各式各樣的網路不論是電話網路,電腦網路,甚至到行動電話的GSM、CDMA網路,最終還是要靠光纖網路來連接,而且光纖不受干擾又適合長距離通訊等許多的優點又符合節省能源的未來趨勢,因此有人說二十世紀是電的世紀,二十一世紀則是光的世紀。由於光放大器和光調變器技術在近年來不斷增進,光纖通訊系統也因此帶動起來,為了增加傳送速度並且得到最佳的結果,在傳送端與接收端的訊號處理開始變得重要。新的通訊系統上使用光的正交分頻多工架構,這種架構只需設計晶片來執行傅立葉轉換就可將原本訊號載到多個正交載波上,因此可以減化系統複雜度和整合難度。而且正交分頻多工技術除了有高頻譜效率的優點,還因為正交載波特性而能抵抗符號間干擾,即使運用在遠距離傳輸也幾乎不需要另外對色散做補償,可以降低傳輸時的成本。
  本篇論文使用加上光放大器的自我同調偵測,結合直接偵測以及同調偵測的優點,使用自身攜帶的載波取代雷射光,並使用平衡接收機來減少雜訊項,減少成本並增加系統表現。另外,本篇論文討論了可使得多重訊號段正交分頻多工在直接偵測下可實行的訊號編排方式,利用交錯法在攜帶有訊號的子載波中插入空的(不攜帶訊號的)子載波,在直接偵測下使得經過光偵測器後產生的訊號段與訊號段拍頻雜訊所坐落的位置會與訊號存在的位置錯開,消除訊號段與訊號段拍頻雜訊對於訊號的影響,並使用正交訊號段多工技術來縮小訊號段與訊號段之間的間距頻寬,以提高頻譜效率。
目   錄
致謝...............................................................I
摘要..............................................................II
目錄.............................................................III
圖目錄.............................................................V
表目錄...........................................................VII
第一章 正交分頻多工系統簡介....................................1
第二章 光的正交分頻多工系統....................................5
2-1 正交分頻多工調變技術傳送端與接收端系統架構..................5
2-2 利用數位的方式實現OFDM系統.................................8
2-3 保護區間與循環字首.........................................10
2-4 光學調變器.................................................14
2-5 光的正交分頻多工傳送端系統架構.............................19
2-6 光的正交分頻多工接收端系統架構.............................21
第三章 自我同調偵測架構中調整載波功率增加系統表現......... 25
3-1自我同調偵測架構........................................... 25
3-2自我同調偵測模擬........................................... 27
3-3調整載波功率改善自我同調偵測............................... 31
3-4調整傳送時的載波和訊號功率比來增加系統表現................. 33
第四章 使用交錯法訊號編排實現多重訊號段系統........ ....... 41
4-1交錯法訊號編排原理.......................... .............. 41
4-2交錯法訊號編排模擬.........................................43
4-3以交錯法編排訊號後調整訊號段與訊號段間距以提高頻譜效率..... 46
4-4 更公平的比較多重訊號段OFDM系統........................51
第五章 結論......................................................55
參考文獻.........................................................56
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