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研究生:林宛潔
研究生(外文):Wan-Chieh Lin
論文名稱:工作-家庭雙向衝突與心理健康、快樂之相關研究─以神經質為調節變項
論文名稱(外文):Relationship of Neuroticism, and Conflicts in the Work-family Interface with Psychological Outcomes
指導教授:孫瑜華孫瑜華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yu-Hua Sun
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:人類發展與家庭學系
學門:人文學門
學類:人類學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:工作-家庭衝突家庭-工作衝突神經質心理健康快樂
外文關鍵詞:Wok-Family ConflictFamily-Work ConflictNeuroticismMental HealthHappiness
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:21
  • 點閱點閱:1055
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:373
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
本研究主要以台灣地區飯店員工為例,探討工作家庭雙向衝突、心理健康及快樂間的關係,並以五大人格特質中的神經質為調節變項,探討神經質對於工作-家庭雙向衝突及心理健康的調節效果。
本研究以便利抽樣方式進行問卷調查,一共發放520份,回收485份問卷中之有效問卷為379份,有效回收率為72.9%。本研究所使用的統計分析方法包括:敘述性統計分析、因素分析、信度分析、Pearson積差相關分析、階層回歸分析等。
研究結果發現快樂經因素分析後萃取出五個因素:分別為「和諧滿足」、「愉悅自在」、「美好人生」、「關懷認同」與「自信樂觀」。研究結果分述如下:
ㄧ、工作-家庭衝突與心理健康有顯著相關。
二、神經質在家庭-工作衝突與心理健康之間有調節效果存在。
三、工作-家庭衝突對於和諧滿足、美好人生、關懷認同有負向影響;家庭-工作衝突對於美好人生、自信樂觀有負向影響。
四、心理健康對於和諧滿足、愉悅自在、美好人生、關懷認同與自信樂觀有正向影響。
五、心理健康在工作-家庭衝突與和諧滿足、美好人生、關懷認同間有中介效果存在。
The research which primarily adopted employees of hotels in Taiwan as model investigated the relationship of work-family conflict, family-work conflict, mental health and happiness; furthermore, taking neuroticism in Big Five Model as the moderate variable, it investigated the moderate effects neuroticism toward work-family conflict, family-work conflict and mental health.
Survey was carried out by using convenience sampling method. A total of 379 valid questionnaires were collected and analyzed with descriptive statistics analysis, factor analysis, reliability analysis, Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple hierarchical regression statistics.
According to the result, happiness could be concluded into five factors which were“harmony”,“joy”,“beautiful life”,“consideration”, and“optimism”by using factor analysis. The results were summarized as follows:
1.Work-family conflict had significantly related to mental health.
2.Neuroticism moderated the effects of family-work conflict on mental health.
3.Work-family conflict was found to be negatively associated with harmony, beautiful life, and consideration; family-conflict was negatively related to beautiful life and optimism.
4.Mental health was found to be positively associated with harmony, joy, beautiful life, consideration and optimism.
5.Mental health had intervening effect on work-family conflict and harmony, beautiful life, consideration.
第一章 緒論...................................1
第一節 研究動機與背景......................1
第二節 研究目的...........................4
第三節 名詞解釋...........................5
第二章 文獻探討...............................6
第一節 工作-家庭雙向衝突相關文獻............6
第二節 神經質相關文獻......................13
第三節 心理健康、快樂相關文獻...............18
第三章 研究方法...............................24
第一節 研究架構...........................24
第二節 研究假設...........................25
第三節 研究變項之操作性定義................28
第四節 研究工具...........................29
第五節 樣本與抽樣方法......................36
第六節 統計分析...........................37
第七節 預試結果分析........................38
第四章 結果與分析.............................51
第一節 人口統計之分析......................51
第二節 信度與效度分析......................55
第三節 變項間之關係........................64
第五章 結論討論與建議..........................72
第一節 討論...............................72
第二節 研究限制與建議......................75
參考文獻............................................78
附錄一:預試問卷.....................................85
附錄二:正式問卷.....................................89
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