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研究生:歐陽儀
研究生(外文):O Yang Yi
論文名稱:父母自我分化,親子三角關係,青少年子女自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Parent’s Self-Differentiation, the Family Triangulation, and Adolescent’s Self-Differentiation on Adolescent’s General Health
指導教授:吳麗娟吳麗娟引用關係
指導教授(外文):Li-Chuan, Wu
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:教育心理與輔導學系
學門:教育學門
學類:綜合教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2009
畢業學年度:97
語文別:中文
論文頁數:274
中文關鍵詞:自我分化親子三角關係
外文關鍵詞:Self-DifferentiationFamily Triangulation
相關次數:
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本研究以Bowen家族系統理論為基礎,考驗父母各自的自我分化對青少年子女身心健康的影響。本研究分為二個部分: 第一個部分是根據Bowen理論,編製「親子三角關係量表」。第二個部分是探討父母各自的自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響結構方程式之研究,這部分分為兩個研究進行:研究一是提出以親子三角關係為調節變項、青少年子女自我分化為中介變項之父母各自的自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之模式並加以考驗。研究二是提出以青少年子女自我分化為中介變項之父母各自的自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之模式並加以考驗。
本研究第一部分是研究者根據Bowen理論編製「親子三角關係量表」。研究者以台北市兩所國中488名國中生為樣本,運用極端組檢定、相關分析法、α係數、二階驗證性因素分析進行選題與量表信效度考驗。本量表得到五個因素:「穩定跨世代聯盟」、「非穩定跨世代聯盟」、「家庭投射-過度保護子女」、「家庭投射-代罪羔羊」、「親職化」,共計40題。本量表具有良好的內部一致性,而二階驗證性因素分析模式是合理適配的,具有良好的建構效度。
第二個部分是進行父、母自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響結構方程式之研究的探討。研究者以大台北地區1010組父親、母親、國中青少年為研究樣本,並且以「自我分化量表」(包含父親版、母親版、學生版)、「親子三角關係量表」、「一般健康量表」為研究工具進行施測。資料統計分析方法為多群組結構方程模式、結構方程模式。研究結果如下:
(一)以親子三角關係為調節變項、青少年子女自我分化為中介變項,在父母各自自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之結構方程模式部分:
以親子三角關係總分分為高、中、低三組,利用高、低分組進行測量不變性、結構不變性考驗。結果發現親子三角關係高、低組,達到測量不變性與結構不變性,亦即是親子三角關係程度高分組與低分組,在父、母自我分化對青少年子女的自我分化之關係上不具有調節效果。所以親子三角關係具有調節效果的假設並未獲得支持。
(二) 以青少年子女自我分化為中介變項在父母各自的自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之結構方程模式部分:
父母各自的自我分化會直接影響青少年子女自我分化;青少年子女自我分化會直接影響青少年子女身心健康;父母各自自我分化會經由青少年子女自我分化影響青少年子女身心健康,而且父親的自我分化影響力與母親的自我分化影響力相同。
最後根據本研究之結果進行討論,以作為青少年輔導、親職教育、婚姻家族治療與未來進一步研究的參考。
The Effect of Parent’s Self-Differentiation, the Family Triangulation, and Adolescent’s Self-Differentiation on Adolescent’s General Health

