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研究生:黃慶銘
研究生(外文):Ching-Ming Hwang
論文名稱:影響科學園區廠商競爭優勢與績效之研究-以新竹科學園區為例
論文名稱(外文):The Research of Effects on Competitiveness and Performance of Science Park Firms - The Case of Hsinchu Science Park, Taiwan
指導教授:徐昊杲徐昊杲引用關係
指導教授(外文):How-Gao Hsu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:工業教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:195
中文關鍵詞:科學園區競爭優勢產業群聚全球網絡關係
外文關鍵詞:Science ParkCompetitive AdvantageIndustrial ClusterGlobe Networks
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新竹科學園區成立近三十年以來,已發展成為我國高科技產業聚集發展的重鎮與 產業之創新研發基地,為我國最具有國際競爭力之創新與生產環境。儘管科學園區對我國之經濟成長與廠商發展具有高度重要性,但文獻上卻鮮少透過產業面因素、廠商面因素與政府政策面因素,來探討科學園區廠商之競爭優勢與績效來源。因此,本研究將針對新竹科學園區之進駐廠商,以過去相關研究為基礎,採用生態理論、資源基礎理論以及資源互賴理論之觀點建立一整合性架構,探討產業發展、廠商創新能力、及政府科技政策,對科學園區進駐廠商之競爭優勢及績效之影響。


本研究之研究母體為新竹科學園區至 2008年12月止之所有進駐廠商,合計為 430家廠商。在所寄發的1200份問卷中,共回收475份,扣除 27份無效問卷之後,計為 448份有效問卷,有效回收率為37.33%。

本研究依據問卷回收結果,進行複迴歸分析、集群分析與變異數分析與因素分析、判別分析等統計分析,獲得下列研究結果:
(1)、產業生命週期階段不同,會使科學園區廠商之創新能力與競爭優勢有所不同,而產業群聚以及全球網絡關係對於科學園區廠商之創新能力與競爭優勢具有正向的顯著影響。
(2)、科學園區廠商資源與創新能力之企業資源能力、技術創新能力與市場整合創新能力對於廠商競爭優勢具有正向之顯著影響。
(3)、政府科技政策與廠商創新能力之交互作用對於科學園區廠商競爭優勢具有顯著之影響。
(4)、產業生命週期階段不同,會使科學園區廠商之績效有所不同,而產業群聚與資源、創新、品質、成本、動態系統能力等優勢對於科學園區廠商之績效具有正向的顯著影響。
(5)、政府科技政策與科學園區廠商持續性競爭優勢之交互作用對於廠商績效具有顯著之影響。
Abstract

In the past three decades, HsinChu Science Park (HSP) has been the key position gathering High-tech industries, and the base of innovations in Taiwan, which extends the successful experience of HSP, was established for promoting industrial upgrades and balancing region development. Although the significant importance of science parks for economic growth and firm development, little has been done in the literature in examining the relationships among the industry level determinants, firm level determinants, state’s policy level determinants, competitive advantages and performance of the firms. Therefore, this study attempts to fill the gap in the literature by providing an integrative research framework through extensive literature review to identify the key determinants and to examine the relationships among these determinants, the competitive advantages and performance of firms in HSP. Based on ecology theory, resource-based theory, and resource dependence theory, hypotheses were proposed and then examined through an empirical study.

The population in this study is all the 430 firms of HSP. 1200 questionnaires were mailed, 475 responses were received and 27 of them were incomplete. The remaining 448 valid and complete questionnaires were used for the quantitative analysis. It represents a useable response rate of 37.33 %.

The major findings of this study include: First, the results of the regression and ANOVA analyses show support for the direct effects of industry development and firms’ innovative capability on the competitive advantage of firms in science parks. Secondly, the results of ANOVA analyses indicate that state’s science and technology policy and firms’ innovative capability has strong interaction effects on the competitive advantage of firms in science parks. Third, the results of the regression and ANOVA analyses show support for the direct effects of industry development and firms’ competitive advantage on the performance of firms in science-based industrial parks. Fourth, Industries are at different stages of the life cycle, Science Park will make the performance of different manufacturers, and industry cluster with the resources, innovation, quality, cost, capability of dynamic system for the advantage of the performance of Science Park companies have a significant positive impact. Finally, the results of ANOVA analyses indicate that science and technology policy and firms’ competitive advantage have strong interaction effects on the performance of firms in Science Parks.
總 目 錄
中文摘要 ............................................... III
英文摘要 ............................................... IV
總目錄 ............................................... VI
表目錄 ............................................... VII
圖目錄 ............................................... IX

第一章 緒論............................................ 1
第一節 研究緣起與動機…………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………………………………… 7
第三節 研究流程…………………………………………………………… 8
第四節 研究範圍及限制…………………………………………………… 10
第五節 名詞釋議…………………………………………………………… 11

第二章 文獻探討........................................ 13
第一節 科學園區之定義與發展…………………………………………… 13
第二節 科學園區相關研究………………………………………………… 22
第三節 科學園區相關理論探討…………………………………………… 33
第四節 影響科學園區相關因素之文獻…………………………………… 41

第三章 研究設計與實施................................... 73
第一節 研究架構…………………………………………………………… 74
第二節 研究假設…………………………………………………………… 75
第三節 研究工具發展……………………………………………………… 85
第四節 研究對象與資料蒐集……………………………………………… 95
第五節 問卷回收及樣本結構……………………………………………… 95
第六節 資料分析方法……………………………………………………… 98

第四章 研究結果分析與討論................................ 101
第一節 不同控制變數在各構面之差異分析……………………………… 101
第二節 各變數因素之互動關係及假設驗………………………………… 105
第三節 研究結果分析……………………………………………………… 151

第五章 結論與建議....................................... 157
第一節 研究結果…………………………………………………………… 157
第二節 研究之發現………………………………………………………… 157
第三節 建議事項…………………………………………………………… 159
第四節 後續研究之建議…………………………………………………… 161

參考文獻 ............................................... 164

附錄- ............................................... 175
附錄一- 專家會議記錄……………………………………………………… 176
附錄二- 問卷………………………………………………………………… 189
附錄三- 問卷專家訪談記錄………………………………………………… 194
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「前瞻SoC產品設計服務技術研發計畫」第4次進度(第一期期末專家審查會期
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「前瞻SoC產品設計服務技術研發計畫」第8次執行進度(第二期期末專家審查
會)審核會議紀錄 (97.11.19)
「前瞻SoC產品設計服務技術研發計畫」第9次執行進度(第三期期初專家審查會)審核會議紀錄(98.1.7)
科學工業園區管理局, ( 2008 )「科學工業園區管理局2007年報」
科學工業園區管理局, ( 2009.2 )「科學工業園區管理局97年業務成果及重要
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(三) 網站

世界科學園區協會(IASP):http://www.iaspworld.org/
亞洲科學園區協會(ASPA):http://www.aspa.org/
美國大學研究園區協會(AURP):http://www.aurp.org/
新竹科學園區管理局:http://www.sipa.gov.tw/
英國科學園區協會(UK Science Park Association):http://www.ukspa.org.uk/
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