Abstract

The purpose of this research was to develop two models which can describe the effect of each parent’s self-differentiation on adolescent’s general health by using Bowen’s theory. This research was divided into two parts. Firstly, the Family Triangulation Inventory was developed according to Bowen’s theory. Secondly, the two structural equation models were developed to explore the effect of each parent’s self-differentiation on adolescent’s general health. The first model was developed to explore the effect of parent’s self-differentiation on adolescent’s general health by using the family triangulation as a moderator, and the adolescent’s self-differentiation as a mediator. Whereas the second model was developed to explore the effect of parent’s self-differentiation on adolescent’s general health by using the adolescent’s self-differentiation as a mediator.
In The Family Triangulation Inventory nearly 488 students from two junior high schools were investigated in order to test the reliability and validity of the inventory. The data were analyzed by critical ratio, corrected item-total correlation, Cronbach α, second-order confirmatory analysis.
The findings as follows: The Family Triangulation Inventory was divided into five factors such as: stable parent-child coalition, unstable parent-child coalition, family projection-overprotect child, family projection-scapegoat and parentification. The 40-items were used in formal inventory which showed good internal consistency. The second–order model confirmatory factor analysis was reasonably fitted to formal inventory and showed good construct validity.
In second step, nearly 1010 father-mother-child teams were investigated. The each participants (father, mother and student) were evaluated by using The Differentiation of Self Inventory, The Family Triangulation Inventory and The General Health Questionnaire. The data were analyzed by multiple group SEM and SEM.
In model 1, according to the scores of the family triangulation it was divided into three teams- high, middle and low score teams. In this model each parent‘s self-differentiation influences adolescent general health through adolescent self-differentiation which was manifested by multi-group SEM. High score team and low score teams were compared by measurement invariance and structural invariance.
The findings as follows: In high score team the adolescent involved in the family triangulation affect in same way as the low score team by which each parent’s self-differentiation influences adolescent self-differentiation. Thus the moderator effect of the family triangulation was not supported.
In model 2 the influence of each parent’s self-differentiation on adolescent’s general health was observed by using the adolescent’s self-differentiation as a mediator.
The findings as follows: Each parent’s self-differentiation may positively affect the adolescent’s self-differentiation which may also affect the adolescent general health. The effect of father’s and mother’s self-differentiation on adolescent general health was observed to be similar.
This study can be implemented in future for providing the guidance for adolescence, parenting education, marital and family therapy and suggestion.
中文摘要
英文摘要
第一章 緒論
第一節 研究動機 ………………………………………………………… 1
第二節 研究目的 ………………………………………………………… 8
第三節 研究問題與假設 ………………………………………………… 9
第四節 名詞解釋 …………………………………………………………10
第二章 文獻探討
第一節 自我分化的理論基礎與相關研究 …………………………… 13
第二節 親子三角關係的理論基礎與相關研究 ……………………… 22
第三節 青少年子女身心健康的理論基礎與相關研究 ……………… 33
第四節 自我分化代間傳遞之理論基礎與相關研究 ………………… 40
第五節 自我分化與親子三角關係之相關性的理論基礎與相關研究………………………………………………………………… 45
第六節 自我分化與青少年子女身心健康之相關研究 ……………… 49
第七節 親子三角關係與青少年子女身心健康之相關研究 ………… 54
第三章 研究方法
第一節 研究架構 ……………………………………………………… 60
第二節 研究對象……………………………………………………… 64
第三節 研究工具 ……………………………………………………… 67
第四節 實施程序 ………………………………………………………126
第五節 統計分析 ………………………………………………………127

第四章 研究結果與討論
第一節 青少年子女與其父母之樣本特性與其在父母自我分化、親子三角關係、青少年子女自我分化、青少年子女身心健康之描述性統計結果與討論………………………………… 132
第二節 研究一: 以親子三角關係為調節變項、青少年子女自我分化為中介變項之父母自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之結構方程式分析結果與討論……………………………… 138
第三節 研究二:以青少年子女自我分化為中介變項之父母自我分化對青少年子女身心健康影響之結構方程式分析結果與討論………………………………………………………………… 153

第五章 結論與建議
第一節 結論 …………………………………………………………… 170
第二節 建議 …………………………………………………………… 175

參考文獻
一、中文部分 ………………………………………………………………… 188
二、英文部分 ………………………………………………………………… 192

附錄
附錄一 研究工具預試版本………………………………………………… 204
附錄二 研究工具正式施測版本…………………………………………… 221
附錄三 翻譯修訂「自我分化量表修訂版」(Differentiation of Self-Revised,DSI-R)原作者同意書…………………………… 237
附錄四 自我分化量表修訂過程與專家學者所提供的意見 ………………238
附錄五 親子三角關係量表編製過程暨專家學者、國中受試學生所提供的建議……………………………………………………………………… 252
附錄六 「一般健康量表」原修訂者使用同意書………………………… 258
附錄七 輔導教師協助施測說明指導語與導師說明書…………………… 259
附錄八 全體樣本、及親子三角關係高分組、低分組樣本在父親自我分化、母親自我分化、青少年自我分化與青少年身心健康之統計基本資料…………………………………………………… 261
附錄九 全體樣本、及親子三角關係高分組、低分組樣本在父、母自我分化對青少年身心健康影響的CFA模式各項評估摘要表 ……265
附錄十 親子三角關係高分組與低分組在父、母自我分化經由青少年自我分化對青少年身心健康影響的結構方程模式各項考驗摘要表……… 271
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